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Garden Trees and Shrubs Illustrated in Colour | by Walter P. Wright



In modern gardens, informed as they are with the spirit of natural beauty and informality, the cultivation of good hardy plants under conditions which give them scope for showing their true characters, such as among stones and in spacious borders, must necessarily engage the earnest attention of true flower-lovers. But shrubs and trees have an importance at least as great as that of Alpine and herbaceous plants.

TitleGarden Trees and Shrubs
AuthorWalter P. Wright
PublisherHeadley Brothers
Year1913
Copyright1913, Walter P. Wright
AmazonGarden Trees And Shrubs Illustrated In Colour
-Preface To Garden Trees And Shrubs
Fig. The walk that leads to the waterside. Azaleas and Spring-flowering perennials. Painted by Beatrice Parsons In modern gardens, informed as they are with the spirit of natural beauty and informa...
-Part 1. Chapter 1. An Ideal and a Conception
In making bold garden pictures, in working in harmony with beautiful landscapes, in creating the glamour of distant colour, in giving a definite meaning to space, in linking up the perspective of eart...
-Chapter 2. Garden Seclusion and Woodland Mystery
It is well that the garden-maker should be imaginative, so long as he be not a mere visionary. It is well that there should come before him pictures of peaceful and shadowed beauty. It is all to the g...
-Chapter 3. The Threshold of the Woodland
Fig. Rhododendron Glory in the Woodland Glade. R. ponticum at Aldenham. For description see Part 4. Photo by R. A. Malby. The point where the garden ends and the woodland begins should be a place...
-Chapter 4. Shady Walk and Shadowed Water
Among the readers of this work there may be many whose gardens do not permit of extensive planting. Woodland in the expansive sense of that alluring term is denied to them. Even so, they may, as I hav...
-Chapter 5. The Place of Shrubs and Trees in Modern Gardens
In considering the part played in modern gardens by shrubs and trees we might first take the early bloom of certain standard flowering trees, such as Plums, Almonds, Cherries, and various Pyruses. It ...
-Chapter 6. Shrub Beds and Shrub Borders
The old-time shrubbery, with its massed Laurels and such-like common places, must give place to shrub-beds and shrub-borders in which a more artistic and varied system of planting is adopted. Altho...
-Part 2. Chapter 7. Mistakes in the Culture of Shrubs and Trees
Planting, Thinning, Moving, Pruning, Soil, etc. Cultural errors in gardening are serious in proportion to the cost and size of the plants. The point that it is less easy to rectify a mistake in plant...
-Part 2. Chapter 7. Mistakes in the Culture of Shrubs and Trees. Continued
Sites for shrub-beds or belts can be found beside drives and paths, on the extremities of lawns, and on that half-way space or no-man's-land which often intervenes between the garden proper and the wo...
-Chapter 8. Practical Considerations in Planting Shrubs and Trees
Forms of Beds and Borders - Landscape Effects - Backgrounds. We have seen in earlier chapters that several important purposes are served by shrubs and trees, and that more particularly we can obtain ...
-Practical Considerations in Planting Shrubs and Trees. Part 2
Fig. Tree Beauty On The Lawn When The Early Morning Mists Depart. Photo by R. A. Malby. If the view is to be limited to the confines of the garden and exterior objects shut out, it may or may not b...
-Practical Considerations in Planting Shrubs and Trees. Part 3
Several important points arise in connection with the selection and planting of shrubs. Shall evergreen or deciduous kinds predominate? Shall individual plants or groups of each kind be used? In what ...
-Chapter 9. Arrangement of Shrubs and Trees both for Shelter and Beauty
The multitude of shrubs and trees, and the countless ways in which they may be planted, present a keen problem for the planter. He has to consider: (1) the balance between shrubs and trees (2) the p...
-Arrangement of Shrubs and Trees both for Shelter and Beauty. Part 2
The great beauty of Chestnuts when the trees are well developed must secure them a place among plantings of large trees. No trees can vie with them for beauty when they are in full bloom in late sprin...
-Arrangement of Shrubs and Trees both for Shelter and Beauty. Part 3
(12) Pyrus spectabilis and Berberis aquifolium (Mahonia aquifolia). The Pyrus is one of the most beautiful of all flowering trees, bearing abundance of large rosy flowers in spring. With shelter and i...
-Chapter 10. Moving Shrubs and Trees
When one sees the things done in the great botanic gardens and by large nurserymen in the way of shifting trees, one wonders whether there is any limit to the powers of arboreal experts. They almost r...
-Chapter 11. Propagation of Shrubs and Trees
Nearly all the various methods of propagation brought into play for other kinds of plants are applied to the propagation of the different shrubs and trees. Seeds, cuttings, grafts, buds and layers are...
-Propagation of Shrubs and Trees. Part 2
B. - Half-Ripe Cuttings with Heat What the propagator calls half-ripe cuttings are pieces of shoot a few weeks old; they are not green tips, nor are they firm woody pieces. They can be taken from l...
