This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, medium sized; obovate, with a well-defined suture, which is higher on one side than the other. Skin, deep reddish purple on the side next the sun, and bright red where shaded, covered with thin blue bloom. Stalk, an inch long, not deeply inserted. Flesh, pale greenish yellow, not juicy, sugary, with a pleasant subacid flavour, and separating from the stone.
An excellent dessert plum; ripe the middle of August. The young shoots are smooth. The tree is hardy and vigorous, and an excellent bearer; succeeds well against a wall or as an espalier, and should be grown as a dwarf rather than as a standard, as the fruit is very apt to fall.
This is a very old variety, and is doubtless of English origin, as it has not been identified with any of the Continental varieties. It was cultivated by Sir William Temple, at Sheen, and according to Switzer was by him named the Sheen Plum; but its origin is of a much earlier date, as it is mentioned by Rea as early as 1665.
Franklin. See Washington.
Frost Gage. See Frost Plum.
Fruit, small; oval, and marked with a distinct suture. Skin, deep purple, strewed with russet dots, and covered with a thin bloom. Stalk, about three-quarters of an inch long. Flesh, greenish yellow, juicy, sweet, and rather richly flavoured, adhering to the stone.
An excellent little plum; ripe in October. The tree is a great bearer. Shoots, smooth.
Fruit, very large; roundish oval, marked with a slight suture. Skin, deep golden yellow, marbled with greenish yellow. Stalk, long, inserted in a shallow cavity. Flesh, pale yellow, coarse, not very juicy, sweet, and of a good flavour, and separating from the stone.
A preserving plum; ripe in the beginning and middle of September. Shoots, smooth.
German Quetsche. See Quetsche.
Fruit, rather below medium size; roundish oval, marked with a distinct suture. Skin, greenish yellow, but changing as it ripens to fine amber, with a few crimson spots, and numerous grey russet dots interspersed. Stalk, half an inch to three-quarters long, inserted in a very shallow cavity. Flesh, yellow, firm, coarse-grained, and not very juicy, briskly acid, with a slight sweetness, and separating from the stone.
A cooking plum; ripe in the middle of August. The tree is an early and abundant bearer. Shoots, downv.
Gisborne's Early. See Gisborne's.
Gloire de New York. See Hulings's Superb.
Golden Drop. See Cue's Golden Drop.
Fruit, large; oval, and sometimes roundish oval, with shallow suture on one side. Skin, thin and transparent, pale yellow, with a greenish tinge, on the shaded side, and of a fine golden yellow, with crimson spots, on the side next the sun. Stalk, short and stout, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, yellow, very juicy, with a sweet and rich sugary flavour, separating freely from the stone.
A very handsome and first-rate dessert plum; ripe in the end of August. Shoots, smooth.
Golden Gage. See Coe's Golden Drop.