A seedling of the Catawba, raised by Mrs. Diana Crehore, of Boston. Fruit resembling the Catawba, but paler in colour; bunches loose; berries round, juicy, and fine flavoured: it ripens two weeks earlier than the parent.
This variety was found by Garret Gilbert, of the city of New York, on the Shonga Mountains in 1825, and planted in his garden. It is a great bearer, of similar habits with the Isabella, differing from that kind only in colour, and coming to maturity a little earlier.
This variety was introduced by Mr. Lenoir, of the Santee river, Carolina. Bunches large, very handsome; berries small, round; skin purple, with a light bloom; flesh tender, sweet, and excellent.
Bunches of medium size; berries small and round; skin black, with a little bloom; flesh tender, sweet, and pleasant.
The cuttings from which Mr. Longworth's first stock originated, were left at his residence by an unknown friend, in a cigar box. Bunches from six to ten inches long; berries round and small; skin thin, purple; flesh tender and melting: a good dessert fruit.
Raised by Dr. S. A. Shurtleff, of Pemberton Hill, Boston. Bunches large, often weighing a pound; berries oval, of medium size; skin thick, thick purple, with a grayish bloom; flesh firm, and of excellent flavour: the fruit is fit for the table in September.
A native grape found on the banks of the Uchee creek, Russell county, Alabama. The bunches are long, very compact, and of a jet black colour; the berries yield but little juice, which is extremely rich, and makes delicious wine without sugar.
Bunches short and close set; berries large, of a roundish figure; skin white, with some dark specks; juice sweet and rich: it is a great bearer, ripening its fruit early.
The Managers of the American Institute having at their nineteenth Annual Fair, held at Castle Garden, in the City of New York, awarded premiums for Native Wine, I here insert a copy of the Judges' Report.
The five kinds of wine described below, were sent by Mr. N. Longworth, of Cincinnati, Ohio, to whom a Silver Cup was awarded.
"No. 1.- A fine light wine, called 'Ladies' Wine,' with sugar added before fermentation; delicious in flavour, and will compete with foreign sweet wine.
"No. 2 - A light dry wine, from the Catawba grape: sound, of peculiar flavour, resembling that of Hock and of the Bouquet.
"No. 3.- A good dry wine, of pure juice, different vintage from the last described, but good sound wine, although not high flavoured.
"No. 4 - A dry wine from the pure juice of the Herbebont Grape. It is sound, of the peculiar flavour of the grape, and will without doubt be admired
"No. 5 - From the Missouri Grape, five per cent, brandy. The wine is thin in body, and wanting flavour, perhaps arising from our not having had a fair chance of tasting it at perfection, it having been recently shaken up."
A Silver Medal was awarded for each of the bottles described below.
A bottle of wine furnished by Mr. T. L. Prevost, Greenville, Greene county, was tested, which was represented to be.four years old. "A sort of Hock, of fine flavour, but in a state of fermentation, the sugar not being dissolved and the spirit formed."
A bottle from Mr. Charles Peabody, made by him from a native grape found on the banks of the Uchee creek, in Russell county, Alabama, was pronounced by the judges, "a pleasant wine, sweet, like Malmsey, and if no sugar has been added to the juice, as is represented, it is remarkable in its character."
It is recorded in the Southern Cultivator, "that some of the most celebrated wine connoisseurs of Columbus, describe the wine made from the Uchee Grape as having the body of Port, with a little of the Muscat flavour, and equal to the best imported."