-Propagation of Shrubs and Trees. Part 3
D. - Soft Cuttings in Close Heat Soft cuttings are pieces of freshly formed wood, taken generally from side-shoots directly they have grown three or four inches long, inserted in sandy soil and kep...
-Propagation of Shrubs and Trees. Part 4
G. - Grafting The most important shrubs commonly propagated by this means are Clematises, Roses and Rhododendrons. In the case of the first, the variety of Clematis to be propagated is attached to a ...
-Propagation of Shrubs and Trees. Part 5
H. - Layers We have seen that Rhododendrons are generally grafted, but in common with many other shrubs garden varieties may be propagated by layers. A low-growing branch of one-year or two-year-old ...
-Chapter 12. Enemies of Shrubs and Trees
Like most cultivated plants, shrubs and trees have their enemies, whether in the form of caterpillars or fungi. But speaking generally, there is not so much anxiety on this score as in the case of fru...
-Chapter 13. Pruning Shrubs and Trees
In referring to the common errors in the culture of shrubs and trees (see Chapter 7.) it was said that neglect of pruning accounted for many comparative failures. It was pointed out that different shr...
-Pruning Shrubs and Trees. Continued
Fig. Kolwitzia Amabilis. A new Shrub from the Far East. Photo by R. A. Malby. Pruning may sometimes consist in cutting back a jagged stump where a branch has been broken off. The stump should be cu...
-Part 3. Chapter 14. Lawn Shrubs and Trees - Pendulous or Weeping Trees
Introduction Although all the principal shrubs and trees are described in Part 4., and their uses indicated, it is thought that selections of the best kinds, grouped for the various purposes to which...
-Chapter 15. Leaf and Stem Tints - Beautiful Fruits and Berries
It may be said that all young leafage is beautiful. The early spring tint of that commonest of trees, the Larch, for example, is indescribably soft, tender and exquisite. But there is a special beaut...
-Leaf and Stem Tints - Beautiful Fruits and Berries. Continued
The richest colour in dark-leaved shrubs is found in the Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum). Such forms as atropurpureum aureum, decompositum, palmatifidum, roseo-marginatum dissectum, and septemlobum pur...
-Chapter 16. Evergreen Shrubs and Trees other than Conifers
Several of the preceding chapters have embraced references to evergreens, but it will not be out of place to consider the part played by this class and briefly to study the best kinds in a special cha...
-Chapter 17. Conifers
For the same reason that a chapter has been given to the evergreens, in spite of many incidental references, one may be devoted to the Conifers. They are in every way worthy of special study. We have ...
-Conifers. Part 2
The genus Cedrus gives [us the Cedar of Lebanon (C. Libani), the Indian Deodar (C. deodara), and the Atlas Cedar (C. atlantica), of which there are popular forms called aurea and glauca. There are ma...
-Conifers. Part 3
The Larch, Larix europaea, is hardly worth planting as an ornamental tree for the garden, although useful for its tall, straight timber. A Japanese species named leptolepis is found to grow faster tha...
-Chapter 18. Climbing Shrubs
A purist might object to the term climbing as used in connection with certain shrubs which are often grown on walls or other supports, and indeed, there are few plants that really climb by means of ...
-Climbing Shrubs. Part 2
Fig. All The Forms Of Clematis Jackmanii Are Beautiful. Painted by A. C. Wyatt. The foregoing is but a tithe of the material awaiting the Clematis-lover if he cares to make a study of the genus. He...
-Climbing Shrubs. Part 3
More popular even than the Jasmine as a fragrant climber is the Honeysuckle, the twining branches of which will bind themselves round a fence, over a tree stump, among the lattices of trelliswork, a...
-Climbing Shrubs. Part 4
Gloire de Dijon, L'Ideal, Cheshunt Hybrid and Alister Stella Gray may be considered. If a few more Roses are wanted for pillars or pergolas, the claims of Felicité-et-Pérpétue, René André, The Lion (n...
-Chapter 19. Shrubs for the Rock Garden
The lover of Alpines is so much the better placed in one respect than his brother amateur who specializes in herbaceous plants that he has some vegetation, and not infrequently bloom, to show even in ...
-Shrubs for the Rock Garden. Continued
Fig. In districts where the natural soil is peaty, Heaths should be planted freely. Erica carnea and alba. Colour photo by R. A. Malby. The allied plant known as St. David's Heath, Daboëcia (or Men...
-Chapter 20. Shrubs and Trees for Town and Suburban Gardens and for the Garden City
The Plane and Lime have long been regarded as the best trees of the town, but it behoves us to remember that several trees much more valuable than these for flower or leaf beauty - trees such as the m...
-Chapter 21. Shrubs and Trees for Seaside Gardens
The garden-wanderer who finds himself by the sea in winter never fails to note the cheerful colour of the Japanese Euonymuses, the bright glow of the Hollies and the healthful tint of a shrub which in...
-Chapter 22. Shrubs and Trees for the Waterside
There are subjects, such as the Willow, which become particularly associated with the waterside, because their love of moist places causes them to grow luxuriantly there. The Willow itself is not only...
