Citron Des Carmes (Gros St. Jean; Madeleine; Early Rose Angle)

Fruit, below medium size; obovate. Skin, smooth and thin, at first bright green, but changing to yellowish green, and with a faint tinge of brownish red next the sun, strewed with grey dots. Eye, small, closed, set in a shallow depression. Stalk, an inch and a half to two inches long, inserted without depression by the side of a fleshy prominence. Flesh, pale yellowish white, delicate, very juicy and melting, with a sweet, pleasant, refreshing flavour.

An excellent early pear; ripe in July and August, and very liable to crack on the surface. The tree is hardy and an abundant bearer, succeeds well as a standard, and thrives well on the quince stock. Mr. R. D. Blackmore says "it cracks and rots at Teddington," and that he has had it ripe there on 10th of July.

It is one of the best early pears, and receives its name, Madeleine, from ripening about St. Magdalene's Day, July 22nd, and also from being first seen in the garden of the Carmelites at Paris. Sometimes the Bourdon is confounded with this pear, as is the case by Switzer.

Citron de Septembre. See White Doyenne. Clairgeau. See Beurré Clairgeau. Clairgeau de Nantes. See Beurré Clairgeau.

Clapp's Favourite

Fruit, medium sized, three inches and a quarter long, and two and a half wide; pyriform or long obovate, even and symmetrical in its outline. Skin, green at first on the shaded side, and dull red on the side next the sun, but as it ripens the green becomes fine yellow, and the red bright crimson streaked with darker crimson, the colouring being very similar to that of Louise Bonne of Jersey. Eye, rather large and open, set in a narrow and shallow depression. Stalk, very stout, thickest at the insertion, and tapering to the end, nearly an inch and a quarter long, and rather obliquely inserted. Flesh, white, crisp and juicy, sweet, with an agreeable brisk flavour, like that of Green Chisel and such early pears.

A good early pear; ripe in the middle of August, but it must be eaten as soon as gathered, as it soon becomes mealy. An American pear, raised by Mr. Thaddeus Clapp, of Dorchester, Mass., U.S.A.

Colmar (D'Auch; Bergamotte Tardive; Colmar Dorée; De Maune)

Fruit, above medium size; obtuse pyriform. Skin, smooth, pale green, changing to yellowish green, and strewed with grey russety dots. Eye, large and open, clove-like, with long segments, and set in a rather deep depression. Stalk, an inch to an inch and a half long, stout, curved, and inserted obliquely in an uneven cavity. Flesh, greenish white, buttery, melting, tender, and with a rich sugary flavour.

An old and highly esteemed dessert pear; ripening in succession from November to February or March. The tree is hardy and vigorous, and requires to be grown against a wall, otherwise the fruit becomes shrivelled and insipid. Mr. Blackmore says that at Teddington it is not worth growing.

This seems to have made its appearance about the same time as the Chaumontel, for Merlet says it has not been long about Paris, and is yet pretty rare; but so good a fruit cannot be long in a few hands.