9. Beet And Late Cabbage

2'

..................Beet and cabbage.................

....................Beet...........................

.........................Beet and cabbage..................

Sow early beets in May with rows as straight as possible. Cultivate with a horse. At the proper time, remove enough beet plants at intervals of 20 inches in alternate rows to set late cabbage plants. Any small early maturing crop may be substituted for beets.

10. Parsnip, Lettuce And Radish

...................Parsnip and lettuce...............

12"

......................Radish.....................

.....................Parsnip and lettuce...................

Seed of all these crops is sown early. After the radishes are sold, use horse cultivator. Care is required in cutting lettuce to avoid injury to parsnip.

11. Radish And Carrot

A Wisconsin grower sows early radish and carrot seed together in the same row. The radishes are removed before there is much injury to the carrot plants. Radish seed may also be used in the same way with salsify and parsnips.

12. Turnip And Radish

10"

........................Turnip....................

......................Radish...................

........................Turnip.....................

Both crops are sown early. The radishes will mature first.

13. Onions And Celery

12"

.....Onions.....

»

......................Onions...................

12"

.....................Onions...................

.....................Onions................

... Celery after bunch onions ...

This plan has been used extensively on muck soils in the growing of the green varieties of celery. Late celery is planted in every fifth row after the onions in that row are large enough to bunch. The other four rows are permitted to mature. When an early variety of celery is planted and boards are used for blanching, the celery rows need not be more than 2 feet (or less) apart. Then it will be possible to plant only one row of onions between the celery.

13. Radish And Early Celery

12"

....................Radish.....................

.................Radish followed by celery..................

...................Radish.....................

A very early variety of radish should be used so the roots will mature before it is time to plant early celery.

14. Onions And Asters

14"

.....................Onions...............

.....................Onions and asters..............

.......................Onions.................

A Wisconsin florist uses this unique plan. White Portugal onion seed is sown early to produce bunching onions. When there is no further danger of frost, asters are set 2 feet apart on the side of alternate rows. The onions are sold before there is any injury to the asters.

15. Onions And Cucurbits

Onions may be planted in rows a foot apart. At the proper time, plant musk-melons in every sixth row, or watermelons in every ninth row, or squashes every tenth or twelfth row, and space in the row as may be desired.

16. Lettuce And Celery

.......................Lettuce....................

12"

........................Lettuce..................

........................Lettuce.....................

.........................Lettuce....................

.........................Lettuce and celery........................

Soil should be very rich. Strong plants of lettuce are planted as soon as possible. Every fifth row is removed for early celery, or it may be possible to sell all the lettuce, and intercrop with beets, turnips or Other small, quick-maturing vegetables.

17. Tomatoes And Strawberries

4'-5'

S

2'

S

S

S

s

S

s

S

T

T

T

T

S

S

s

s

s

s

s

S

T

T

T

T

Strawberries, planted in the spring as soon as the ground is dry enough; tomatoes (for the late crop), planted in June. Used successfully by some New Jersey growers. It is claimed that the tomatoes do well and that the yield of strawberries the following season is not affected.

18. Beans And Strawberries

2«"

........................Beans.....................

......................Strawberries....................

........................Beans......................

The strawberries are planted early and bush beans at the proper time. This is a popular system at Norfolk, Va. After selling the snap beans the plants are plowed into the soil. Strawberries are grown in wide mat rows.

19. Sweet Corn And Late Squash

Early corn is planted in rows 2« feet apart. Every sixth row is left vacant and planted with squash. Watermelons may be substituted for squash. The corn fodder, after marketing the ears, is cut and shocked.

20. Beans And Cucumbers

2«'

.................Beans...................

.........................Cucumbers.....................

.........................Beans..................

Cucumbers are started under glass and transplanted at the proper time.

21. Tomatoes And Spinach

Drill spinach early in the spring in rows I foot apart. In every fifth row, set tomatoes 3 or 4 feet apart, and remove any spinach plants that may be in the way.

22. Strawberries And Sweet Corn

Set out strawberries very early in the spring, 2 feet between plants. When there is no further danger of frost, plant dwarf early sweet corn in the row between the strawberry plants.

23. Tomatoes, Peas And Corn

6"

....................Peas...............

