Black July (Early Black July; July; De la Madeleine; Made-loins Noire; Morillon Hatif; Raisin de Juillet: RaisinPrecocs; De St. Jean; August Traubs; Jacob's Traube)

Bunches, small and cylindrical. Berries, small and round. Skin, thick, deep purple, covered with blue bloom. Flesh, sweet and juicy, but not highly flavoured.

The great recommendation of this variety is its earliness, and the facility with which it ripens against a wall in the open air. The flowers are tender, and consequently, unless grown in a cool vinery, the bunches are loose, and the berries thin; but when protected the plant produces close, compact bunches, and is an excellent bearer. Although this is the earliest grape, it is not so highly flavoured as Black Cluster and Miller's Burgundy.

Black Lisbon. See Alicante.

Black Lombardy. See West's St. Peter's.

Black Monukka

Bunches, very large, shouldered, and thickly set. Berries, singularly shaped, being like monster barberries, obovate-oblong. Skin, of a deep dull chestnut colour, very thin, adhering closely to the flesh, which is firm, crisp, and very juicy, with a sweet and very rich flavour, more so than Black Hamburgh.

This is a remarkable-looking grape, and may be eaten with pleasure, being entirely without seeds. The vine is a vigorous grower and a great bearer, and is highly deserving of cultivation. The leaves die dull reddish brown.

This is supposed to be an Indian grape; and was first brought into notice by Mr. Johnson, gardener at Hampton Court, who sent it to the garden of the Royal Horticultural Society, at Chiswick, where it is now to be seen growing in the large vinery in great perfection.

Black Morillon. See Black Cluster. Black Morocco. See Morocco. Black Muscadel. See Morocco.

Black Muscadine (Black Chasselas; Chasselas Noir)

Bunches, medium sized, compact. Berries, about medium sized, round, inclining to oval. Skin, thick, deep purplish black, covered with blue bloom. Flesh, juicy, sweet, sugary, and richly flavoured.

When well ripened this is an excellent grape, and has a trace of musky aroma in its flavour; but to obtain it thus it requires to be grown in a warm vinery.

Black Muscat Of Alexandria (Muscat Hamburgh; Bed Muscat of Alexandria; Snow's Muscat Hamburgh)

Bunches, large and shouldered. Berries, large and oval, or roundish oval. Skin, tough, but not thick, dark reddish purple, covered with thin blue bloom. Flesh, rather melting, very juicy, rich, and sugary, and with an exquisite Muscat flavour.

A delicious grape. The berries are rather smaller than those of the White Muscat of Alexandria, but are equally rich in flavour, and ripen more easily. It may be grown either in a warm vinery or a hothouse; but the latter is not indispensable.

It does not do well on its own roots, and is frequently grafted on Black Hamburgh, by which it is improved, but the best stock for it is Muscat of Alexandria.

This grape had become very scarce until it re-appeared under the name of Snow's Muscat Hamburgh. It was re-introduced by Mr. S. Snow, gardener to Lady Cowper, Wrest Park, Bedfordshire.

Black Palestine. See Alicante. Black Portugal. See Alicante.