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Town Planting And The Trees, Shrubs, Herbaceous And Other Plants That Are Best Adapted For Resisting Smoke | by Angus D. Webster



Having charge of the grounds of many public buildings in several of the worst smoke-infested parts of London, exceptional opportunities have been afforded me of getting together a list of the most suitable trees, shrubs, and other plants for withstanding the impurities of a town atmosphere and also of studying the conditions under which they may be most successfully cultivated. The need of such a work will be understood when it is stated that in the County of London alone there are 116 square miles of houses and streets.

TitleTown Planting And The Trees, Shrubs, Herbaceous And Other Plants That Are Best Adapted For Resisting Smoke
AuthorAngus D. Webster
PublisherGeorge Routledge & Sons, Limited
Year1910
Copyright1910, George Routledge & Sons, Limited
AmazonTown Planting: The Trees, Shrubs, Herbaceous And Other Plants That Are Best Adapted For Resisting Smoke

Town Planting And The Trees, Shrubs, Herbaceous And Other Plants That Are Best Adapted For Resisting Smoke

By

A. D. Webster

Author of " Practical Forestry" (4th Edition), " Foresters' Diary" (9th Edition) " Hardy Ornamental Flowering Trees and Shrubs " (3rd Edition), "British Orchids " (2nd Edition), "Greenwich Park," "Hardy Coniferous Trees," etc, etc.

With 16 Full-Page Plates

The London Plane Frontispiece

The London Plane Frontispiece

London: George Routledge & Sons, Limited.

London: George Routledge & Sons, Limited.

New York: E. P. Dutton & CO.

