This section of the book is from the Guide To Hardy Fruits And Ornamentals book, by Thomas Joseph Dwyer, published in 1903.
Although there are many other flowering trees in cultivation, I have from personal observation selected the following as the most desirable from many points of view, requiring no special treatment, all being perfectly hardy and can be planted with safety in the most exposed situations, and can be adapted to large or small lawns with equally good results. It is not my intention to go into any lengthy detail in describing the different trees, but confine myself to simplicity and designate the maximum height, period of bloom, color of flower and peculiarity of foliage and growth:
* Catalpa Bungei (Chinese Catalpa).
-- A Chinese species, forming a perfect umbrella-shaped head, with thickly overlapped, large glossy green foliage, producing white flowers, margined with purple in July. Attains a height of ten feet.
* Catalpa Speciosa (Western Catalpa, Indian Bean).
-- An extraordinarily hardy tree; blooms in the early part of July; color of flower pure white, slightly tinged with a delicate shade of purple; leaves heart shaped and very large. Its rapid growth makes it valuable for lawn planting, making a tree forty feet high in a short time.
* Aesculus Rubicunda (Red Flowering Horse Chestnut).
-- Rounded form, dark green foliage; flowers very showy red, which remain in bloom from middle of May to first of June; very hardy and quite free from insects; very desirable for lawn or street planting, requiring no pruning. They will make beautiful specimens forty feet in height.
* Aesculus Alba flore pleno (Double White Flowered Horsechestnut)
-- Habit of growth pyramidal, bearing large panicles of double white flowers latter part of May; an admirable effect can be produced by grouping it with the Rubicunda, or as a lawn specimen it has no superior. I have seen this variety fifty feet in height, which was a sight to behold when in full bloom.
* Magnolia Macrophylla (Great Leaved Magnolia)
-- One of the most. magnificent trees in cultivation, possessing many features; foliage yellowish green, white beneath and two feet in length; flowers white and very fragrant, measuring ten inches in diameter and appearing in June. Tree medium size, rarely ever attaining a greater height than thirty feet. To insure growth the Magnolia should be planted in the Spring.
* Magnolia Tripetela (Umbrella Tree)
-- A medium sized tree with immense leaves and large white flowers, succeeded with crimson fruit cones, which give it a handsome appearance. Owing to its dense head it is valuable as a shade tree; maximum height forty feet.
* Magnolia Accuminati (Cucumber Magnolia)
-- A tree of unusual growth, attaining a height of sixty to ninety feet; leaves very attractive, nine inches long, with a peculiar shade of bluish green, flowers yellow tinted with purple and harmonizing nicely with the foliage; fruit when green resembles a cucumber. All things considered we think this variety as valuable as any of the species of the Magnolia family indigenous to America.
* Magnolia Conspicua (Chinese White Magnolia)
-- A medium sized tree of great beauty, valuable for planting on small lawns where space is limited; profuse bloomer; flowers very large and pure white; foliage of normal size. An additional feature of Magnolia Conspicua is its blooming before the leaves appear. It requires years for it to reach its greatest height -- fifteen feet.
* Magnolia Speciosa (Showy Flowered Magnolia)
-- Stubby while young, but becoming a fair sized tree with age; flowers white and purple, cup-shaped; foliage large glossy and massive; blooms a week later than any other Chinese variety and retains its flowers in perfect condition a great length of time.
* Magnolia Lennei (Lenne's Magnolia)
-- A superb variety and like the other varieties of the Chinese family it is a dwarf. Foliage very large and conspicuous; flowers deep purple and fragrant, which are borne when the tree is very young. These qualities combined with its hardiness render it very valuable.
- Prunus Padus (European Bird Cherry)
-- A rapid growing tree of great beauty; foliage glossy, flowers white and fragrant; especially adapted to small lawns; height thirty feet.
* Prunus Padus Flora Pleno (Double Flowered Bird Cherry)
-- A rapid pyramidal grower, producing double flowers; valuable as a specimen tree; height when fully grown, forty feet.
* Cercis Canadensis (American Judas Tree).
-- A very desirable tree for the lawn; perfect heart-shaped leaves. Before the foliage appears the tree is covered with reddish purple flowers; height from twenty to thirty feet.
* Cercis Japanica (Japanese Judas Tree).
-- A valuable addition to the list of medium sized trees; foliage deep green and smaller than the American species; flowers large and of a rich purple color; on account of its dwarf habit of growth it can be used to good advantage for grouping; rarely ever grows more than fifteen feet tall.