-Chapter 23. The Clipped Trees of the old Dutch Garden
The astute garden-lover will always make a point of paying periodical visits to the larger nursery-gardens, for not only will he be able to select plants there from many growing together of the kinds ...
-Chapter 24. Shrubs and Trees for Hedges
The modern gardener has a laudable wish to combine ornament with utility, and even in the case of so plain a thing as a hedge, he seeks to bring in the garden spirit. There are, however, certain pract...
-Chapter 25. Shrubs for Shady Places and Undergrowth
Shade is grateful in hot summer weather, and in planting trees the fact that they will break the fierce rays of the sun in the dog days is a strong consideration with many garden-lovers. A garden wit...
-Chapter 26. Hardy Shrubs and Trees for Forcing
The departments of a garden are to some extent interwoven, and on occasion a subject which belongs to the open air finds its way into the greenhouse. This is particularly the case with certain shrubs,...
-Hardy Shrubs and Trees for Forcing. Continued
Shrubs and trees that are to be kept in their pots through the summer should be plunged up to the rim of the pot, as this will save a good deal of watering. Plants that have been lifted and potted for...
-Part 4. Section A. Modern Shrubs and Trees
As there may be many readers of the present work who are well acquainted with the older genera and with what may be called the standard species and varieties of shrubs and trees, it has been thought...
-Acer - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Two interesting additions have been made to the Maple genus by the introduction of Acer Davidii and A. griseum, both deciduous trees, growing up to twenty-five feet high. A. Davidii is distinguished b...
-Actinidia to Baccharis Patagonica - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Actinidia The species chinensis is a deciduous climber with heart-shaped leaves and yellow flowers. The female form, more recently introduced, proves to have deeper coloured flowers than the male. He...
-Berberis - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Striking additions have been made to this important genus, already of great importance with such popular and valuable members as Darwinii, stenophylla and aquifolium. Acuminata has yellow flowers, the...
-Betula to Cleastrus - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Betula An addition to the Birches has been made in alnoides pyrifolia, a small deciduous tree with Pyrus-like leaves. Broussonetia Cucullata is a hooded form of B. papyrifera, in the collection of ...
-Clematis - Modern Shrubs and Trees
The importance of this genus is so great that interest attaches to any additions, and certainly the newcomers are worthy of the attention which they have received. The red form of montana, rubens, and...
-Clerodendron to Corylopsis - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Clerodendron Fargesii, a species of spreading habit, with large acuminate leaves, sweet white flowers in panicles and dark blue fruits, is said to share the hardiness of C. Trichotomum. Cocculus Mo...
-Cotoneaster - Modern Shrubs and Trees
The new Cotoneasters are numerous. Humifusa is an evergreen trailer, useful for covering banks; the growth is vigorous but dense; scarlet berries are borne in autumn. Prostrata has orange berries and ...
-Crataego-Mespilus Dardari to Davidia - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Crataego-Mespilus Dardari This is a graft hybrid between Crataegus and Mespilus, sometimes reverting in growth to one of the parents. White flowers. Cytisus The interesting hybrid Dallimorei, raise...
-Deutzia - Modern Shrubs and Trees
This important genus has been revolutionized, as much by the work of hybridists - most prominent of whom is Lemoine of Nancy - as by explorers. As regards new species, longifolia, Veitchii, Vilmorinae...
-Dipelta Ventricosa to Euonymus - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Dipelta Ventricosa An interesting deciduous shrub with Peach-like foliage and small brown tubular flowers with white lip and cream throat. A peculiar feature is the Acer-like seed wing. Drimys Aroma...
-Euptelea to Gymnocladus Chinensis - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Euptelea Davidiana is a small deciduous tree growing up to twenty feet high. The foliage colours well in autumn. Francheti and polyandra are also offered; they are rare shrubs. Exochorda Giraldii A...
-Hydrangea and Ilex - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Hydrangea Aspera is a deciduous species with large cut leaves and pale mauve flowers in corymbs in summer. As with other Hydrangeas, the outer florets are sterile. The height is about three feet. Xan...
-Jasminum to Leptospermum - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Jasminum Beesianum is a new species from China with bright red flowers, suitable for rambling over stones on a rockery. It is vigorous and hardy. Juglans An addition has been made to the Walnuts in...
-Ligustrum to Lonicera - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Ligustrum Henryi is an evergreen species with glossy green leaves. Walkeri has light-green shining leaves. Delavayanum is a small-leaved evergreen from Japan. Liquidambar Formosana is the Chinese F...
-Magnolia to Paulownia - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Magnolia Delavayi is a remarkable evergreen species, with very large massive leaves and cream-coloured flowers. Like grandiflora, it is suitable for a lofty wall, but is possibly less hardy and had b...
-Phillyrjea Rosmainifolia to Pyrus - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Phillyrjea Rosmarinifolia A neat evergreen with small linear leaves a little more than an inch long, good for the rockery. Poliothyrsis Sinensis A tree introduced by Wilson from China, with large o...
-Rhododendron - Modern Shrubs and Trees
The modern species comprise several plants which, if not of the highest importance, nevertheless are of much beauty and interest. Dealing mainly with the hardy kinds, and these in alphabetical order, ...
