This section of the book is from the Guide To Hardy Fruits And Ornamentals book, by Thomas Joseph Dwyer, published in 1903.
These should be planted eight to ten feet apart, and deep enough to cover the union of the stock and scion. The trees: should be started with the branches one foot from the ground. They need to have the wood well thinned out each year and the leading and terminal branches kept well headed back. The maximum height of the trees should never be more than six to seven feet. Too much top growth and an over abundance of wood means short lived trees and small inferior fruit. Trees properly planted, pruned and kept under good cultivation will begin bearing a short time after being set out and will produce fruit superior in size and fully as good n every other way as the standard trees. In fact Dwarf Pears are the only dwarf species of tree fruits that have any practical value. They are comparatively productive and good regular fruiters, desirable for very many purposes. They are particularly valuable for those who wish to obtain fruit at the earliest possible period after planting. Well growing three year-old Dwarf Pear trees will often come into bearing the second year after being planted. The third year under favorable conditions they can be relied upon to bear a nice, choice lot of fruit. Each tree should produce from twenty-five to fifty samples, the quantity depending somewhat on the variety and the season These dwarf trees are often used as fillers between the Standard Pears, Apples and other tree fruits. They need but little room, and can, of course, be grown and fruited in most any odd corner of the garden or grounds. The fruit should be gathered ten days before it is ripe and placed in some cool, dark room. The principal use of the Dwarf Pear is for the home use, except in some special cases where they can be used to advantage as fillers. We would not recommend them for commercial orcharding. All varieties are not a success when grown as Dwarfs; We will follow with the names of the best for this purpose The fruit has already been described under the heading of the Standard Trees: Bartlett, Clapps Favorite, Tyson, Wilder, Beurre d'Anjou, Beurre Clairgeau, Duchess d'Angouleme, Kieffer, Louise Bone of Jersey, Seckel, Easter Beurre, Lawrence.