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Pictorial Practical Fruit Growing | by Walter P. Wright



The Journal of Horticulture described "Pictorial Practical Gardening" as a "marvel of logical arrangement and concentrated knowledge." I have used my best endeavours to make "Pictorial Practical Fruit Growing" not wholly unworthy of the same high and generous praise. No verbose, prolix, and turgid chapters of instructions will be found in it, but each set of illustrations will be found to be a chapter in itself, at once as simple, concise, and clear as I could make it.

TitlePictorial Practical Fruit Growing
AuthorWalter P. Wright
PublisherCassell And Company, Limited
Year1901
Copyright1901, Walter P. Wright
AmazonPictorial Practical Fruit Growing.
Pictorial Practical Fruit Growing
-Preface To Pictorial Practical Fruit Growing
Less than a year ago Messrs. Cassell and Company honoured me with a request to prepare a concise book on plain, practical gardening. Within a month the last sheet of matter was in their hands; within...
-Chapter 1. How To Use Garden Space When Growing Fruit
The greatest of the many delusions which mislead people who want to grow their own fruit is that it cannot be done in a small garden. The largest quantity of fruit cannot be grown on a small plot of ...
-Chapter 2. What Are The Best Forms Of Fruit Trees To Grow
In pursuance of our determination to make the most of limited space, and to have a long supply of splendid fruit even if the garden be small, let us glance at the various forms of fruit tree that may ...
-What Are The Best Bush Fruit Trees To Grow
The bush system is admirably suited for Apples on the Paradise, Pears on the Quince, Cherries on the Mahaleb, and Plums on the Mussel. Selections of varieties of all these, adapted to different soils ...
-What Are The Best Fruit Trees To Grow For Pyramids
Trees of formal shape are often wanted by the side of garden walks. They are not more fruitful than bushes, given equally skilled attention for both, and they take a little more time to shape, but the...
-What Are The Best Fruit Trees To Grow For Cordons
This type of tree emanated from France, and the name is simply a fanciful application of the French word cordon - a string or bell-rope - in allusion, presumably, to the fact that the tree is pruned i...
-What Are The Best Fruit Trees To Grow For Espaliers
Here we have another formal type of tree, secured by the skilful manipulation of the yearling. A maiden tree may be cut hard back. If possible, it should be headed to a point where there are three bud...
-What Are The Best Fruit Trees To Grow For Fan Trees
Fig. 6. Forming A Fan-Shaped Fruit Tree References A, tree in first year's training: a, point of heading maiden tree; b, three growths originated and retained to form the basis of the head; c, poi...
-What Are The Best Fruit Trees To Grow For Standards
This class of tree is not suitable for small gardens, but in orchards, where the trees are wanted to give large quantities of fruit, and they can be given a space between each pair of 20 or 30 feet, t...
-Chapter 3. How To Prune Fruit Trees
You may make a great mystery of pruning if you like; or you may make it as plain as the alphabet - it is all a question of character. There are students of chemistry, albeit of the elementary class, i...
-How To Prune Apple Trees
In some respects the Apple is the most difficult of all trees to prune. Not only are the varieties very numerous, but they differ greatly in habit of growth and method of fruiting. Sorts like Bramley'...
-How To Prune Apricot Trees
An Apricot tree which has been shortened as a yearling, and trained into the shape of a fan in the same way as a Peach tree, is very easy to manage. It will produce three classes of growth: (1) Extens...
-How To Prune Cherry Trees
Every Kentish Cherry grower will tell you that the Cherry does not like the knife. In the large orchards of the eastern portion of the flop county the Cherries are rarely, if ever, pruned; and it is g...
-How To Prune Pear Trees
Pears are comparatively easy to prune, for they do not present the great variations which have been noted as occurring in Apples. The twelve-cordons-on-a-tree type - i.e. specimens with a limited numb...
-How To Prune Peach And Nectarine Trees
Bearing, as these fruits do, mainly on the young wood, summer pruning and subsequent spurring, so important with most fruits, are out of place. It is true that when they are grown in pots, under condi...
-How To Prune Plum Trees
Like one or two other fruits, Plums produce growths intermediate between extension shoots and spurs, termed, from want of a better name, stubs. Anyone who examines an established tree is likely to fin...
-What Are The Best Tools For Pruning Fruit Trees
Controversy often rages on the subject of the best tool for pruning. I have heard partisans argue on the rival claims of secateurs and knife as vigorously as if they were discussing a political questi...
-How To Prune Black Currants
Cut and feed must be the watchword in these mite-ridden days. Neglected bushes have no chance at all. Cut, cut, cut; and feed, feed, feed. If the old wood is pruned away relentlessly, and at the sam...
-How To Prune Red And White Currants
These may be trained and pruned very much like Gooseberries, except that when six or eight main branches are established, a rigorous spurring may be practised, and young wood prevented from extending....
