This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, rather large; pyriform. Skin, marked with pale cinnamon-coloured russet, much in the way of Marie Louise. Eye, large and open, with long leafy segments, set in a considerable depression. Stalk, an inch long, curved, stout, and obliquely inserted on the end of the fruit by the side of a fleshy lip. Flesh, fine-grained, buttery, and melting, very juicy and richly flavoured.
A very large, roundish obovate fruit, very much covered with rough brown russet, and which is in use from March till May. It is esteemed as of first quality on the Continent, but it never comes to much in our climate.
Maroit. See Jaminette.
Marotte Sucré. See Passe Colmar.
Fruit, large; obtuse pyriform. Skin, bright green, changing to yellowish as it attains maturity, with a brownish tinge on the side next the sun, thickly covered with dots, which are green on the shaded side and brown or grey on the other. Eye, small and open, set in a wide, even, and shallow basin. Stalk, an inch and a quarter long, inserted on the apex without depression. Flesh, white, crisp, and with a pleasant sugary flavour.
A dessert pear; ripe in November and December. Excellent when grown against a wall and in a warm, rich soil, otherwise it is worthless. The tree is vigorous and fertile, succeeds well either on the pear or quince; but the fruit being large and liable to be blown down in high winds, it should never be grown as a standard. This was a great favourite in the last century.
Marquise d'Hiver. See Marquise.
Fruit, medium sized; pyriform or obtuse pyriform. Skin, entirely covered with cinnamon-coloured russet on the shaded side, and bright red next the sun, strewed with whitish grey dots. Eye, small and open, set in a plaited undulating basin. Stalk, an inch and a half long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, breaking, rather dry, but sweet and perfumed; and when grafted on the quince becomes very gritty.
In use from November to January; generally considered a dessert pear, but more fit for stewing and preserving. The tree is very vigorous and fertile, grows well either on the pear or quince, succeeds well as a standard. The Martins are perhaps the earliest varieties grown amongst us; they are mentioned among the fruits delivered into the Treasury by the fruiterer of Edward I., in 1292, and were at that time valued at 8d. per pear.
Martin Sec de Champagne. See Martin Sec. Martin Sec d'Hiver. See Martin Sec.
Fruit, medium sized; pyriform. Skin, smooth at first, bright green, but changing to a fine deep lemon-yellow, with a faint blush of red next the sun, which is sometimes very bright, and at others quite wanting. Eye, small and open, with acute dry segments, and set almost even with the surface in a small basin. Stalk, an inch to an inch and a half long, fleshy at the base, and inserted in a small cavity between two fleshy lips. Flesh, crisp, sweet, and perfumed.
A stewing pear; ripe in December and January, and more fit for stewing than for dessert. The tree is vigorous and fertile, succeeds well as a standard, either on the pear or quince.
Matthews's Eliza. See Groom's Princess Royal.