This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, large; roundish, with a well-defined suture, which extends on one side the whole of its length. Skin, light purple, strewed with small yellow dots next the sun, and of a pale red colour in the shade, and thickly covered with blue bloom. Stalk, about three-quarters of an inch long, stout, and inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, greenish yellow, delicate, very juicy, and richly flavoured, adhering to the stone.
St. Barnabe. See White Primordian.
Fruit, medium sized; obovate, being widest at the apex, and tapering towards the stalk, with a well-marked suture on one side, which is deepest towards the stalk, and terminating at the apex in a small depression. Skin, pale yellow, and when ripened dotted with red, thick, and adhering to the flesh, covered with pale bloom. Stalk, slender, three-quarters of an inch long, inserted in a narrow cavity. Flesh, yellow, delicate, and melting, with a rich sugary and sprightly flavour, adhering to the stone.
A very excellent old French plum, which is highly esteemed either for dessert use, for preserving, or drying; ripe in the middle of September. Young shoots, smooth. The tree is a vigorous grower, and an excellent bearer. It succeeds well as a standard, and when grown against a wall the fruit will shrivel and dry, forming an excellent prune. It is then considerably larger than from a standard, when it is rather dry and very apt to be shaken down by high winds before it is ripe.
Fruit, medium sized; roundish oval, frequently somewhat heart-shaped. Skin, thin, greenish yellow, strewed with red dots and flakes, and sometimes with a red blush on the side next the sun. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a narrow cavity. Flesh, yellow, tender, melting, and juicy, rich and delicious, separating from the stone.
Fruit, medium sized; obovate. Skin, brownish purple, covered with pale blue bloom. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a small narrow cavity. Flesh, greenish, adhering to the stone, with a brisk, sugary, and pleasant flavour.
A good plum for preserving, and not unworthy of the dessert; ripe in October. Young shoots, downy. The tree is scarcely ever cultivated for the fruit, but it forms one of the best stocks on which to bud peaches, nectarines, and apricots. It is not so generally cultivated in this country for that purpose as the Brussels and Mussel Plums, but on the Continent the preference is given to this variety. The fruit has the property of hanging on the tree till it shrivels, when it may be eaten as a sweetmeat. It does well also for drying artificially.
St. Martin Rouge. See Coes Late Bed.