-How To Prune Gooseberries
If you want a few fine flowers, cut hard; if you want plenty of little ones, cut lightly: thus the expert Rose grower. Very much the same advice might be given respecting Gooseberries. Those people ...
-How To Prune Raspberries
The Raspberry is about the easiest of all the small fruits to manage, and perhaps the most neglected. It is a case of familiarity breeding contempt, presumably. There are a few Raspberry stools in nea...
-Chapter 4. How To Prune Fruit Tree Roots
When all is said and done on the subject of pruning, it remains the fact that the real secret of fruitfulness in a tree lies at the root. If the roots are right the fruit will come - large fruit, fine...
-Chapter 5. Fruit Tree Stocks And How To Graft
Carlyle made fun, in his grim, sly way, of the countryman who had no system; but Hodge gets along rather better, in happy ignorance of what he would probably describe as his innards, than a good m...
-How To Bud Fruit Stocks
Fruit stocks may be worked with either buds or grafts. Buds are far the best economically, but if a bud inserted in summer fails a graft may be put on in the following spring. Dwarfing stocks are best...
-How To Whip Graft Fruit Stocks
If the bud has not taken in spring, the stock must be cut down to be grafted. Clear away the top hamper, make an upward sloping cut about 1 inch long on the stump, and a downward cut inch long in the ...
-How To Graft Large Fruit Trees
Of course, whip grafting is not suitable for large trees, but here we get away from the question of stocks and the turning of them into fruit trees, and come to a different one - that of changing a va...
-How To Crown And Cleft Graft Fruit Trees
Crown Grafting Crown grafting i.e. making a space between the bark and the wood for the reception of the pared-down scion, is good, given careful tying; without this the scions would be blown out. Fi...
-How To Exclude Air When Grafting Fruit Trees
As so much of the success of grafting depends on excluding the air (Fig. 27). I give a few specially chosen recipes for covering materials. A Good Pug. - Mix clay, loam, and cow manure into a paste...
-Chapter 6. How To Choose Soil And Manure For Fruit Trees
The question of soils and manures for fruit trees presents itself under two aspects - establishing new trees, and improving old ones. I have already expressed an opinion on the common practice of pla...
-Chapter 7. How To Select Apples
It is profoundly gratifying that the demand for so wholesome a fruit as the Apple is on the increase, but it is profoundly humiliating that our agents have to run all over the world for their supplies...
-How To Select Apples. Part 2
A List Of First-Class Cooking Apples Beauty of Kent. Bismarck. Blenheim Pippin. Bramley's Seedling. Cox's Pomona. Duchess of Oldenburg. Ecklinville Seedling. Gascoyne's Seedling. Golden Noble...
-How To Select Apples. Part 3
Apples That Are Suitable For Cordons Beauty of Bath. Beauty of Kenb. Cellini. Chelmsford Wonder. Colonel Vaughan. Cox's Orange Pippin. Cox's Pomona. Frogmore Prolific. Golden Spire. Grenadie...
-Chapter 8. How To Select Pears
To speak of so popular a fruit as the Pear as neglected would perhaps be going too far, yet I cannot admit that it receives half or quarter the attention that it deserves. In view of the bold way in w...
-How To Select Pears. Continued
12 Pears Of Very Fine Flavour Beurre Superfin. Beurre d'Aremberg. Doyenne du Comice. Gansel's Bergamot. Jargonelle. Josephine de Malines. Knight's Monarch. Marechal de Cour. Marguerite Marril...
-Chapter 9. How To Select Stone Fruits
Apricots, Cherries, Nectarines, Peaches, and Plums form a quintette of dessert fruits very difficult to excel in richness and variety of flavour. A sun-warmed Apricot, ripe and mellow from the tree, a...
-How To Select Apricots
It is rarely that a large collection of Apricots is grown; indeed, the fruit is not often represented by more than three or four varieties, even in large gardens. This state of affairs affords a great...
-How To Select Cherries
Here we have not only more varieties, but a more even balance of merit, so that selection becomes more difficult. Let us, following the previous plan, first of all get a few of the best sorts before u...
-How To Select Nectarines
This fruit is not, perhaps, open to all; certainly it is not every person who can indulge himself in a collection, and ensure a supply for many months by growing them under glass. Still, there is ofte...
-How To Select Peaches
In the whole range of fruits there is nothing more interesting than the Peach, and it is to be regretted that it is dying out as an open-air fruit. Two things have conduced to this: (1) cheap glass; (...
-How To Select Plums
Some of the choicest varieties of Plums rival the most delicious of dessert fruits in flavour, and it is a little to be regretted that collections of them are not oftener seen. There are hundreds of g...