* Carnus Florida (White Flowering Dogwood)
-- A tree of spreading irregular form; the flowers, which are produced in Spring before the leaves appear, are white and very showy and remain in perfect condition a long time; height, sixteen to twenty-five feet.
* Carnus Flare Rubra (Red Flowering Dogwood)
-- A variety producing bright red flowers when quite young. Height, twenty to thirty feet.
* Crataegus Flare Pleno (Double White Thorn)
-- Deserves a place on every lawn; dense grower requiring very little space; foliage very attractive; flowers are white and double; season of bloom latter part of May to June; fifteen feet in height.
* Crataegus Caccinea Flare Pleno (Scarlet Thorn).
-- Flowers very double, having a beautiful scarlet shade; will thrive well in any soil; height from twelve to fifteen feet.
* Gymnacladus Canadensis (Kentucky Coffee Tree).
-- A fine native tree with rough bark and stiff, blunt shoots; foliage feathery, with a delicate bluish green color; very conspicuous as a lawn ornament; blooms in June. Height varies from thirty to forty feet.
* Kaelreuteria Paniculata (Varnish Tree)
-- A native of China; round headed and extremely hardy; foliage fine lobed; covered with a profusion of golden yellow flowers in July when most other trees are done blooming. Maximum. height forty feet.
* Liriodendron Tulipofera (Tulip Tree or White Wood).
-- A magnificent tree with bright green shining leaves; flowers large yellow, blotched with orange and green. This stately tree is one of our best native sorts; valuable for street planting; attains a height of fifty feet.
* Persica Vulgaris Flora Alba Pleno (Double White Flowering. Peach).
-- A small tree of remarkable beauty when enveloped with its double white flowers in Spring before other trees have begun to blossom.
* Persica Vulgaris Flora Rosea Pleno (Red Flowering Peach)
-- A sight worth looking at in Spring, every branchlet being covered with rose like flowers; valuable as a single specimen or for grouping with flowering shrubs.
* Ptelea Trifoliata (hop Tree)
-- A small tree of great beauty at all seasons of the year, having a peculiarly mottled bark and producing beautiful white flowers in June; a very interesting object in Autumn when it displays its hop-like seed pods; fifteen feet greatest height.
* Pyrus Malus Angustifolia (Bechtels Flowering Crab)
-- I cannot say too much in praise of this beautiful little tree; completely covered in early Spring with a double rose-like mass of bloom; fifteen feet in height.
* Pyrus Malus Parkmanni (Parkman's Double Flowering Crab).
-- A Japanese species of dwarf habit of growth; flowers are borne in clusters of a dark rose color; ten feet greatest height.
* Rhus Cotinus (Smoke Tree)
-- A small tree of fifteen feet in height, spreading to considerable extent and requiring more space than the ordinary medium size tree. It is a grand sight when in bloom in mid-sumer; its flowers are fringe or hair-like and resemble a cloud of smoke.
Virgilia Lutea (Yellow Wood)
-- One of the finest American trees of moderate growth; foliage, light green color, turning to a beautiful yellow in Autumn; very attractive in June when covered with racemes of white pea-shaped flowers.
* Amygdalus Communis Flore Rosea Pleno (Double Flowering Almond).
-- A vigorous, hardy tree, covered in May with double rose colored blossoms resembling small roses; rarely ever grows taller than twelve feet; valuable for planting in borders with flowering shrubs.
* Chionanthus Virginica (White Fringe)
-- A superb lawn ornament of rounded form and dwarf habit of growth; foliage large and glossy -- this feature alone should insure for it a prominent place on every lawn, but to add to its beauty in May and June it is covered with racemes of pure white flowers. I have seen specimens of this tree ten years old twenty five feet tall.
* Prunus Pissardi (Purple Leaved Plum)
-- A small tree of great value in the beautification of the home grounds; not like other purple leaved trees which are at their greatest beauty when the foliage first appears, the Prunus Pissardi improves its coloring effect as the season advances and is at its best in the late Autumn. It bears a profusion of small white flowers in Spring. It can be used advantageously as a specimen tree, for grouping with other trees and shrubs, or can be used with marvelous effect for hedging purposes; can be kept at any desired height; if allowed to grow it will reach its normal height, fifteen feet, in five years.
* Cytisus (Laburnum or Golden Chain).
-- A native of Europe, having a dark green bark; attractive as a lawn tree; foliage smooth and glossy. The name Golden Chain alludes to the drooping racemes of yellow flowers which cover the tree in June; makes a growth of thirty feet.