I have for some time been working on a Classification of Pears, but from want of an opportunity of meeting with any great number of specimens, in consequence of the bad seasons we have recently had in England, I have been unable to make much progress in arranging the numerous varieties described in this work in their proper places. I have thought it advisable, however, to publish an outline of my system, in the hope that others may be able to apply its principles as opportunities offer for classifying such fruits as may come under their notice.

The system is based upon the proportions of the two diameters of the fruit as exhibited when a section is made longitudinally through the eye, the core, and the stalk, thus -

A. - The length from the base of the stalk to the base of the cells greater than from the base of the cells to the base of the eye.

§ 1. Length from the base of the stalk to the base of the eye greater than the lateral diameter.

Examples.

Beurré Capiaumont Beurré Clairgeau

Glou Morceau Vicar of Winkfield

§ 2. Length from the base of the stalk to the base of the eye less than the lateral diameter.

Examples.

Beurré d'Aremberg Henriettc

Zephirin Louis Henry IV.

§ 3. Length from the base of the stalk to the base of the eye equal to the lateral diameter.

Examples.

Aglaё Grégoire Alexandre Bivort

Lewis

B. - Length from the base of the stalk to the base of the cells less than from the base of the cells to the base of the eye.

§ 1. Length from the base of the stalk to the base of the eye greater than the lateral diameter.

Examples.

Bellissime d'Hiver Sieulle

Besi de Caissoy Bonne de Soulers

§ 2. Length from the base of the stalk to the base of the eye less than the lateral diameter.

Examples.

Bergamotte Esperen Duchesse d'Angoulême

Easter Beurré Crasanne

§ 3. Length from the base of the stalk to the base of the eye equal to the lateral diameter.

Examples.

Beurré d'Anjou

Green Chisel

C. - Length from the base of the stalk to the base of the cells equal to that from the base of the cells to the base of the eye.

§ 1. Length from the base of the stalk to the base of the eye greater than the lateral diameter.

Examples.

Prince Imperial Verulam

Sylvange

Michel l'Archange

§ 2. Length from the base of the stalk to the base of the eye less than the lateral diameter.

Examples.

Beurré Esperen Doyenné du Cornice

Doyenne Goubault Monarch

§ 3. Length from the base of the stalk to the base of the eye equal to the lateral diameter.

Examples.

Belle de Bruxelles Huyshe's Victoria

Urbaniste Onondaga

It sometimes happens in this as in all classifications that the same fruits vary in structure in such a way as#to make them referable to different sections. Thus Beurré Diel has sometimes the characteristics which include it in either Class 13, § 2, or Class C, § 1; and Joséphine de Malines is found in Class B, § 2, and also in Class C, § 2, but these occur so seldom that they do not materially interfere with the usefulness of the arrangement.