This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, medium size; obovate-turbinate. Skin, yellowish green in the shade, almost entirely covered with thin russet, which is again covered with dots and patches of coarser russet; and next the sun dull red streaked with livelier red, mottled with orange, and thickly strewed with large grey russety dots. Eye, open, full of stamens, with rigid incurved linear segments, which are covered with white down, and set in a shallow, round, and somewhat undulating basin, which is covered with scales of a white russet. Stalk, short, stout, and fleshy, particularly at the base, and obliquely inserted, with a fleshy protuberance connecting it with the fruit on one side of it. Flesh, white, half buttery, juicy, sugary, and perfumed.
This variety is of Scotch origin, having been raised in the neighbourhood of Perth, for which climate it is admirably adapted, as it is there a valuable autumn dessert pear.
Crapaut. See Bergamotte Bufo.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish, and flattened. Skin, greenish yellow, marked all over with veins and dots of grey russet. Eye, small and open, with short, acute segments, set in a deep, round, and narrow basin. Stalk, two inches to two and a half long, slender and curved, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, white, buttery, melting, tender, and of a rich sugary flavour and fine perfume.
A dessert pear; in use from November to December. The tree is vigorous and healthy, succeeds well either on the pear or quince stock, but needs a wall to bring the fruit to perfection. It requires a rich light soil It is not a good bearer, and requires to be pruned long.
The Crasanne is a pear which formerly enjoyed a high reputation; but since the rush of new varieties which began with the present century it has long since been superseded. At Teddington Mr. Blackmore finds it flat and watery.
Fruit, below medium size; obovate. Skin, greenish yellow, changing to pale yellow as it ripens, with sometimes a tinge of brownish red next the sun. Eye, open, with short dry segments, and set even with the fruit. Stalk, an inch long, inserted without depression. Flesh, white, buttery, juicy, with a sweet and refreshing flavour.
A dessert pear; ripe in the middle of August. The tree is very hardy and vigorous, and bears abundantly.
This is the earliest Scotch pear, and is grown over the whole extent of the country. It is a much superior pear to the Citron des Carmes.
Fruit, medium size; oval, roundish at the stalk, narrow towards the eye, where it is flattened. Skin, greenish yellow, covered with large brown dots and markings of russet. Eye, large, open, with long recurved segments prominently set, even with the surface. Stalk, an inch and a half long, curved, and frequently connected with the fruit by a fleshy protuberance. Flesh, juicy, sweet, and perfumed.
A dessert pear; ripe in October. The tree is a most abundant and regular bearer, and succeeds well as a standard.
This is a seedling raised by Mr. T. A. Knight.