This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and three inches and a quarter long; pyriform, and rounded at the apex. Skin, smooth, of a clear citron yellow colour, and marked with yellow spots. Eye, open, set in a rather shallow and plaited basin. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, and obliquely inserted without depression. Flesh, very white, fine, delicate, and crisp, with a sweet and agreeable flavour, but after maturity soon becomes mealy.
A culinary pear, of good quality, in season from November till March. The tree may be grown either on the pear or the quince, but does best on the pear. It bears well as a standard, and is of free and vigorous growth.
The fruit is pyriform, two and a half to three inches long. Skin, pale yellow, covered with small red dots on the side next the sun, and the whole surface thickly sprinkled with cinnamon-coloured russet. Eye, open, and placed level with the surface. Stalk, an inch to an inch and a half long, inserted on the end of the fruit. Flesh, white, buttery, and melting, juicy, sweet, and pleasantly flavoured.
A good second-rate pear; ripe in the end of September and October.
Fruit, large, three inches and a half wide, and four long; obovate, narrowing towards the stalk and the crown. Skin, rough to the feel, from being considerably covered with rough, scaly russet, on a bright green ground. Eye, small and open, with flat spreading segments, and placed in a wide and rather shallow cavity. Stalk, stout, three-quarters of an inch to an inch long, not depressed, but placed on the end of the fruit, sometimes with a protuberance on one side of it. Flesh, greenish immediately under the skin, finegrained, half buttery, melting, and juicy; briskly flavoured, but without much aroma.
A good dessert pear, but hardly of first-rate quality. It is ripe in the end of September, and continues during October. The tree does not attain a large size, but is very productive, and succeeds well as a standard.
It is said to have been raised by Professor Van Mons about the year 1830, and received its name from the circumstance of the stem inclining to grow in a horizontal manner, and requiring the aid of a stake to keep it upright; but according to M. Lesueur's statement, which we extract from M. Decaisne's Jardin Fruitier du Museum, it is not a seedling of Van Mons, but was raised by M.Léon Leclerc, and propagated by Van Mons in 1833.