S. A. Nutt, crimson. Alphonse Ricard, orange scarlet. J. J. Harrison, fine scarlet. W. P. Simmons, orange scarlet. Beaute Poitevine, clear Salmon. Frances Perkins, clear pure pink; the best pink we know; grand habit.
Large, Compact Trusses of Bloom Well Above the Foliage.
Prokop Daubeck, light scarlet; best variety for vases.
Ernest Lauth, rich shade of red; extra good.
La Favorite, pure white.
Jean Viaud, bright rosy pink, a splendid one for pot culture for Memorial day.
John Doyle, a very fine bright scarlet.
Le Soliel, a slight improvement on the well known S. A. Nutt.
White Queen, a very fine semi-double white.
Athlete, bright scarlet.
General Grant, bright scarlet; one of the very best for large beds.
Mrs. E. G. Hill, salmon; a grand truss.
Rev. W. Atkinson, deep, bright scarlet.
Mme. Lavalle, rosy salmon.
Dryden, white and rosy pink; a splendid bedder.
Richmond Gem, a beautiful shade of scarlet with a distinct white eye; most attractive.
John Salter, white and light salmon.
J. P. Cleary, vivid dark scarlet; one of the best bedding geraniums.
Mrs. A. Blanc, magnificent variety; shaded apricot red.
Souv. de Charles Turner, deep pink; fine grower.
Jeanne d'Arc, fine double white.
Pere Crozy, scarlet; erect in habit.
Then we have a double as well as semi-double pale pink, most useful.
Rose Leaf, indispensable for cutting.
Lady Plymouth, variegated rose leaf, and a few each of the nutmeg and lemon scented.
Variegated, Bronze and Tricolor.
Mountain of Snow, pure white and green leaf; a most desirable plant.
Mme. Salleroi, compact variegated plant; excellent for an edging.
Happy Thought, very attractive; dark green, white center.
Mrs. Parker, variegated foliage; double pink flower.
Marshal McMahon, fine bronze, with distinct dark zone.
Golden Bedder, rich, golden leaved.
Mrs. Pollock, beautiful tricolor leaf; best of its class.
We have in Mars a distinct type of geranium, very dwarf and compact, the flowers of a pleasing salmon shade. It makes a very neat pot plant, or edging to a flower bed, and is a wonderfully free bloomer.
Little Pink is semi-double, growing not over six inches, a pure pink, and very valuable for edging.
It costs little to try a few of any of the newer varieties sent out by reliable houses, and if they do well in your soil and locality increase your stock. There was a time, about twenty years ago, when the writer could pick out forty varieties of double and single zonal geraniums by their leaves. Any one can do it by the flower, but the leaf is different. Times have changed, and although we can pick out many other things now, we have lost track of the varieties of geraniums, but I trust not how to grow them with profit to ourselves and pleasure to our customers.
This would be a good place to say something about a geranium cutting. It is remarkable to see the poor judgment (or is it carelessness?) of some men in such a simple thing as making cuttings. We have been told that cutting at a joint was not at all essential; don't believe it. Cuttings will root, of many kinds of plants, an inch below a joint, but not as surely. At a joint is where the wood is most firm, and if you left a piece of sappy, succulent stem an inch long below a joint it is more likely to get overcharged with moisture, the walls of the cells are ruptured, decay commences and the stem turns black. If cut at a joint this is not so likely to occur. When I say at a joint I mean an eighth to a fourth of an inch below.
Then again you will see men denude a cutting of all the leaves except the small, undeveloped ones, and others will leave three or four large leaves, so that if put into the sand or potted they would be just a mass of leaves unless you placed them far apart. These mistakes are not always by the boys or beginners, but by men who ought to know better. It is carelessness, want of brains and want of thought.
Now, this pleasant little operation of making cuttings should go quickly. They should pass through your hands as quickly as the half-dollars drop into the ticket office of Forepaugh 's circus, but be properly done, withal. The cutting exists largely on what the leaf absorbs from the atmosphere and sends down material to form the root. (These remarks of course apply to soft-wooded cuttings that are in active growth.) So do not pull off all the geranium leaves. Leave one perfect leaf and one half developed; that will allow you to stand the small pots close together.
If it was any sacrifice of material to cut just below a joint there would be some reason for not doing it, but there is none. Neither the piece above the joint you leave on the parent plant or the piece you leave below the joint of the cutting is any good, and whoever thinks it takes longer to cut in the proper place is mistaken; a practiced eye and hand fixes on the proper spot in a moment.
We are well aware that tea roses root very well an inch or two below a joint, but no better, and they are hardly soft-wooded plants.
While I have stated just how I would trim a geranium cutting, that is no guide to the hundreds of other soft-wooded plants we grow. With many of the smaller-leaved kinds a number of leaves can be left on, perhaps the more the better for the rooting process, but if too many leaves were allowed you would soon fill up your propagating bed, and to crowd the cuttings, covering the sand densely, is just the way to produce fungus on the surface of the sand, which is a calamity and often results in serious loss.
With the great majority of the soft-wooded plants we propagate during winter and spring. The heliotrope, agera-tum, fuchsia, etc., the verbena, for example, root quicker and surer when the cutting is quick grown, succulent and brittle. I have endeavored to mention the condition of cutting best suited for propagation with every plant for which I have given cultural directions.
Geraniums in Pots on a Florists' Lawn.