The bush system is admirably suited for Apples on the Paradise, Pears on the Quince, Cherries on the Mahaleb, and Plums on the Mussel. Selections of varieties of all these, adapted to different soils and situations, will be given later. For the present, let it suffice to give a little attention to the tree. A bush Apple is procured by cutting down a, maiden tree about two-thirds of its length, leaving six or eight buds, which break into growth, giving a leader and side branches. Such a specimen may be bought from a nursery as a two-year old. The shoots should be thinned to three or four and cut hard back when growth starts. In a years time this tree will have six or eight blanches, and with one more shortening its form will be thoroughly established (Fig. 3). It will be a well-branched, well-formed tree, with clean, healthy growths and fruit spurs already forming freely. The subsequent pruning will be dealt with later on, but it may here be said that these trees may be planted 8 feet apart, and there need be no difficulty in keeping them within bounds and in full fruitfulness for many years.