-Chapter 10. How To Select Bush Fruits
Currants, Gooseberries, and Raspberries - for the last named may be classed amongst the bush fruits as a matter of convenience, and without seriously straining a point - do not give any serious troubl...
-Chapter 11. What Are Fruit Tree Enemies And Pests
A nursery foreman once remarked to me, in a plaintive and piteous way, that there appeared to be a special provision of Nature for fruit trees to be harassed and attacked at all stages of their annual...
-What Are Some General Fruit Tree Enemies And Pests
American Blight A persistent and troublesome enemy, but one which ought not to do a tithe of the damage it causes, inasmuch as it flaunts itself before the eyes of the grower in the form of thick whi...
-What Are Some General Fruit Tree Enemies And Pests. Continued
Lichen And Moss These are enemies, and serious ones, though not insects. By rendering the tree foul they greatly impair its health. The Californian wash of caustic soda and pearlash, No. 11 in the li...
-What Is Canker On Fruit Trees
This is perhaps the most dreaded of all fruit enemies. It is no respecter of kinds or varieties Under certain conditions it will set its evil clasp on almost everything; in other circumstances it will...
-What Are Apple Tree Enemies And Pests
The Blossom Weevil (Anthonomus Pomorum) The weevil bores a hole in a closed bud and lays an egg; the maggot feeds on the bud and turns to a chrysalis there. (1) Open out the trees and encourage the r...
-What Are Apricot And Cherry Tree Enemies And Pests
Apricot Enemies Branch Decay There is more loss from this trouble than from the attacks of insects. See Varieties in a previous chapter, also Gum. No wash will stop the evil. I think that it i...
-What Are Currant Enemies And Pests
Black Currant Gall Mite (Phytoptm Ribis) The ravages of this pest, long serious, are becoming more so every year. Among many examples of its work I may quote one in East Kent, where about 8 acres of ...
-What Are Gooseberry And Nut Tree Enemies And Pests
Gooseberry Enemies Sawfly (Nematus Ribesi) This too familiar enemy only wants to be left alone to strip the bushes. I have seen them leafless by the middle of summer. Eggs are deposited on the lea...
-What Are Peach, Pear, And Plum Enemies And Pests
Peach Blister (Exoascus Deformans) A fungus, which rarely gives trouble except when the plants have been subjected to sharp winds. An east wind blowing through an open ventilator will often cause a c...
-What Are Raspberry Enemies And Pests
Clay Coloured Weevil (Otiorhynchvs Picipes) There are several species of Otiorhynchus weevil, notably O. sulcatus, the black weevil of Vines, and 0. tenebricosus, the red legged weevil of Peaches and...
-What Are Strawberry Enemies And Pests
Green Chafer It has happened, not infrequently, that large grubs have been brought to me as cockchafers, and charged with attacking Strawberry blossom, from which they are alleged to have eaten the o...
-What Are Remedies For Insects And Fungi On Fruit Trees
I now propose to give a list of recipes for insecticides and fungicides. I have tried each one before admitting it, and proved it to be efficacious. The various washes will be found to provide materia...
-Chapter 12. How To Grow Blackberries
The popularity of the fruit of the wild Blackberry is an earnest of the favour which the best cultivated varieties would enjoy if we were able to produce them with the ease and certainty of Raspberrie...
-Chapter 13. How To Grow Figs
The Fig is hardly an everyday fruit. We do not see it in the majority of gardens; we see it only in the few. This is doubtless rather due to its want of perfect hardiness than to lack of appreciation....
-Chapter 14. How To Grow Grapes And Grape Vines
Of all cultivated fruits the most interesting to professionals, the Grape is perhaps the most tantalising to amateurs. The latter see splendid clusters exhibited at the shows, and think with chastened...
-How Grape Vines Are Propagated
There are several ways of propagating Vines, but the commonest is to prepare and insert small portions of shoots, each with a bud, technically termed eyes. It is winter work, propagators considering t...
-How To Manage Young Grape Vines
When the stage indicated is reached we have an eye no longer, but a young plant, which can be induced to develop into a planting cane without a great deal of difficulty. The first thing is to give it ...
-How To Make Grape Vine Borders
The future treatment of the Vines comes after planting, so that if we take things in their proper order we must leave them for a few minutes and consider the border. Vines may be planted under one of ...
-How To Shorten Grape Vines After Planting
The task of forming a good fruiting Vine has not ended with the planting; in fact, to those who buy their plants it is only commencing. To begin with, it is true wisdom to shorten the cane hard, or, w...
-How To Develope A Young Grape Vine
There is nothing more interesting in the whole range of gardening operations, bristling though it is with fascinating features, than the development of a young Vine. Like the Popular Educator juveni...
-How To Prune Grape Vines
The Beginnings Of Pruning When the grower has made sure of his rod, he may concentrate his attention on the side shoots, commonly spoken of as laterals, for these bear the fruit. It is not wise to en...