-Preface
This book is the outcome of an Essay on Town Planting for which the Royal Scottish Arboricultural Society awarded me their gold medal. Having charge of the grounds of many public buildings in sev...
-Chapter I. Town Planting
Probably no work connected with horticulture requires more judgment and good management than the planting of trees and shrubs in urban districts. The materials and soil of which streets and town garde...
-Chapter I. Town Planting. Continued
With the largely increased use of coal gas for cooking purposes, improved grates, and the better combustion of fuel, the atmosphere of certain districts of London has, however, become much less smoky ...
-Chapter II. Preparation Of The Ground
Generally speaking, the materials with which roadways are made are not only unsuitable for tree cultivation, but positively destructive to vegetation of almost every description. This also applies to ...
-Chapter III. Preparing The Trees, Planting, Fencing, And Staking
Trees intended for planting in towns, and especially alongside streets and footpaths, should be specially prepared in the matter of transplanting and pruning. As tree guards are a necessity in protect...
-Preparing The Trees, Planting, Fencing, And Staking. Continued
Fencing And Staking In order to prevent damage, newly planted trees should be fenced and staked at once. Of fences or guards there are many kinds: they are made of wood, wire, or iron. The iron tre...
-Chapter IV. Pruning Of Trees And Shrubs
Though timely and judicious pruning should never be neglected, yet the annual trimming to which many of the town trees and shrubs are subjected cannot be too strongly denounced. To annually prune and ...
-Chapter V. The Management Of Decaying Trees
The question of the management of old and decaying trees in urban and suburban districts is one of considerable importance, and which, possibly through ignorance, rarely receives the attention it dese...
-The Management Of Decaying Trees. Continued
Fungi On Trees These are certain signs of decay or the bad condition of a tree. Some affect only one tree, others extend to several species. A most destructive enemy of the Oak is Poly porus sul...
-Chapter VI. The Advantages Of Town Trees
Whether from an ornamental or sanitary point of view, the advantages of judiciously planted trees and shrubs in our larger centres of industry can hardly be over-estimated. That a quantity of healthy ...
-Chapter VII. The Best Trees To Plant
The London Plane (Platanus orientalis acerifolia) The London Plane (Platanus orientalis acerifolia) stands first in the category of select town trees, as it grows vigorously, and is well adapted fo...
-The Best Trees To Plant. Part 2
The Wood Street Plane Tree This famous tree, which stands at the left-hand entrance to Wood Street from Cheapside, marks the site of St. Peter in Chepe, a church which was destroyed by the Great Fi...
-The Best Trees To Plant. Part 3
The Weeping Ash Within a stone's throw of Liverpool Street Railway Station, and hemmed in by bricks and mortar, may be seen one of the handsomest and healthiest members of the Ash family that could...
-The Best Trees To Plant. Part 4
The Abele Poplar (Populus alba) The Abele Poplar (Populus alba) grows with great freedom where subjected to smoke and foul air. In the very heart of our largest towns, it may be seen flourishing in...
-The Best Trees To Plant. Part 5
The False Acacia (Robinia Pseud-Acacia) Probably no other tree can compare with the False Acacia for withstanding the prolonged heat and drought of our larger centres of industry - a fact that has ...
-The Best Trees To Plant. Part 6
The Sugar Maple (Acer saccharinum) The Sugar Maple (Acer saccharinum) is a handsome, hardy, and fast-growing tree of moderate dimensions, and one that can justly claim a place in any list of town t...
-The Best Trees To Plant. Part 7
Sophora Japonica Sophora Japonica is worthy of recommendation as a tree that is admirably suited for planting in towns. It is of large and rapid growth, with elegant dark green pinnate leaves. Bein...
-The Best Trees To Plant. Part 8
The English Yew (Taxus baccata) The English Yew (Taxus baccata) can hardly be recommended as a suitable tree for smoky localities, although in suburban districts it grows freely, and there forms a ...
-The Best Trees To Plant. Part 9
The Cucumber Tree (Magnolia Acuminata) Few planters are aware of how valuable the Cucumber Tree is for withstanding the grime and soot of large towns. Experiments have, however, resulted in this hi...
-The Best Trees To Plant. Part 10
The Evergreen Oak (Quercus Ilex) The Evergreen Oak (Quercus Ilex) cannot be recommended for planting in the most smoky of our larger towns, but the fact that it is able to stand a large amount of a...
-Coniferous Trees
Generally speaking, coniferous trees are ill-adapted for cultivation in our larger towns and cities, and occasionally one sees the Cedar, Cypress, and Austrian Pine; but their rusty, semi-leafless, ge...
-Chapter VIII. The Best Shrubs To Plant
As regards choice of town shrubs one must be guided greatly by the particular district in which planting is to be engaged, and it should be distinctly understood that all those recommended in the foll...
-The Best Shrubs To Plant. Part 2
Forsythia Viridissima Forsythia Viridissima is another deciduous shrub that can withstand the fumes and smoke of towns. It grows with the greatest freedom in very vitiated atmospheres, each spring ...
-The Best Shrubs To Plant. Part 3
The Venetian Sumach (Rhus Cotinus) This is a much neglected shrub, but for general usefulness can hardly be surpassed. It is highly ornamental, whether in flower or fruit, the feathery inflorescenc...
-The Best Shrubs To Plant. Part 4
The Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea) The Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea) is a good town shrub and valuable for its bark colouring, which is of the brightest red and most effective during the winter season. Th...
-The Best Shrubs To Plant. Part 5
The Wayfaring Tree (Viburnum Lan-Tana) This valuable shrub does not receive that amount of attention to which its merits entitle it. It succeeds well in some of the most filthy and smoky districts ...
-The Best Shrubs To Plant. Part 6
Koelreuteria Paniculata Koelreuteria Paniculata is a very handsome shrub or small-growing tree, particularly when in flower, and it is one of the best of town plants. In many of our most smoke-infe...
-The Best Shrubs To Plant. Part 7
Deutzia Scabra Deutzia Scabra is another neat-growing and highly desirable plant for the town garden. It flowers in such situations with unusual freedom, ripening its young wood well, and showing b...
-The Best Shrubs To Plant. Part 8
The Snowy Mespilus (Amelanchier Bo-tryapium) The Snowy Mespilus (Amelanchier Bo-tryapium), with its racemes of white flowers and desirable outline, is a valuable shrub for planting in towns. The fl...