-Ribes to Rubus - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Ribes Laurifolium, a species with drooping racemes of greenish yellow flowers, received an Award of Merit from the Horticultural Royal Society in 1912. It is an evergreen. Leptantha is also an evergr...
-Sarcococca to Spiraea - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Sarcococca Humile and the larger species ruscifolia are evergreens with glossy leaves that are important because they will grow under the shade of trees. Ruscifolia is a vigorous but compact grower, ...
-Stranvaesia to Veronica Canterburyana - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Stranvaesia Undulata is an interesting evergreen shrub, the principal beauty of which lies in the corymbs of orange fruits. The flowers are white. Glaucescens has glaucous leaves and white flowers. ...
-Viburnum and Vitis - Modern Shrubs and Trees
Viburnum Important additions have been made to this genus, notably in coriaceum, an evergreen growing up to fifteen feet high, with creamy flowers; Davidii, a dwarf evergreen with ovate coriaceous gr...
-Section B. Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees - Abele to Acanthopanax
Abele - Notes The Abele is the white Poplar, Populus alba, and is dealt with in Chapter 9. A good tree for moist spots. Abelia - Notes Generally included in lists of hardy shrubs, but as a matter o...
-Acer - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Inasmuch as this deciduous genus includes the Maples, the Sycamore, and the variegated Negundo, it is one of considerable value. The Japanese Maples described in Chapter 15., where some good varieties...
-Actinidia to Aesculus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Actinidia - Notes Deciduous climbers which might be used for pillars and pergolas. Kolomikta is an interesting and uncommon plant. Volubilis and polygama are the best known. All these have white flow...
-Ailantus to Almond - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Ailantus - Notes The species glandulosa, the Tree of Heaven, is a small deciduous tree grown for its handsome foliage. It is hardy, but strong, cold winds may impair the leaves and consequently it sh...
-Alpine Rose to Ampelopsis - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Alpine Rose - Notes See Chapter 19. Althaea - Notes See Hibiscus. A Melanchier - Notes As stated in Chapter 9., A. canadensis (syn. Botryapium), is an attractive deciduous shrub and much the best...
-Amygdlaus to Apple - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Amygdalus - Notes See Almond and Prunus. The Bitter Almond is Amygdalus communis amara and the Sweet Almond A. c. dulcis; but the genus is now merged in Prunus by botanists. Andromeda - Notes The b...
-Aralia to Arbor-Vitae - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Aralia - Notes The most interesting plant in this genus for the garden is A. mandschurica, often grown under the name of Dimorphanthus mandschuricus; but chinensis, ricinifolium and spinosa (syn. Aca...
-Arbutus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
The beautiful Strawberry Tree, A. Unedo, is well worth planting where a sheltered place and light friable soil can be provided, as it will then make a fine evergreen shrub nine to twelve feet high. It...
-Arctostaphylos to Arundinaria - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Arctostaphylos - Notes This evergreen genus is close to Arbutus. The best known species is Uvaursi, an evergreen trailer with pink flowers in April. It likes peaty soil. Californica is a variety of i...
-Arundo to Ash - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Arundo - Notes Only inferior to the great Pampas Grass in effect, Arundo conspicua is well worth planting in moist spots or by the waterside. The silky white panicles may be eight feet high in August...
-Aspen to Galsam Poplar - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Aspen - Notes Populus tremula, see Poplar and Chapter 9. Athrotaxis - Notes See Conifers, Chapter 17. Atragene - Notes See Clematis. Aucuba - Notes This popular evergreen is dealt with in Chapt...
-Bamboo - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
We have seen in previous chapters that Bamboos make beautiful clumps on lawns, and are appropriate for an approach to the waterside. They are full of grace, and make a splendid foil for more massive e...
-Berchemia to Biota - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Berchemia - Notes Most of the members of this genus are not hardy, but volubilis, which bears greenish white flowers in summer, may be grown on a pillar or pergola. Racemosa variegata is beautiful on...
-Birch to Broussonetia - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Birch - Notes See Betula. Bird Cherry - Notes See Prunus Padus. Blackthorn - Notes See Prunus spinosa. Bladder Senna - Notes See Colutea. Box - Notes The usefulness of this evergreen was seen...
-Bruckenthalia to Buddleia - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Bruckenthalia - Notes Spiculifolia, which is offered in some catalogues, is a Heath-like plant with purplish flowers, liking peaty soil. The height is about a foot. It might be grown with other smal...
-Bupleurm to Calycanthus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Bupleurum - Notes One member of this genus, namely, fruticosum, is a hardy evergreen shrub. It grows four to six feet high and has yellow flowers in summer. It does best when pruned hard every spring...
-Camellia - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
These magnificent evergreens are unhappily too tender to grow in the open air, in northern climes, except in favoured localities. One sees glorious bushes of them, however, in Cornish gardens, where t...
-Candleberry Myrtle to Carya - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Candleberry Myrtle - Notes See Myrica. Caprifolium - Notes See Lonicera and Honeysuckle. Caragana - Notes This deciduous genus belongs to the Pea order (Leguminosae). Very few are offered, but ar...
