The title to this volume will not be likely to confuse the amateur, for, in speaking of the plants, he is accustomed to use the names in the senses they are now employed. At the same time, for reasons pointed out by Mr. Cuthbertson in his Introduction, the terms cannot be regarded as appropriate, for in botany the word Viola includes every section of the genus. In these matters, however, it is frequently custom rather than botanical science that establishes practice, and this applies to the present case.

The lowly plants Mr. Cuthbertson treats upon are amongst the most floriferous, most showy, most pleasantly fragrant flowers in the outdoor garden, and no one has more closely studied their culture than the present author.

By including Pansies and Violas in the "Present-Day Gardening" series, readers are provided for the first time with coloured plates setting forth the flowers in the most natural manner photographs can illustrate them.

I am indebted to Mr. W. Irving for notes on some of the more important species in the genus Viola.

Plate 1. Four Yellow Violas

Plate 1. Four Yellow Violas

Top: Redbraes Yellow. Maggie Clunas.

Bottom: Klondyke. General Baden-Powell.