This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, medium sized; oval, narrowing towards the stalk, flattened on one side, where it is marked with a distinct suture. Skin, dark purple, dotted with grey dots and veins of russet, and covered with blue bloom. Stalk, an inch long. Flesh, firm, juicy, sweet, and brisk, separating from the stone.
A culinary plum; ripe in the end of September. Shoots, smooth.
Quetsche d'ltalie. See Italian Prune.
Fruit, an inch and three-quarters in diameter; quite round, and with a faint suture. Skin, bright grass-green, mottled with broken green streaks of a darker colour, and with scarcely any bloom. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, very slender, inserted in a wide and rather deep cavity. Flesh, green, briskly acid, and adhering to the stone.
An American plum, ripe in the middle and end of September, said to be very good in the United States, where it is also said to be a freestone; but from the fact of its being of inferior flavour and a clingstone with us, it is evident that our climate is not suitable to it. It was raised by Mr. C. Reagles, of Schenectady, New York, from seed of Washington. Shoots, smooth.
Fruit, medium size, two inches in diameter; round, rather flattened at the apex, and with a very shallow suture. Skin, yellowish in the shade, mottled and streaked with thin red; and on the side exposed to the sun it is entirely covered with thin pale red, with mottles of the yellow ground colour shining through. Stalk, an inch long, rather stout, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, yellow, with thin hair-like white veins, orange sweet, rather dry, pasty, and without much flavour; separating freely from the stone.
An inferior dessert plum, but useful for cooking; ripe in the beginning of September. The tree is luxuriant and the young shoots are smooth.
Red Damask. See Orleans.
Red Diaper. See Diaprée Rouge.
Red Fotheringham. See Fotheringham.
Red Imperial. See Red Magnum Bonum.
Flesh, large; oval, and narrowing a little towards the stalk; marked with a distinct suture, one side of which is frequently higher than the other. Skin, deep red where exposed to the sun, but paler in the shade, strewed with grey dots, and covered with blue bloom. Stalk, an inch long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, greenish, firm, rather coarse, not very juicy, briskly flavoured, and separating from the stone.
A culinary plum; ripe in the beginning and middle of September. The young shoots are smooth. The tree is very vigorous and hardy, and an excellent bearer as a standard.
This plum has been cultivated in this country since the time of Parkinson, being mentioned by him and all subsequent English authors under the name of Imperial or Red Imperial, and is first called Red Magnum Bonum by Langley.