-Caryopteris to Castanea - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Caryopteris - Notes The species Mastacanthus (syn. Mastacanthus sinensis) is one of the most interesting of the smaller deciduous shrubs, and is admirable for a collection of choice species, growing ...
-Castanopsis and Catalpa - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Castanopsis - Notes Only one species is generally offered, this being chrysophylla, the Golden Chestnut. The upper surface of the leaves is deep glossy green, the lower golden yellow. It is an evergr...
-Ceanothus to Cephalotaxus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Ceanothus - Notes References to this useful genus will be found in Chapters 9. and 18. Cedar - Notes Cedrus. See Chapter 17. Celastrus - Notes Scandens is a hardy deciduous climber with yellow fl...
-Cerasus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
This genus, which includes the Cherry, is now merged in Prunus by botanists. It is important to the tree-lover, because it yields several beautiful spring-flowering trees. See Prunus, also Chapters 5,...
-Cercidiphyllum to Cherry Plum - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Cercidiphyllum - Notes One species, japonicum, is offered. It is a half-hardy deciduous shrub only met with out of doors in mild, sheltered places. The height is four feet. Greenish flowers in summer...
-Chestnut to Chionanthus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Chestnut - Notes See Aesculus and Castanea. The Chestnuts are referred to in Chapters 9. and 20. Chile Pine - Notes See Araucaria. Chimonanthus - Notes Fragrans is referred to in Chapter 18. See ...
-Choisya to Cladrastis - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Choisya - Notes The species ternata is a much admired small evergreen shrub, not considered to be fully hardy, and often grown on a sheltered border or against a wall, but it is probably hardier than...
-Clematis - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Some good varieties of Clematis are described in Chapter 18. The shrub-lover may well be excused if he feels embarrassed by the multitude of riches when he surveys this important genus, for in additio...
-Clerodendron to Cornish Elm - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Clerodendron - Notes The deciduous species tricho-tomum may be grown out of doors in mild districts; the white flowers with red calyx are produced in August. Clethra - Notes Alnifolia and canescens...
-Cornus - Dogwood - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Dogwood. These valuable shrubs are esteemed alike for their flowers and their foliage. C. kousa, formerly known as Benthamia japonica, with red and yellow flowers, height up to eight feet, is rather s...
-Corokia to Cotoneaster - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Corokia - Notes The species Cotoneaster, an evergreen with yellow flowers, height up to ten feet, is offered. It is not fully hardy, and should be grown on a border under a warm wall. Ordinary soil. ...
-Crabs and Cranberry - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Crabs - Notes The best Crabs, varieties of Pyrus baccata and P. prunifolia, are worth growing both for use and ornament. Crimson Siberian, Chicago, Dartmouth, John Downie, Fairy Apple, Montreal Beaut...
-Crataegus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
See Chapter 16. also Thorns, Chapters 18. and 9. Special mention was made of the beautiful evergreen thorn, C. Pyracantha and its variety Lalandii, as splendid plants for low walls, not least because ...
-Crinodendron to Cupressus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Crinodendron - Notes See Triscuspidaria. Cryptomeria - Notes See Chapter 17., Japonica is the Japanese Cedar and elegans is a variety of it. Cunninghamia - Notes See Chapter 17. This Conifer must...
-Cydonia to Cytisus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Cydonia - Notes See Chapter 18., C. Japonica (syn. Pyrus Japonica) is the deciduous Japanese Quince. Variety of colour or size is yielded by such garden forms as atropurpurea, dark; Aurora, salmon pi...
-Daboecia to Davidia - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Daboecia - Notes See Chapter 9. and 19. Daphne - Notes See Chapter 9. Mezereum and its forms alba, white; and atro-rubra, dark red, are deciduous. All the following are evergreen: Blagayana, a chai...
-Decaisnea to Desmodium - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Decaisnea - Notes Fargesii is offered as a hardy shrub, but it should certainly have a sheltered place if grown out of doors. It has pinnate leaves, yellow flowers in May, and violet, sausage-shaped ...
-Deutzia - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
These early and free-blooming deciduous shrubs are very useful in the border, particularly crenata and its varieties, of which the double white, flore pleno, is one of the best. Eburnea is a new ivory...
-Diervilla - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
The same as Weigela. The hybrid and variegated forms of rosea are grown under the latter name in gardens and mlrseries. Nurserymen often offer Middendorffiana and sessilifolia under the name of Diervi...
-Dimorphanthus to Dogwood - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Dimorphanthus Mandschuricus - Notes See Aralia. Dyospyros - Notes Kaki is the Japanese Date Palm, remarkable for its beautiful orange fruit. The foliage colours well in autumn. It is not fully hard...
-Drimys to Elaeagnus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Drimys - Notes Winteri yields winter's bark, which is used as a substitute for cinnamon. It is not quite hardy, and must have a sheltered place. An evergreen with a large oval leaf, and brown stem. H...
