These may be trained and pruned very much like Gooseberries, except that when six or eight main branches are established, a rigorous spurring may be practised, and young wood prevented from extending. Most pruners do this in winter, and I am well aware that on the farms it is almost impossible to attend to the bushes at any other time, owing to the available labour being so much in demand for urgent tasks. All the same, I have proved the efficacy of summer pruning to my own complete satisfaction, and I urge it on all who can spare the time. A pair of secateurs or a knife may be employed, and I have set a willing boy to work with a pair of strong scissors with good results. The summer pruning should consist in shortening the breastwood to about half a dozen leaves, and the winter work of spurring these in to a couple of buds (see Fig. 18).
A, portion of a branch: a, leading or continuation growth; b, point of shortening the leader to cause buds to start at the base; c, side shoots; d, point of shortening to induce spur formation close to the branch; e, natural spurs; f, growths from spurred shoots of the previous year; g, points of shortening; h, artificial spurs, or those produced close to the branch as a result of shorten ing shoots in previous year.
B, portion of branch similar to A, after pruning: i, one year wood; j, two years wood; k, three years wood.
C, standard Red Currant: l, side of head unpruned, but marked by cross lines for pruning; m, side of head after pruning.
D, bush of Red Currant: n, side of bush before pruning, but points of cutting indicated by cross lines; o, side of bush after pruning.