Suffolk Thorn

Fruit, medium sized; roundish turbinate. Skin, pale lemon-yellow, covered with numerous small dots and irregular patches of pale ashy grey russet, which are most numerous on the side next the sun. Eye, very small and open, set in a deep basin. Stalk, short and stout, not deeply inserted. Flesh, yellowish white, exceedingly melting, buttery, and juicy, with a rich sugary juice, exactly similar in flavour to Gansel's Bergamot.

A most delicious pear; ripe in October. The tree is quite hardy, and an excellent bearer, forming a handsome pyramid on the pear stock. At Teddington Mr. Blackmore says it is "a very good pear, but rather small." On the Weald of Sussex Mr. Luckhurst says "the fruit is sweet, juicy, and has some aroma, but is quite second-rate in flavour."

This was raised from Gansel's Bergamot by Andrew Arcedeckene, Esq., of Clavering Hall, Suffolk.

Sugar Pear. See Amiré Joannet.

Summer Archduke (Amiré Roux; Archduc d'Été; Brown Admiral; Grosse Ognonnet; Ognonnet Masqué)

Fruit,medium sized; turbinate. Skin, smooth and shining, pale lively green, changing to yellowish green as it ripens, and covered with dark red next the sun, covered with numerous russety dots and a few patches of russet. Eye, open, with short dry segments, set in a shallow depression. Stalk, about an inch long, stout, and inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, whitish, juicy, and melting, with a fine aromatic and rose-water flavour.

Ripe in the beginning of August. The tree is vigorous and hardy, a good bearer, and succeeds well as a standard.

The Summer Rose is also called Ognonnet.

Summer Bell. See Windsor.

Summer Bergamot

Fruit, small; roundish. Skin, yellowish green, with brown red next the sun. Eye, set in a wide and shallow depression. Stalk, an inch long, inserted in a narrow cavity. Flesh, juicy, sweet, and well-flavoured, and soon becomes mealy.

A dessert pear of very ordinary merit; ripe in August.

This is not the Summer Bergamot of Miller and Forsyth, but is what is grown in the nurseries about London under that name.

Summer BeurrÉ D'Aremberg

Fruit, small, two inches wide and the same high; turbinate, even and smooth in its outline. Skin, entirely covered with a thin crust of cinnamon-coloured russet. Eye, wanting segments, very deeply set in a narrow hole. Stalk, long, stout, and fleshy, curved and inserted without depression. Flesh, yellowish, very buttery, tender, melting, and very juicy, sweet, richly flavoured, and with a musky aroma.

An excellent pear, which ripens in the middle of September.

It was raised by Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth, and was sent to me in 1863, the first year in which it produced fruit.

Summer Bon ChrÊTien (Florence d'Été; Gratioli; Gratloli di Roma; Saffran d'Été)

Fruit, large; pyriform, very irregular and bossed in its outline. Skin, yellow, with a tinge of pale red next the sun, and strewed with green specks. Eye, small, set in an uneven, shallow basin. Stalk, two inches and a half long, curved, and obliquely inserted in a knobbed cavity. Flesh, yellow, crisp, juicy, sweet, and pleasantly flavoured.

An inferior fruit; ripe in September. The tree is tender, subject to canker, and requires a wall to bring the fruit to maturity. If grown as a bush tree, the fruit is good for culinary purposes.