This section of the book is from the Guide To Hardy Fruits And Ornamentals book, by Thomas Joseph Dwyer, published in 1903.
The separate sprays hereafter named are to be used for many purposes. When their use is necessary on any of the trees, plants, vines or shrubs they will be referred to, and we will name the heading that will designate the one recommended.
* Ammoniacal Solution of Carbonate (For Leaf Blight or Rust)
-- Dissolve five ounces of copper carbonate in three pints of ammonia, dilute with water so as to make fifty gallons.
* Kerosene Emulsion (For Scale Insects)
-- Hard soap 1/2 pound, boiling water 1 gallon, kerosene 2 gallons.
* Green Arsenical Spray (Valuable for Leaf Roller, Slug, etc.)
-- Green arsenoid, 1 pound; water, 150 gallons; lime, 1 pound.
* Resin Lime Mixture (For Chewing Insects)
-- Pulverized resin, 5 pounds; concentrated lye, 1 pound; fish oil, 1 pint; water, 5 gallons.
* Kerosene and Water Mixture
-- For Scale Insects use a 15 per cent to 25 per cent. mixture; a 5 per cent. mixture is strong enough for soft bodied insects.
* Tobacco Water
-- Boil stems and strain liquid, add water to make two gallons of liquid to each pound of stems used; add 1 pound of whale oil soap to each 50 gallons. Valuable spray for rose bushes and hardy shrubs.
* Copper Sulphate Solution
-- Copper sulphate, 1 pound; water 25 gallons. For slugger on raspberry, blackberry and dewberry.
* Potassium Sulphate Solution
-- Potassium sulphate, 1 ounce; water, 1 gallon. Valuable for gooseberry mildew.
* Wash for Tree Trunks
-- Whale oil soap, 1 pint; slacked lime, 3 pints; water, 4 gallons, add wood ashes to thicken to the desired consistency. A preventative against insects that attack the trunk of trees.