Plantations of Strawberries may be made this month, either with runners or seedling plants, 137.
Protect your Grapes and other fruit from wasps and other insects; either decoy them with honey or sugared water, or hang nets over the fruit; some take the trouble of putting the bunches into crape or paper bags.
Grape Vines and espalier trees in general should be attended to, as directed in the previous summer months; by depriving them of all useless shoots and suckers, training in those branches intended for the next year's bearers, and destroying the eggs of insects, curled leaves, etc, 85.
Stone fruit, which will now be continually ripening, should be gathered while in full perfection, and not suffered to get over-ripe, so as to lose its peculiar flavour.
Ground allotted for the planting of fruit trees and vines the coming autumn, should be prepared this month, by digging, trenching, and manuring, where necessary, 8.
With a view to conquer the various kinds of insects and reptiles, persevere in the use of the remedies recommended last month. Gather up all fruit which falls from the trees, or turn geese enough into the orchard to eat it up, by which means the reptiles and their food are devoured at once. Hogs are the best scavengers, but they are too apt to do injury by rooting; they may, however, be let into the orchard a few hours each day, and watched, 13 and 124.
Besides the ingredients already recommended, there are others which may be used in various ways. Some may be dissolved in a hogshead allotted for the purpose, which on being kept filled with water, makes a solution well calculated to sprinkle on the leaves of trees, by means of a syringe or a portable garden engine. Others may be prepared of the consistency of paint, and applied to the body and limbs of trees with a brush; and some may be made into a composition, and used as an ointment at the time of pruning. The articles alluded to are beeswax, burdock leaves, cow dung, decoctions of elder, lamp-black, ley, soap-suds, soft-soap, tar, tallow, turpentine, urine, vinegar, walnut leaves, and whale oil soap, to which may be added such of the dry materials in our previous list as are dissoluble. See page 18 of the first part, and page 30 of the third part.
If any of my readers, from the prevailing prejudices alluded to in page 113, should feel disposed to abandon or root up any of the fruit trees which have been nurtured and esteemed by their forefathers, they are recommended before doing so to apply some of the preceding remedies, and also to follow the advice given in chapter the 13th and verse the 8th of St. Luke's Gospel, in reference to the barren fig tree, namely, "dig about it, and dung it." If after this, it should be necessary to "cut it down," get some scions of the same varieties from vigorous and healthy trees, and in-graft them on stocks, carefully raised, by which means the old fruits will have the same chance as the new varieties; but it will be generally admitted that a new broom sweeps clean, and that old things in general are too apt to be neglected. I would here avail myself of the opportunity of remarking, that so strong is the propensity of some persons to adopt novelties, that they often abandon some of the best productions of the garden in order to find room for other plants, merely because they are new, and which they cultivate with peculiar care; whereas, if the same attention was bestowed on the old inmates of their garden, they would prove the most worthy of being cultivated and perpetuated.