-The Best Shrubs To Plant. Part 9
The Southernwood (Artemisia abrota-num) The Southernwood (Artemisia abrota-num) can also be recommended for planting where smoke and other impurities are present in the atmosphere. It is a small gr...
-The Best Shrubs To Plant. Part 10
The Butcher's Broom (Ruscus Aculea-Tus) Although having but small claims to an ornamental shrub, yet the fact that two species at least of Ruscus have been found suitable for town planting will be ...
-Chapter IX. Climbing And Wall Plants
Amongst climbing plants that are useful for covering walls and fences and at the same time capable of withstanding a town atmosphere, a few only are suitable. Where wall plants are to be used, special...
-Climbing And Wall Plants. Part 2
The Pyracantha (Cratcegus Pyracantha) The Pyracantha (Cratcegus Pyracantha) and the much to be preferred variety Lelandi are well suited for doing battle with the impurities of a town atmosphere, a...
-Climbing And Wall Plants. Part 3
The Rock Abelia (A. rupestris) The Rock Abelia (A. rupestris) has been tried with satisfactory results for covering portions of a bare wall in the metropolis. It is a neat little shrub with slender...
-Chapter X. Herbaceous Plants For The Town Garden
Although a fairly large number of herbaceous plants seem to succeed in smoky localities, yet the list of such as really thrive satisfactorily for a number of years without renewal is by no means a lon...
-Herbaceous Plants For The Town Garden. Continued
Rudbeckia Newmanii Rudbeckia Newmanii with its plentifully produced yellow flowers and dark centres is also of value for town gardening, and this may also be said of Statice Tartarica, which produc...
-Chapter XI. Rock And Alpine Plants For The Town Garden
Smoke and dust are bad enough, but when in addition, we have to contend with the London fogs, it is then that Alpine and rock plants fare worst. The chemical impurities of a foggy town atmosphere, whi...
-Rock And Alpine Plants For The Town Garden. Continued
The Foam flower (Tiarella cordifolia) The Foam flower (Tiarella cordifolia) is one of the best of town plants, where it not only looks healthy and happy, but rapidly increases and is by no means di...
-Chapter XII. Window Plants And Plants For Hanging Baskets
An excellent object lesson in the plants that are most suitable for gardening in the East End of London and other smoke-infested quarters may be seen at the Country in Town Exhibition which is held ...
-Window Plants And Plants For Hanging Baskets. Part 2
The Common Ivy The Common Ivy and several of the best cut-leaved varieties, particularly emerald gem, succeed well as pot plants in smoky parts of our towns, and for this reason they are largely us...
-Window Plants And Plants For Hanging Baskets. Part 3
Plants For Hanging Baskets It is surprising to what an extent basket plants are used for decorative purposes in the poorer quarters of London and other large towns. As window plants or for ornament...
-Chapter XIII. Bedding Plants
So-called bedding plants that are grown under glass and only planted out during Summer, when atmospheric conditions are most favourable for vegetation generally, naturally succeed well, especially if ...
-Bedding Plants. Continued
List Of Suitable Bedding Plants Begonias (especially the tuberous ones) Begonias (especially the tuberous ones), varieties of Zonal Pelargoniums, Salvias, Calceolarias, Fuchsias (many kinds), Ga...
-Chapter XIV. Water Plants
Several species of aquatic plants do well when planted in ponds and other waters throughout the metropolis, and the beauty of these in several of the lakes in the London parks testify to how well suit...
-Chapter XV. Lawns And Grass Plots
Every one who is interested in town gardening knows how difficult it is to keep the grass plot or lawn in a healthy and presentable condition. Too often, indeed, it wears a miserable appearance and is...
-Chapter XVI. Tree And Shrub Growth In London
When the confined situation and impurities of the atmosphere are taken into account, it is surprising to what a state of perfection certain trees and shrubs attain in London. In proof of this we may p...
-Tree And Shrub Growth In London. Part 2
Poplars Perhaps next to the Plane the trees that are found in greatest numbers throughout London are several species of Poplar, notably the Black Italian, the Lom-bardy, and the Balsam. Go where on...
-Tree And Shrub Growth In London. Part 3
All the Acacias (Robinia) All the Acacias (Robinia) are to be recommended for town planting, and may be found everywhere throughout the metropolis. Even during unusually dry and hot seasons when th...
-Tree And Shrub Growth In London. Part 4
The Stag's-horn Sumach (Rhus typhina) The Stag's-horn Sumach (Rhus typhina) may also be found widely distributed over London and thriving satisfactorily in many of the East End gardens, as also at ...
-Tree And Shrub Growth In London. Part 5
The Tulip Tree (Liriodendron tulipifera) The Tulip Tree (Liriodendron tulipifera) is another excellent subject for town planting and would appear to have a wonderful recuperative power; for, scorch...
-Tree And Shrub Growth In London. Part 6
Shrub Growth Amongst shrubs that may be seen in a more or less thriving condition in London, special reference may be made to the Aucuba, Privet, Euonymus, Sy-ringa, Colutea, Olearia, Forsythia, Os...
-Chapter XVII. Leaf Shedding
By the beginning of October many deciduous trees in our larger centres of industry have lost nearly all their leaves and wear quite a wintry appearance, while the foliage of others is comparatively gr...
-Chapter XVIII. Town Trees
For convenience, we have arranged the following lists in an alphabetical manner, so that anyone can see at a glance the trees and shrubs which are best suited for withstanding the deleterious effects ...
-Town Shrubs
Amelanchier botryapium. Ampelopsis Veitchii. Amygdalus nana. Arbutus Unedo. Arctostaphylos Uva-ursi. Aucuba japonica. Berberis aquifolia. Berberis vulgaris. Buddleia variabilis...
-Climbing And Wall Plants
Abelia rupestris. Ampelopsis Veitchii. Aristolochia Sipho. Ceanothus azureus. Clematis montana. Cotoneaster Simonsii. Crataegus Pyracantha. Crataegus Pyracantha Lelandi. Euo...
-Alpine And Herbaceous Plants For The Town Garden
Acanthus. Achillea. Agrostemma. Ajuga. Alyssum. Anchusa. Anemone. Antennaria. Arabis. Armeria. Arnebia. Artemisia. Asperula. Asters. Balsam. Borago. Cal...
-Plants For Hanging Baskets
Asparagus Sprengeri. Campanula isophylla alba. Campanula Mayii. Fuchsia, Golden Treasure. Fuchsia, procumbens. Geranium, Abel Carriere. Geranium, Galilee. Geranium, His Majesty th...









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previous page: A Practical Handbook Of Trees, Shrubs, Vines And Herbaceous Perennials | by John Kirkegaard
  
page up: Gardening and Horticulture Books
  
next page: Kitchen Gardening Made Easy | by George M. F. Glenny