While the mango is the leading fruit of the Anacardiaceae or Cashew family, yet other species are more or less cultivated and should be briefly discussed here. The family comprises as a whole some 400 species in about 60 genera, widely distributed over the earth, mostly in warm countries. Some of the species (as poison ivy and sumac) are poisonous; but it is probable that it comprises many comestible products of value. The pistachio-nut is one of them.