This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, large; roundish ovate, with a very faint suture on one side, but which near the stalk is deep and well defined. Skin, dull yellow, mottled, and clouded with green, but when fully ripe it changes to deep yellow, marked with crimson dots, and covered with pale bluish grey bloom. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, slightly downy, and inserted in a wide, shallow cavity. Flesh, yellow, firm, separating from the stone, and of a rich, sugary, and luscious flavour.
One of the best of plums, considering all its qualities; ripe in September. The young shoots are downy. The tree attains a large size, is hardy, a vigorous grower, and an abundant bearer. It succeeds well as a standard, and may be grown either on an east or south-west wall, but does not succeed well on the south aspect.
The original tree was produced in the city of New York. It originated as a sucker from a grafted tree, and was purchased as a sucker by a Mr. Bolmar, in Chatham Street, from a market woman. He planted it, and in 1818 it produced fruit. It was introduced to this country in 1819 by Robert Barclay, Esq., of Bury Hill, and in 1821 it was sent by Dr. Hosack to the Horticultural Society.
A medium sized oval yellow plum, resembling Coe's Golden Drop in form and colour.
It was found at Waterloo, in Belgium, and brought into notice by Dr. Van Mons. It is a clingstone, and ripens in the middle of September.
Waterloo of Kent. See Bush. Wentworth. See White Magnum Bonum.
Fruit, small; roundish oval, marked on one side with a shallow suture, which is swollen on one side. Skin, bright fiery red next the sun, pale yellow in the shade, and covered with thin white bloom. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, greenish yellow, firm, and adhering to the stone, and of a sweet and subacid flavour.
A very old dessert plum; ripe in the middle and end of August. The young shoots are smooth and slender; the tree is a small grower but an excellent bearer.
Fruit, medium sized; obovate, marked on one side with a faint suture, which terminates at the apex in the slight depression. Skin, bright yellow with occasionally a few red spots, and covered with thin white bloom. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, yellow, firm, crisp, and juicy, almost transparent, sweet, and separating freely from the stone; when too ripe apt to become mealy.
A plum of second-rate quality; ripe in the beginning and middle of September. The shoots are smooth, short, and slender. The tree is not vigorous nor a large grower, and requires the protection of a wall, of which it is unworthy.
Fruit, of the largest size; oval, with a rather deep suture extending the whole length on one side. Skin, thick and membranous, and adhering to the flesh, deep yellow, and covered with thin white bloom. Stalk, an inch long, and inserted without depression. Flesh, yellow, firm, coarse-grained, with a brisk subacid flavour, and adhering to the stone.
A culinary plum highly esteemed for preserving; ripe in September. The young shoots are smooth. The tree is a strong and vigorous grower and bears well either as a standard or an espalier, and when grown against a south wall the fruit is considerably improved both in size and flavour.
White Mirabelle. See Mirabelle Petite. White Mogul. See White Magnum Bonum.