.....................Peas......................

2«'

T

4"

T

T

T

2«'

....................Peas.....................

6"

...................Peas........................

Peas are planted early. Tomato plants are set after danger of frost. Peas are followed by an early variety of sweet corn.

24. Sweet Corn And Beans

16"

......... Early sweet corn .........

.................Late beans.................

......................Early sweet corn......................

Sweet corn is planted as soon as the weather will permit. Late bush beans are planted after the last cultivation of sweet corn. Fodder is cut and removed after the corn is sold.

25. Sweet Corn And Celery

2«'

..................Sweet Corn...............

.....................Celery................

....................Sweet Corn................

An early variety of sweet corn and late celery. Fodder is removed after the corn has been sold.

26. Raspberries (R), Peas And Beans

3'

R

3'

R

R

R

....................Peas and beans..................

3'

R

R

R

R

Plant early dwarf peas in new raspberry plantations and follow with late beans.

27. Asparagus And Sweet Corn

When an asparagus plantation is to be abandoned, a row of sweet corn may be planted July 1 between the rows of asparagus, and the asparagus destroyed by deep, frequent and thorough tillage.

28. Muskmelons (M), Potatoes (P), And Beans (B)

-------------8'-------------

3'

M ...

.. M.....

Beans

M

2«'

...................Potatoes...............

...................Potatoes.................

3'

M.....

Beans......

.. M .....

Beans.....

M

Do not plant bush beans closer than I foot from the muskmelons. Two hills of pole beans may be substituted for the muskmelons. Bush beans may be planted two weeks earlier than melons.

29. Corn And Beans

A New Jersey grower plants two or three beans with each grain of corn. The beans are marketed first and the yield of corn is apparently not affected.

30. Peaches And Tomatoes

Tomatoes are grown extensively in the young peach orchards on the eastern shore of Maryland.

31. Apples, Peas And Tomatoes

A New Jersey grower plants early peas in his young apple orchards. The peas are followed by tomatoes, and crimson clover is sown at the last cultivation of the tomatoes.

32. Cabbage And Tomatoes

.................Cabbage.................

...................Tomatoes.....................

..................Cabbage.............

Midsummer varieties of cabbage, planted early; late tomatoes, planted in June or earlier if climate requires earlier planting.

33. Fruit Trees And Peas And Beans

An excellent combination for young orchards is to plant peas early in the spring and follow with bush beans. The beans should be sold in the pod or allowed to ripen for dry shell beans.

34. Pole Beans (B), And Radish

4'

B • • •.

radish

• • • • B ....

radish

.... B

1'

....................Radish..............

1'

1'............................................Radish....................

1'

..................Radish................

B • • • •

radish

• • • • B ....

radish

• • • • B

This is a successful plan of cropping in Philadelphia County, Pa. Both crops are started at the same time.

35. Sweet Corn And Radish

1'

.....................Sweet Corn................

1'

......................Radish....................

......................Radish..................

................Radish..............

.................Sweet corn.............

Radish may be planted first or both started together.

36. Parsnip And Spinach

7"

.....Spinach....

7"

..................Parsnip............

.................Spinach..............

Both crops planted early.

37. Beans And Lettuce

...............Early bush beans...............

10"

.................Lettuce..............

10"

.............Lettuce...........

..............Early bush beans.............

Lettuce started under glass.

38. Cabbage (C), And Strawberries (S)

2«'

c

S 9"

c

S

c

S

c

c

C

c

c

c

C

c

c

S

c

S

c

S

c

This is a popular system at Norfolk, Va.: Early cabbage, planted very early in the spring or on the side of a ridge in the fall; strawberries, planted as soon as possible in the spring. Planting distances vary.

39. Beans And Cucumbers

..............Beans...............

26"

................Beans...............

26"

....................Cucumbers..................

..Beans..

.................Beans................

Planting distances are variable. Early bush beans are preferred.

Many other combinations of succession and companion cropping might be described, but it is hoped that the foregoing will be at least suggestive to those whose conditions are favorable for intensive types of gardening. This type of gardening appeals to owners of town and city lots and to commercial growers whose areas are limited. It necessarily involves a larger amount of hand work, and for this reason companion cropping is seldom practical where there is difficulty in securing laborers.