As so much of the success of grafting depends on excluding the air (Fig. 27). I give a few specially chosen recipes for covering materials.

A Good "Pug." - Mix clay, loam, and cow manure into a paste, chop up some hay and incorporate with it, or use a little hair. Have a pail of water handy. Wet the hands, and form a cone of "pug" round the graft.

A Good Wax. -

8 parts common resin, 3 parts red ochre, 3 parts tallow, 1 parts Burgundy pitch.

Pat the tallow in an old iron pot, break up the resin and pitch, and spread over it. Add the ochre, and "cook" for an hour, stirring well. Apply warm.

Another Good Wax.

7 parts Burgundy pitch, 7 parts black pitch, 3 parts yellow wax, 3 parts tallow.

Boil, stir, and apply warm as before.

If the grafter wants to avoid the trouble of wax-making, he should writs to a seedsman for a tin of L'homme Lefort's Mastic.

Fig. 27. Covering fruit tree grafts to exclude air.
Fig. 27. Covering Fruit Tree Grafts To Exclude Air


A, claying: p, stock; q, q, q, scions; r, clay.

B, waxing: q, stock; r, wax along the side, covering the lower part of the, scion, to be continued along the cleft; s, scions.