Early Orleans (Grimwood Early Orleans; Hampton Court; Monsieur Hâtif; Monsieur Hâtif de Montmorency; New Orleans; W'ilmot's Early Orleans; Wilmot's Orleans)

Fruit, medium sized; round, flattened at the apex, and marked with a suture, which extends the whole length of one side. Skin, deep purple, mottled with darker colour, and covered with thin blue bloom. Stalk, slender, about half an inch long, inserted in a rather deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish green, tender, of a rather flat flavour, and separating freely from the stone.

A second-rate dessert plum, but excellent for culinary purposes; ripe in the beginning and middle of August. Shoots, downy.

Early Rivers (Rivers's Early Prolific; Rivers's No. 2)

Fruit, medium sized, roundish oval. Skin, deep purple, covered with thin bloom. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, yellowish, juicy, sweet, with a pleasant brisk acidity, separating from the stone.

A valuable early plum; ripening in the end of July. The tree is a great bearer, and very hardy, rarely ever missing a crop. Shoots, smooth, with very light down.

The original tree throws up suckers, which, when removed and planted out, do not bloom for several years; but scions taken from the original tree and grafted, bloom the second year. A curious fact is that the grafted trees fruit abundantly, and the branches are so brittle they break off; in those raised from suckers the branches never break. The grafted trees in spring are full of bloom, sparing of shoots, and very few leaves; the suckers are more vigorous in growth, have no bloom, but an abundance of foliage, even when six years old.

It was raised by Mr. Thomas Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth, from Précoce de Tours, about the year 1834, and with his permission I adopted the nomenclature by which I hope this variety will henceforth be known.

Early Royal. See Royale Hâtive.

Early Russian. See Quetsche.

Early Scarlet. See Cherry.

Early Transparent Gage. See Rivers's Early Apricot.

Early Yellow. See White Primordian.

Edouard SÉNÉClauze

Fruit, very small and obovate, being narrow towards the stalk. Skin, a clear golden yellow. Flesh, very tender, sweet, and very richly flavoured, separating freely from the stone.

A very early plum; ripe in the last week of July. Shoots, downy.

Egg Plum. See White Magnum Bonum.

Emerald Drop

Fruit, medium sized; oval, marked with a deep suture, which is higher on one side than the other. Skin, pale yellowish green. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted in a very shallow cavity. Flesh, greenish yellow, juicy, sweet, and of good flavour, separating from the stone.

Ripe in the end of August and beginning of September. Shoots, smooth.

Empress. See Blue Impératrice.

Eugene FÜRst (Sweet Damson)

Fruit, small and obovate, like a Prune Damson, both in size and shape. Skin, dark purple, covered with a very dense bloom. Flesh, yellow, with red veins pervading it, juicy and sweet, with the austerity of the Damson, subdued by luscious sweetness, and separating from the stone.

It ripens in the end of August, when it shrivels and becomes quite a sweetmeat. Shoots, smooth.

Fair's Golden Drop. See Coe's Golden Drop. Farleigh Castle. See Pond's Seedling.

Fellemberg. See Italian Prune. Florence. See Red Magnum Bonum. Flushing Gage. See Prince's Imperial. Fonthill. See Pond's Seedling. Fotheringay. See Fotheringham.