-What Plants To Grow With Grapes In Greenhouses
It is an attractive topic, this of growing Grapes in greenhouses. Of course, the large grower, with his range of vineries, can afford to ignore it; but it is of real, practical interest to a very larg...
-How To Start Grape Vines
It will be apparent that the time of starting Vines must depend upon the time that ripe fruit is wanted. Those who are growing their Grapes in a greenhouse will find it best to let them start naturall...
-How To Select And Thin The Grape Bunches
There are few Grape growers, probably, who do not look forward to that halcyon time when some inventive genius shall have introduced a device for thinning Grapes by machinery. The task is tedious, slo...
-How To Use Ventilation To Prevent Scalding Of The Grape Vines
There is a great deal in ventilation. Three-fourths of the trouble which we now have from scalding would be obviated if air-giving were properly understood. The first principle to be learned is this: ...
-What Are The Varieties Of Grape Vines
A few remarks about the leading varieties of Grapes may assist anyone who is anxious to make a selection. I take them alphabetically: Alicante, a very useful late black Grape, easy to grow and colouri...
-How To Renovate Old Grape Vines
This matter has been touched upon in connection with shanking. Vines which have been systematically overcropped fall into ill-health sooner or later. It frequently happens that Vines are seen in small...
-What Is Shanking Of Grape Vines
There are plenty of Grape growers who are devoutly thankful that their experience of shanking is limited to seeing it in the vineries of their acquaintances. They can tolerate it there with some amoun...
-How To Grow Grapes In Frames Or Ground Vineries
I have seen some very successful, and some very disastrous, attempts to grow good crops of Grapes in what are termed ground vineries. In the one case healthy growth and excellent bunches rewarded the ...
-How To Grow Grapes In Frames Or Ground Vineries. Continued
(2) Planting Grape Vines There are various ways in which planting can be badly done. The soil may be made too fat with manure, and the Vines put in loosely. Further, they may be planted late and pr...
-How To Grow Grapes Out Of Doors
The fact that Grapes can be grown in the open air in many parts of Great Britain scarcely needs to be stated, for most people must have observed Vines on cottage walls at some time or other. Unfortuna...
-Chapter 15. How To Grow Medlars And Mulberries
It is unnecessary, I think, to devote a lengthy chapter to either of these fruits. If a gardening editor were to judge of the popularity of a fruit by the number of inquiries he had about it (and ther...
-Chapter 16. How To Grow Melons
Those who are familiar with American humour of the broader sort, and bearing on the gastronomical weaknesses of the negro, cannot have failed to find many references to one particular species of Melon...
-Chapter 17. How To Grow Nuts
I hope that no apology is needed for introducing into this series a short chapter on Nuts. The Nut is accepted as a fruit, and it has a recognised position as such in the markets, yet most fruit books...
-Chapter 18. How To Grow Strawberries
When a writer sets out to deal with fruit so popular as the Strawberry, he may, I hope, be pardoned if he is tempted to fly to some writer fond of odd phrases and tortuous allusions - Mr. Meredith, fo...
-Chapter 19. How To Grow Fruit Trees In Pots
There is a branch of fruit growing that used to be known as orchard-house culture in days of old. The system is practised still - nay, more than ever, since glass is so much cheaper than it used to be...
-Chapter 20. Miscellaneous
There are certain matters connected with fruit growing which, being a little outside general culture, are apt to be put altogether in the background. Yet they are quite as important as pruning and pro...
-How To Store Fruit
It has been my lot to deal with the storage of fruit in many circumstances, from the simple loft over a potting shed, with plain, wide, wooden shelves, to the insulated town cold store, in which mac...
-How To Properly Label Fruit Trees
Here we have another of the odd matters connected with fruit which so often lead to disaster. It would be interesting, if it were not so disquieting, for each reader to recall the number of instance...
-How To Protect Fruit Blossoms
In the case of large trees of Apples, Pears, Plums, and Cherries growing in the open, the blossom is usually left, perforce, to look after itself. Often nothing happens, sometimes a late frost does gr...
-When And How To Gather Fruit
In a long series of chapters, attention has been given to the salient points of fruit cultivation, and it is hoped without any important omission. Yet the subject would be incomplete if no reference w...
-What Are The Costs Of Growing Fruit Trees
Cost Of Trees In planting fruit on a somewhat extensive scale the cost of the trees is a considerable item. Growers keep it down in various ways, perhaps the commonest being to attend auction sales a...









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previous page: Manual Of Fruit Diseases | by Lex R. Hesler
  
page up: Gardening and Horticulture Books
  
next page: The Fruit Manual; Containing The Descriptions and synonymes of the fruits and fruit trees commonly met with in the gardens & orchards of Great Britain, with selected lists of those most worthy of cultivation