-Elder and Elm - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Elder - Notes See Chapter 20. The Elders do well in town gardens and at the seaside. As grown in gardens they are forms of Sambucus nigra, aurea being the Golden Elder. There are many varieties, such...
-Embothrium to Ercilla - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Embothrium Coccineum - Notes See Chapter 18. Empetrum - Notes Nigrum and its forms scoticumrubrum and tomentosum are pretty little berried evergreens resembling Heaths, growing barely a foot high, ...
-Erica - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
A Heath garden is no uncommon feature of large places where the soil is peaty. There is the peat of a wet bog and there is the peat of a sandy upland; it is the latter which suits Ericas. There is no ...
-Eriobotrya to Eucalyptus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Eriobotrya - Notes Japonica is the Loquat or Japanese Medlar. It is not hardy, and can only be grown out of doors on a wall in a warm district. The white flowers may be followed by orange fruit under...
-Eucommia Ulmoides to Eugenia - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Eucommia Ulmoides - Notes See Section A on modern shrubs. Eucryphia - Notes Pinnatifolia is offered, a beautiful shrub, nominally evergreen but often deciduous, growing up to ten feet high, with la...
-Euonymus to Evergreen Oak - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Euonymus - Notes See Chapters 9., 16., and 21. The forms of japonicus, such as yellow-margined, gold-variegated and silver-variegated, also radicans variegatus and radicans Silver Gem, are beautiful ...
-Evergreen Thorn to Flowering Ash - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Evergreen Thorn - Notes Crataegus Pyracantha. Exochorda - Notes Two species are offered, Alberti and grandiflora, both growing up to six feet high in favourable circumstances, and bearing white flo...
-Forsythia to Fringe Tree - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Forsythia - Notes See Chapter 9. Three areoffered, intermedia, suspensa and viridissima; the first is a hybrid between the other two; all with yellow flowers, height eight to twelve feet. There is a ...
-Fuchsia and Furse - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Fuchsia - Notes Few shrubs are so graceful in gardens by the sea in mild districts as the hardier Fuchsias, such as coccinea and the forms of macrostemma, namely, corallina, gracilis, and Riccartonii...
-Garrya to Glastonbury Thorn - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Garrya - Notes Elliptica is a well known evergreen, with greenish yellow catkins in spring, height up to ten feet in the open, perhaps more on a wall. It does well at the seaside. Ordinary soil. Gau...
-Gleditschia to Gordonia - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Gleditschia - Notes The most popular species is triacanthos, the Honey Locust, a really handsome deciduous tree of the Pea order (Leguminoseae), up to fifty feet high, with greenish flowers in July. ...
-Gorse to Gymnocladus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Gorse - Notes See Furze. Grevillea - Notes While some of the species, notably rosmarinifolia, may be grown out of doors, in mild districts, the genus is generally represented by robusta grown as a ...
-Gynerium to Halimondendron - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Gynerium - Notes The noble species argenteum (syn. Cortaderia argentea) is almost too well-known to need comment. It is the finest of grasses, and as grand an ornament for lawns as the best of shrubs...
-Hamamelis to Hazel - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Hamamelis. - Notes Witch Hazel. As winter bloomers these small but beautiful deciduous shrubs with their quaint crinkled flowers have a special claim on attention. Mollis is a lovely object when full...
-Heath to Hippophae - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Heath - Notes See Erica and Chapter 19. Hedera - Notes This is the ivy genus. For good varieties see Chapter 18. Hedgehog Holly - Notes See Holly. Hedge Plants - Notes See Chapter 24. Hedysaru...
-Holly - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
The Hollies of our gardens are forms of Ilex Aquifolium, the common Holly, which is too familiar to call for description. Its use for hedges is dealt with in Chapter 24., for planting in shade in Chap...
-Honeysuckle to Horse Chestnut - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Honeysuckle - Notes For selections see Chapter 18. These fragrant favourites are species and varieties of Lonicera. Not only are the forms of Capri-folium and Periclymenum very sweet, but their fruit...
-Hydrangea - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
See Chapters 5, 9., 18., and 26., also the chapter on modern shrubs. The most popular species is hortensis (syn. hortensia), but it is often represented in gardens by its varieties, such as Avalanche,...
-Hymenanthera to Ilex - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Hymenanthera - Notes Only one species is hardy and that is crassifolia, a New Zealand evergreen with yellow flowers and white berries. Sandy peat. Hypericum - Notes (St. John's Wort). - Calycinum (...
-Illicium to Itea - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Illicium - Notes Floridanum, an evergreen growing a few feet high, with red fragrant flowers in May, is offered as hardy, but it should have a warm wall and winter protection. Loam with good addition...
-Ivy to Juglans - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Ivy - Notes See Chapter 18. Jamesia - Notes One species is available, namely, americana, which grows up to six feet high, is deciduous and has white flowers in spring. Ordinary soil. Japanese Ceda...
-Juniperus to Kolreuteria - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Juniperus - Notes The Junipers are referred to in Chapter 17. They are evergreen Conifers of rugged aspect. Kalmia - Notes Angustifolia, glauca and latifolia are the principal species, indeed, thes...
