Defend choice fruit from birds and insects, such as wasps, flies, &c; the birds may be kept off by nets, and the insects may be decoyed and drowned, by placing phials of strong liquor, honey, or sugared water near the fruit.
If annoyed with ants, place cuttings of reed, hollowed elder or anything of a tube-like kind, in which they will harbour, and may be destroyed by dipping the tubes in hot water.
If mildew appear on Grape Vines, syringe them with water, in which a small quantity of saltpetre and stone lime has been infused, (it need not be over strong.) To prevent any injurious effects from the lime, the vines may be syringed alternately with the liquid and pure water, each two or three times a week. A little sulphur dusted over while the leaves are wet is also a good remedy, 14.
Look over your trained Fruit Trees and Grape Vines; stop the shoots before the bunches of fruit, and train up such shoots as are reserved for bearing next year. Nip off curled and dead leaves, and destroy insects, 22 and 86.
Fig Trees against fences or on trellises will require attention; train up as many young shoots as will be required for bearers next year, and if the leaves are thick, take some off, with a view to expose the fruit to the influence of the 6un, which is essential to its ripening with good flavour, 62.
Toward the end of this month is the proper season for budding the Nectarine, Peach, Plum, and other species of stone fruit. The Peach stock is often budded when only a year old, but the Plum stock is generally kept in the nursery two or three years 25.
A judicious pruning of Peach, Nectarine, and other kinds of young trees is necessary at this season. To prevent the long, straggling growth of limbs which are frequently bare of shoots for some distance from the body of the tree, such limbs should be shortened, which will cause the production of lateral shoots. An annual summer pruning is essential to the well being of a tree, as by shortening the wood of the preceding year's growth, a symmetrical tree containing a good supply of bearing wood may be formed. By this treat ment the longevity of a tree will be promoted, provided the work is done with judgment and care, so as not to render the tree impervious to the influence of the sun and air; for, be it remembered, that the head of a tree must always be kept moderately open, for the purposes of giving the fruit the best possible chance of ripening perfectly, 21, 34 and 48.