This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, below medium size; pyramidal, regular, and handsome. Skin, pale yellow, streaked with red, and covered with red on the side next the sun. Eye, open, very slightly depressed. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted without depression. Flesh, tender, juicy, and melting, with an agreeable flavour.
Ripe in the beginning and middle of August.
The tree is hardy, and a very abundant bearer.
Fruit, medium sized; roundish. Skin, smooth, yellowish green, becoming pale yellow as it ripens, covered with numerous minute dots. Eye, small and open, not depressed. Stalk, an inch long, inserted without depression by the side of a fleshy protuberance. Flesh, yellowish white, melting, juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured.
This variety originated at a village named Haze, near Tours, in France, of which Madame de Lansac, governess to the Dauphin, afterwards Louis XIV. of France, was superior, and was named in honour of her. The name of Dauphin also originated in connection with this circumstance.
Fruit, below medium size; obtuse pyriform. Skin, smooth, of a beautiful deep yellow colour, with a tinge of red next the sun, covered with numerous dots, which are reddish next the sun and greenish in the shade. Eye, large and open, with rather long dry segments, and set almost even with the surface. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, stout and fleshy, and set in a small round depression. Flesh, whitish, crisp, sweet, and juicy, with a pleasant musky flavour.
A dessert pear; ripe in August. The tree is vigorous and an abundant bearer, and succeeds well as a standard either on the pear or quince.
Fruit, above medium size; pyramidal. Skin, entirely covered with a coat of fawn-coloured russet, with mottles of lemon-coloured ground shining through. Eye, open, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, an inch long, stout and fleshy, not depressed. Flesh, white, tender and juicy, sweet and highly perfumed.
A pear of second quality; ripe in the beginning of October.
De Lavault. See Williams's Bon Chretien.
Fruit, medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a half to three-quarters high; roundish or Doyenne-shaped, even and regular in its outline. Skin, smooth, greenish yellow, changing to a fine lemon-yellow, covered with large cinnamon-coloured russet specks, with a large patch of the same round the stalk and in the basin of the eye. Eye, small and open, with erect acute segments, set in a deep basin. Stalk, about half an inch long, stout and woody, inserted in a deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish, rather firm, sometimes coarse-grained, melting, very juicy and rich, sweet, and with a fine rose-water perfume.
One of the best pears; ripe in the middle of November.
Raised at Flushing, Long Island, in the United States.