-Laburnum - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
No spring-flowering tree is better known than the common yellow deciduous Laburnum (see Chapter 9.). It is really beautiful when in full bloom, but unsightly afterwards because of the slow decay of it...
-Larch to Laurustinus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Larch - Notes Larix. See Chapters 12. and 17. Lardizabala - Notes The only species, biternata, is a climbing shrub with purple flowers in autumn. It must have a warm wall if grown outdoors. Peat an...
-Lavender to Leiophyllum - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Lavender - Notes This fragrant evergreen is Lavandula vera spica of some botanists; alba is a white garden variety. Everybody knows lavender, which is extensively grown for making perfume, and much u...
-Lespedeza to Ligustrum - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Lespedeza - Notes Bicolor, a deciduous shrub growing about three feet high, with purple and rose flowers in September, is offered. It should be grown on a warm border or a wall. Loam and peat. Leuco...
-Lilac to Liquidambar - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Lilac - Notes See Syringa, also Section A, and Chapters 9. and 26. The varieties named in the latter are all suitable for the garden. Lime - Notes One of the most popular of deciduous town trees. I...
-Liriodendron to Maclura - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Liriodendron - Notes Tulipifera is the beautiful Tulip tree, with large yellow and green flowers in summer; there are several forms, of which aurea is the best known. The Tulip tree is worth a good p...
-Magnolia - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
One of the most important genera of hardy shrubs, comprising both evergreen and deciduous species, all distinguished by large and beautiful flowers. See Chapters 16., 18. and 19. The best known evergr...
-Mahonia to Morus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Mahonia - Notes See Berberis and Chapter 9. M. aquifolia is Berberis aquifolium. See Chapter 25. Maidenhair Tree - Notes See Ginkgo. Maple - Notes See Acer and Chapter 15. Meliosma Myriantha - N...
-Mountain Ash to Myrtus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Mountain Ash - Notes Pyrus Aucuparia, a graceful small deciduous tree with brilliant berries. Ordinary soil. Muehlenbeckia - Notes Complexa and varians are offered and are suitable for growing on w...
-Nandia to Nuttallia - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Nandina - Notes The only species, domestica, is not fully hardy, and can only be grown out of doors in mild districts. It is an evergreen, with fern-like foliage, white flowers and rosy fruits. It is...
-Oak - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
This grand old tree belongs to the genus Quercus, and pedunculata is generally given as the species; it is, however, a form of Robur with stalked cups; there are several sub-varieties, such as Concord...
-Olea and Olearia - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Olea - Notes Olive. The species europaea is the wild Olive, which is cultivated for its oil. It is a shrub growing up to six feet high, with white flowers in July. In northern climes it should have a...
-Ononis to Ozothamnus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Ononis - Notes Of the several shrubs in this genus, fruticosa, growing up to two feet high, with purple flowers in summer, is the best known; it is deciduous, and suitable for the rock garden. Rotund...
-Paeonia - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Paeony. Moutan, the Tree Paeony, is a deciduous shrub, and the finest of the modern varieties make beautiful groups in beds or at the front of shrubberies. The flowers are of enormous size and brillia...
-Paliurus to Pavia - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Paliurus - Notes Australis (syn. aculeatus), Christ's Thorn, is a deciduous shrub growing up to six feet high, with spiny stipules and clusters of yellow flowers in June. It is reputed to be the p...
-Peach to Persimmon - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Peach - Notes See Chapter 26. for notes on forcing Peaches for early bloom. See also Chapters 5 and 6 and Prunus. Pear - Notes See Chapter 26. for forcing for early bloom, also Pyrus. Pentstemon -...
-Philadelphus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Mock Orange. See Chapter 9. This is one of the best of hardy deciduous shrubs, owing to its vigour, profuse blooming and adaptability to all kinds of soil. The common Mock Orange, coronarius and its f...
-Philesia to Pieris - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Philesia - Notes Buxifolia is a beautiful evergreen, growing up to four feet high, with red flowers in early summer resembling the Lapageria. It is not fully hardy and should have a sheltered place. ...
-Pine to Planera - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Pine - Notes Pinus. See Conifers, Chapter 17., also Chapters 5 and 14. Piptanthus - Notes Nepalensis (syns. Baptisia ne-palensis and Thermopsis laburnifolia) the Evergreen Laburnum, is a beautiful ...
-Plane to Polygonum - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Plane - Notes Platanus. We have seen in Chapter 20. that the Plane is one of the best of town trees. The London Plane is Platanus acerifolia, which has Maple-like leaves and greenish flowers in sprin...
-Ponegranate to Prumnopitys - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Pomegranate - Notes See Punica. Populus - Notes Poplar. See Chapters 8. and 9. P. alba (Abele) is the white Poplar; P. nigra, the black Poplar; P. nigra pyramidalis, the Lombardy Poplar; P. tremula...
-Prunus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
The many references to this great genus in preceding chapters will have conveyed an idea of its importance. It includes the Almond, the Cherry, the Apricot, the Plum and the Laurel. It provides many v...
