This section of the book is from the Guide To Hardy Fruits And Ornamentals book, by Thomas Joseph Dwyer, published in 1903.
Why They Should be Grown on Home Grounds.
These Dwarf Evergreens, quite all of them, too, are both desirable and interesting in the furnishing and adornment of the home grounds. In fact, we cannot get the best effect and pleasing results without them. We, of course, first need the large growing deciduous trees and evergreens for the frame work of our grounds, but for many little nooks and corners, as well as for the trimmings, and finishing touches, the Dwarf Evergreens are quite indispensable, as we cannot get harmonizing effects without them. Many of these Dwarf Evergreens, like the Retinosporos, Pines, and Arbor Vitaes, are most beautiful of themselves. This is particularly so of the Pines and Retinosporos which can often be planted singly or in clumps to good advantage. However, one of the grandest sights to behold is the proper selection of a quantity of the many different Dwarf Evergreens "grouped together," and so arranged that the varied characteristics of each individual member of the Dwarf Evergreen family is exposed in the best and most attractive manner. While collectively, with their many variegated sizes, shapes, forms and colors, they form such an admirable contrast that we at once become interested in them. On short acquaintance, they become our friends, then a companionship is formed, finally we fall in love with them -- a love that does not "wane," as it does with many other pleasures of life, with increasing age and infirmities, rather the love that grows firmer and stronger for the beauties of nature as we grow old. Never will we forget the words of our honored and lamented President McKinley to the attending nurse while nearing his end on his death bed at Buffalo: "Please do not lower the shades I want to look out upon the beautiful trees." This, one of his last expressions, served merely to strengthen the opinions -- if such a thing were, needed -- of the American people, regardless of political differences or affiliations, that he was a truly good and great man in every way.
* How to Plant
-- Dig the holes and plant in the same general way as for the standard evergreens. In clumping and grouping they can be planted from five to twelve feet apart. For illustration, the Junipers and Arbor Vitaes can be planted five feet apart, while the Retinosporos and Pines should be twelve feet apart. Dwarf Evergreens need not be pruned back when planting, and in fact, need very little pruning at any time, except when we wish to form them into an unnatural shape, then we can prune accordingly and without fear of injury. The proper time to trim back evergreens of all kinds is when our knife is sharp.