This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, large, and obovate. Skin, pale yellow, almost entirely covered with yellowish brown russet on the shaded side, and reddish brown on the side next the sun. Eye, open, set in a small shallow basin. Stalk, an inch long, inserted in a rather deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, buttery and melting, rich and sugary.
To have this excellent pear in perfection it should be gathered before it is thoroughly ripe, otherwise it is very inferior in quality.
This was discovered by Van Mons in the village of Deftinge, in Flanders, in 1810, and he brought it into notice by distributing grafts among his friends.
Fruit, medium sized, obovate. Skin, greenish at first, but changing to yellow as it attains maturity, and thickly strewed with russety dots, which are thickest on the side next the sun. Eye, open, with short segments, set in a small and shallow basin. Stalk, an inch and a half long, inserted by the side of a fleshy swelling. Flesh, yellowish white, crisp, sweet, and perfumed.
An excellent stewing pear; in use from November till March.
Fruit, large; obovate, and handsomely shaped. Skin, lemon-yellow, with tinges of green over the surface, marked with patches of yellowish brown russet. Eye, small and open, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, long, fleshy at the base, and obliquely inserted without depression. Flesh, white, very tender, fine-grained, and melting, very juicy, sugary, and aromatic.
A delicious autumn pear; ripe during September and October. On the Hastings Sand formation of the Weald of Sussex, Mr. Luckhurst says, "the fruit is large and handsome, of most delicious flavour, and is one of our best October pears."
Fondante des Bois. See Flemish Beauty.
Fruit, medium sized; pyriform. Skin, thin, smooth, and shining, bright green, changing to yellowish green as it ripens on the shaded side, and red, mottled dark blood red, next the sun, marked with grey dots. Eye, small and open, with slightly incurved segments, and set in a slight depression. Stalk, an inch and a half long, fleshy at the insertion, in a shallow depression. Flesh, white, firm, and crisp, and of a sweet, pleasant, and rose-water flavour.
A dessert pear, of no merit; ripe in September. The tree is very vigorous, and an excellent bearer; succeeds well as a standard either on the pear or quince stock, particularly the latter, as it checks to a great extent its excessive vigour.