This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, above medium size, two and a half to three inches wide, and three to three and a quarter inches in length; obtuse pyriform, uneven in its outline. Skin, smooth, glossy green, changing as it ripens to pale yellow or greenish yellow, the whole strewed with brown dots, and a few patches of russet. Eye, open, with long segments, set in a rather deep and uneven basin. Stalk, stout, an inch and a half long, curved, and obliquely inserted in a small cavity, where it is fleshy at the base. Flesh, tender, crisp, sugary, and juicy, with a sort of rose-water aroma.
A second-rate dessert pear, in use from January till April. The tree is strong, vigorous, and healthy, a good bearer, and succeeds either on the pear or quince, but requires to be grown against a wall in this country to bring the fruit to perfection.
According to Switzer, this variety was introduced from France to this country about the year 1708, at which period it was cultivated by "the noble and most public-spirited encourager of arts and sciences, especially gardening, his Grace the Duke of Montague," in his garden at Ditton. It was grown for upwards of a hundred years in this country as St. Martial, which appears to have been the most ancient name, but it appears now to have fallen out of cultivation. This is an old French pear, which is first mentioned by Merlet in 1690, and subsequently by De la Quintinye. I suspect it was introduced to this country by George London, who was a pupil of De la Quintinye. It is a worthless pear for the dessert. A variety I received some years ago from Mr. Langelier, of Jersey, under the name of Charles Smet, has proved to be identical with this; and, as M. Decaisne has also found it to be identical, I do not hesitate to adopt it as a synonyme.
Angelique de Languedoc. See Angelique de Bordeaux. Angelique de Pise. See Angélique de Bordeaux.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and a half long; obovate. Skin, rough, of a pale yellow colour, and sometimes tinged with light red on the side next the sun. Eye, very small, placed in a narrow and shallow basin. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, stout, and inserted in a very slight depression. Flesh, yellowish, tender, and crisp, slightly gritty, with an abundance of rich sugary juice.
A dessert pear of second-rate quality; ripe in October. The tree succeeds well as a standard, and may be grown either on the pear or quince stock.
Angelique de Toulouse. See Angélique de Bordeaux.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters long, and two inches and a quarter broad; of pyriform shape, or sometimes inclining to oblong-ovate. Skin, greenish yellow, but so thickly covered with pale brown russety dots that little of the ground colour is visible, except in those parts where they are less dense; on the side next the sun it is marked with a tinge of brownish red. Eye, open, with long linear segments, placed almost even with the surface, or in a very shallow depression. Stalk, from an inch to an inch and a half long, slender, inserted without depression. Flesh, white, delicate, buttery, and melting, very juicy, sugary, and richly flavoured.
A very excellent dessert pear; ripe in the beginning of October, but it rarely keeps above a fortnight, when it begins to decay, generally at the stalk. It should always be gathered green, and it then will keep for a fortnight ripening in succession.
The tree is a strong grower, and an abundant bearer on the pear stock; but on the quince, although it is an early bearer, it soon languishes and dies. It succeeds well as a standard, but prefers a light and warm soil.
Although this has acquired on the Continent the names of Poire d'Angleterre and Beurré d'Angleterre, it is not a sort that has ever been grown to any extent in this country, nor has it even an English name, except that given it by Lindley, which is only a translation from the French. It is a variety grown extensively about Paris for the supply of the markets, where it may be seen, about the middle and end of September, exposed for sale in large quantities - it is, in fact, quite the pear of the Paris costermonger. There is great confusion about the synonymes of this pear; Forsyth very absurdly makes it synonymous with Brown Beurré.
Angleterre à la St. Denis. See Anyleterre. Angleterre des Chartreux. See Angleterre.
Angleterre d'Eté. See Angleterre.