This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, medium sized; round, and marked with a shallow suture. Skin, deep purple, speckled with russet and covered with blue bloom. Stalk, an inch long, set in a shallow cavity. Flesh, firm, rather coarse, sweet, and briskly flavoured, adhering to the stone.
A culinary plum; ripe in the middle of September. Shoots, smooth. The tree is an abundant bearer.
New Orleans. See Early Orleans.
Fruit, medium sized; obovate. Skin, thick, membranous, and bitter, of a deep purple colour, almost black, and covered with blue bloom. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, firm, pale green, changing to yellow as it ripens, sweet, juicy, and briskly flavoured, separating, but not freely, from the stone.
Duhamel says there is a round plum which is sometimes known by this name which is larger, of the same colour, and ripens at the same season as this, but is inferior to it, and coarser in the flesh.
Noire Hâtive. See Précoce de Tours.
Fruit, very small, about the size of a Bullace; quite round, inclining to oblate. Skin, dark purple, covered with a thick, clear, light blue bloom. Stalk, short, hairy. Flesh, greenish yellow, firm, sweet, and richly flavoured, but not juicy, separating from the stone.
A beautiful little plum, which is ripe in the beginning of October. It will hang till it shrivels, when it becomes like a raisin, which it much resembles in flavour. Shoots, slightly hairy.
Fruit, above medium size; oval, marked with a faint suture and with a distinct style-point. Skin, thick, dark violet, almost black next the sun. Stalk, about three-quarters of an inch long. Flesh, yellowish, firm, juicy, and very sweet and rich, adhering to the stone.
A first-rate plum; ripe in the end of September and beginning of October. Shoots, smooth.
Fruit, medium sized; round, somewhat flattened at the ends, and marked with a suture, which is generally higher on one side than the other. Skin, tender, dark red, becoming purple when highly ripened, and covered with blue bloom. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted in a considerable depression. Flesh, yellowish, tender, sweet, and briskly flavoured, separating from the stone.
A second-rate dessert plum, but excellent for preserving or culinary purposes; ripe the middle and end of August. The young shoots are downy. The tree is hardy, and an excellent bearer. The fruit varies much in quality, according to the situation in which it is grown, some soils producing it of an insipid flavour. It has been found that a light, warm, sandy soil is best suited for it. It is also much improved by being grown against a wall.
This is the Prune Monsieur of all the Continental authors except Knoop, who applies the name to a variety which he says is larger and more yellow than the White Magnum Bonum. Miller and Forsyth also apply the name to Dame Aubert of Duhamel, which is known in this country as the Magnum Bonum.
It is not known at what period the Orleans was introduced to this country, or how it came to receive the name. It is not named by Parkinson or Rea, neither is it mentioned in the lists of Meager, Evelyn, Mortimer, or Worlidge. The first notice I can find of it is in Carpenter's edition of The Retired Gardener, in 1717, after which it is described by all subsequent writers.