-Pseudolarix to Pyracantha - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Pseudolarix - Notes Kaempferi (syn. Larix Kaempferi) is the Japanese Golden Larch. Pseudostuga - Notes The only species of any importance is P. Douglasi (syn. Abies Douglasi). See Chapters 5, 14. a...
-Pyrus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
This great genus, which includes the Apple, the Pear, the Quince, the Service and the Mountain Ash, has been referred to in several preceding chapters. P. Aria is the White Beam Tree; there is a golde...
-Quercus to Rhamnus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Quercus - Notes See Oak. Quick - Notes See Crataegus and Chapter 24. Quince - Notes See Pyrus and Cydonia; also Chapter 18. Raphiolepis - Notes The best known is japonica, an evergreen with whi...
-Rhododendron - Notes
Fig. Rhododendron Loderii. Painted by Josephine Gundry. Botanists, pointing to the trifling differences between Azaleas and Rhododendrons, amalgamate them. Even if we consider them as separate gene...
-Rhodora to Rhus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Rhodora - Notes One species with purple and red flowers is often met with under the name of Rhodora canadensis (syn. Rhododendron Rhodora). It needs the same treatment as Rhododendrons. Rhodotypos -...
-Ribes and Robinia - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Ribes - Notes This genus includes the fruiting Currants and Gooseberries. Several of the species are beautiful flowering deciduous shrubs and bloom early. The principal ornamental species are aureum,...
-Rock Cistus to Rubus - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Rock Cistus - Notes See Cistus. Rock Rose - Notes See Cistus. Rose - Notes See Chapters 7., 11., 15., 18. and 19. Rose Acacia - Notes See Robinia. Rosemary - Notes Rosmarinus officinalis is t...
-Ruscus to Scotch Elm - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Ruscus - Notes Aculeatus is the Butcher's Broom, see Chapters 16. and 25. Racemosus is the Alexandrian Laurel, an evergreen growing about four feet high, with greenish yellow flowers in April. Hypogl...
-Scotch Fir to Snowberry - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Scotch Fir - Notes Pinus sylvestris. Scotch Laburnum - Notes See Laburnum. Scotch Pine - Notes Pinus sylvestris. Senecio - Notes A few of the Ragworts are evergreen shrubs, including compacta, ...
-Snowdrop Tree to Spindle Tree - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Snowdrop Tree - Notes Halesia tetraptera. Snowy Mespilus - Notes See Amelanchier. Solanum - Notes One member of this large genus is a hardy shrub against a wall, and that is crispum, which has be...
-Spiraea - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
A large genus, comprising both herbaceous and shrubby kinds. Some of the best of the latter are dealt with in Chapters 9. and 19. Forcing is treated in Chapter 26. The following are all good shrubs an...
-Spruce Fir to Stephanandra - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Spruce Fir - Notes Picea excelsa. Spurge Laurel - Notes Daphne Laureola. St. Johns Wort - Notes See Hypericum. Stachycarpus - Notes See Prumnopitys. Stachyurus - NotesPraecox (syn. japonicus) ...
-Stone Pine to Styrax - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Stone Pine - Notes Pinus Pinea. Stranvaesia - Notes See Section A. Strawberry Tree - Notes See Arbutus. Stuartia - Notes Beautiful deciduous shrubs with flowers like small single Camellias. Pen...
-Sumach to Syringa - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Sumach - Notes See Rhus. Sweet Bay - Notes See Laurus. Sweet Gale - Notes Myrica Gale. Sycamore - Notes This popular tree is referred to in Chapter 9., also under Acer. The Sycamore is Acer Pse...
-Tamarix to Thermopsis - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Tamarix - Notes Tamarisk. One of the best of seaside shrubs; see Chapter 21. Gallica, with pink flowers in summer, height up to eight feet, is generally met with; but hispida aestivalis, a beautiful ...
-Thorns to Tricuspidaria - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Thorns - Notes See Chapters 8., 9., 13. and 24., also Crataegus. Thuya - Notes Remarks on these beautiful Conifers will be found in Chapter 17. Thuyopsis - Notes See Thuya. Tilia - Notes See Li...
-Trochodendron to Veronica - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Trochodendron - Notes The only species, aralioides, is an uncommon evergreen with glossy green leaves, growing up to twelve feet high, and bearing greenish flowers in spring. It can only be grown out...
-Viburnum - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
A large genus, and one which includes some very beautiful shrubs, notably Opulus, the Guelder Rose, and its form sterile, the Snowball Tree; and plicatum. V. Lantana is the Wayfaring Tree of the hedge...
-Vinca to Xanthorrhiza - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Vinca - Notes See Chapter 25. Virgilia - Notes See Cladrastis. Virginian Creeper - Notes See Chapter 18., also Ampelopsis in this section. Virgins Bower - Notes Clematis Flammula. Vitex - Note...
-Yucca to Zenobia - Notes on the Best Shrubs and Trees
Yucca - Notes See Chapters 16. and 19. for selections. They like sandy loam. Yulan - Notes See Magnolia conspicua. Zanthorrhiza - Notes The only species is apiifolia, a deciduous shrub growing up...









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