This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, very large, three inches and a half high, and the same wide; roundish obovate, or Doyenne-shaped. Skin, lemon-coloured, covered with large rough russety dots. Eye, open, placed in a shallow basin. Stalk, short and stout, inserted in a narrow cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, tender, very melting, and juicy, with a fine brisk vinous juice, and a delicate, agreeable perfume.
A handsome pear of good quality if eaten before it is too ripe; it is in use in October. At Teddington, Mr. Blackmore says, "it is fine-looking, very fertile, but not good." On the Hastings Sand formation of the Weald of Sussex, Mr. Luckhurst finds it "a fine pear, sweet, brisk, with a tolerably rich flavour, and an agreeable aroma."
Fruit, large, three inches wide, and three inches and a half high; pyramidal or obovate, sometimes rather uneven in its outline. Skin, lemon-yellow, with a greenish tinge, considerably covered with speckles and patches of pale brown russet, and particularly so round the eye and the stalk. Eye, small and open, with short, pointed segments, set in a considerable depression. Stalk, half an inch to an inch long, fleshy at the base; sometimes curved, and inserted in a round narrow cavity; sometimes very short and stout, and obliquely inserted almost at right angles with the fruit. Flesh, yellowish white, very tender, buttery, and melting, very juicy, rich, sweet, and delicately perfumed with a sort of cinnamon flavour.
A most delicious pear; in use in the end of October, and continuing throughout November. M. Andre Leroy recommends that to preserve this as long in use as possible it is necessary to gather it early and dry; and after placing it in the fruit-room to handle it as little as possible.
The tree is a healthy grower and a very good bearer. It forms handsome pyramids on the quince. Mr. R. D. Blackmore, writing from Teddington, says, "This is, to my mind, the best of all pears; very healthy, a certain cropper, of beautiful growth, and surpassing flavour. I have grown it to the weight of 14 oz. on heavily cropped trees. But on a wall it is far inferior." Writing from the Weald of Sussex, Mr. Luckhurst, of Oldlands, says, "It is a most delicious pear, very sweet, rich, melting, and juicy."
This valuable pear was raised in the Garden of the Cornice Horticole at Angers, and the original tree first fruited in 1849.
Doyenné Crotté. See Bed Doyenne.
Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish obovate, or Doyenné-shaped, bossed at the stalk end, and generally larger and longer on one side of the axis than the other. Skin, yellow, very much covered with cinnamon-coloured russet on the side next the sun, and more thinly on the shaded side. Eye, rather large and wide open, with long and broad segments, which are quite flat and reflexed, and set in a shallow depression. Stalk, about an inch long, set in a deep, wide, and furrowed cavity. Flesh, tender, buttery, melting, and very juicy, rich, sugary, and vinous, with a fine musky aroma.
A most delicious pear; one of the best. Ripe in December. The tree is hardy, and a good bearer.