Finish all that remains to be done of summer pruning of all trained fruit trees and vines, as in the last two months; destroy all irregular and unnecessary after-shoots, and train in a requisite supply of well-situated shoots, for bearers next year, 48 and 86.
Examine the fruit trees that were inoculated last month, and wherever a bud has failed, insert another upon the smooth part of the bark. Budding generally succeeds well if done by the middle of this month, 26.
Keep Raspberry beds clear of all straggling suckers; tie up such shoots as are adapted for next year's bearers to neat stakes, and keep the ground clear of weeds, 134.
Strawberry beds should be kept clear of weeds, and the runners may be taken from some kinds to make new plantations with, 137.
If dry weather prevail, as is generally the case at this season, hoe frequently between such young trees, shrubs, etc, in the nursery beds, as are well rooted; and water those which were recently transplanted.
As numerous species of insects are engendered by the excessive heat which generally prevails at this season of the year, efforts should be made to destroy them. By a general search every morning and evening, the increase of some species may be checked, and by perseverance, they may be totally eradicated. See pages from 18 to 21 of the first part, and pages 13, 30, 84 and 156 of the third part, for directions how to proceed.
Many of those reptiles that take up their abode in the earth may be annoyed by frequent sowings of compost over the surface of the land. The various kinds of bitter and acrid substances recommended in the chapter containing 'Observations on Insects and the Diseases of Fruit Trees,' page 13, are not only adapted to the destruction of insects, but the use of them in this way, will produce an incalculable benefit to the land, and in many cases preclude the necessity of using any other manure.
The ingredients alluded to consist of ashes, charcoal dust, plaster of Paris, tobacco dust, lime, salt, soot, pepper, potash, saltpetre, snuff, and sulphur. The proportions may be as follows: Of the first four articles, half a bushel of each; of the next three, a peck of each; and of the last five, say one pound of each; which will make together three bushels of compost.
As all land possesses inorganic matter, which contains more or less of the elements comprised in the above remedies, and as some land contains more of one element than another, a judicious choice may be made from the above list, with a view to suit all the various kinds of soil; thus, in locations open to sea breezes, which replenish the earth with salt", that article may be dispensed with, and another substituted; and on land which is not susceptible of being improved by lime, perhaps the salt may be beneficial; but it is presumed that in most cases a compost made of all, or as many of the different articles as are attainable, would produce a lasting benefit to land in general, by sowing, say at the rate of a bushel per acre, once a week, at those seasons of the year when it will avail most in the destruction of reptiles and insects; and as the primary object of using the compost is to prevent our fruits from being destroyed, it would prove most effectual if sown out of a wagon, from which, in passing between the trees, the leaves could bo dusted. See pages 19, 89 and 104, of the first part.