BeurrÉ Bretonneau (Bretonneau; Calebasse d'Hiver; Dr. Bretonneau)

Fruit, large; more or less pyriform. Skin, rough, with brown russet, which considerably covers the greenish yellow ground, and sometimes with a brownish red on the side next the sun. Eye, uneven, set in a moderately deep basin. Stalk, an inch long, stout. Flesh, yellowish white, and when it ripens crisp, juicy, and well flavoured.

A late dessert pear; in use from March till May, but it rarely ripens except in very warm summers, and when it does the flesh is generally crisp, or at best only half melting. Mr. Blackmore says it never ripens at Teddington.

Raised by Major Esperen, of Malines, and dedicated to Dr. Bretonneau, an eminent physician at Tours, who died in 1862.

BeurrÉ Bronze

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters long, and two inches and a half wide; roundish turbinate or Bergamot-shaped. Skin, yellowish green, almost entirely covered with bronzy brown russet, marked with a blush of dull red next the sun. Eye, small, open, set in an even and rather deep basin. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, set in a wide cavity, and surrounded with a fleshy ring. Flesh, white, tinged with green, tender, buttery, and melting, with a rich vinous and sugary flavour.

An excellent pear, ripening from October to January. The tree is vigorous and hardy, a good bearer, succeeds well as a standard, and may be grown advantageously on the quince. Mr. Blackmore says it never ripens at Teddington.

Beurre Burnicq

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a quarter wide, and nearly three inches high; obovate. Skin, rough, from a covering of thick russet, and strewed with grey specks, but displaying patches and mottles of the yellow ground colour, especially on the shaded side. Eye, quite open, with erect, acute segments, set in a saucer-like depression. Stalk, half an inch long, fleshy at the base, and inserted on the end of the fruit without depression, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, greenish white, buttery, and melting, with a powerful aroma.

An inferior pear; ripe in the end of October.

BeurrÉ De Caen

Fruit, long, pyriform, of the shape of Bishop's Thumb. Skin, very much covered with brown russet, showing here and there a little of the yellow ground colour. Eye, small and open. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, set on the apex of the fruit. Flesh, coarse-grained, and not of remarkable flavour.

In use in February. Mr. Blackmore says he has found it quite useless.

Beurré Canibron. See Glou Morçeau.

BeurrÉ Capiaumont (Aurore; Beurré Aurore; Capiaumont: Calebasse Vasse)

Fruit, medium sized; obtuse pyriform. Skin, pale yellow in the shade, almost entirely covered with fine cinnamon-coloured russet, strewed with numerous grey specks and with reddish orange shining out through the russet on the side next the sun. Eye, large and open, with short, erect, stiff segments, set almost even with the surface. Stalk, an inch long, fleshy at the base, and inserted at the extremity without depression. Flesh, pure white, delicate and fine, buttery and melting, with a rich, vinous, and sugary flavour.

A dessert pear of good quality; ripe in October. The tree is hardy, vigorous, and an abundant bearer, and succeeds well as a standard on the quince. It is well adapted for the northern parts of our island, where I have seen it bearing abundantly as a standard.

It was raised from seed by M. Capiaumont, a druggist of Mons, in 1787, and it appears as No. 315 in Van Mons' catalogue, "Capiaumont : parson patron."