This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
A large dark maroon-coloured plum, excellent for preserving and other culinary purposes. It will keep sound for three weeks after being gathered. It is in use from the end of September till the middle of October.
In a communication received from Mr. George Bunyard, of Maidstone, he says, "It is of no value for flavour, but is a remarkably free bearer for market. It is an Orleans-shaped plum similar to the Mitchelson's in size, and is of value because the tree is so hardy and robust and does not split and break about as many do when they bear a full crop. I have seen a tree which has many times borne 20 bushels. From what I gather the Waterloo is the same kind which, owing to superior culture, soil, and situation, comes larger than usual."
Do Catalogne. See White Primordian.
Fruit, medium sized; cordate, somewhat flattened at the stalk, and terminated at the apex by a small nipple, which bears upon it the remnant of the style like a small bristle. Skin, very thick and pale red, covered with small greyish white dots. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, slender, and inserted in a small cavity. Flesh, yellow, sweet, juicy, and subacid, adhering to the stone.
It may be used in the dessert more as an ornamental variety than for its flavour, but it makes excellent tarts. Ripe in the beginning and middle of August. The young shoots are smooth, slender, and thickly set with buds.
This is the Primus myrobalana of Linnaeus. It is frequently grown in shrubberies and clumps, as an ornamental tree, where in spring its profusion of white flowers render it an attractive object.
Fruit, medium sized; ovaly and rather widest at the stalk, and the suture scarcely discernible. Skin, purple, thickly covered with blue bloom, and separating freely from the flesh. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, and attached without depression. Flesh, deep yellow, firm, brisk, and with a sweet, agreeable flavour, separating freely from the stone.
It is one of our oldest recorded varieties, being mentioned by Parkinson and Rea. Lindley, and, following him, some subsequent writers, cite the Matchless of Langley as synonymous with this variety; but the Matchless, of that and all English authors who have mentioned it from Rea downwards, is a white or light yellow variety, and consequently cannot be the same as the Cheston.