The Rose Garden of modern days is planned to give harbourage to Roses of varied forms. It is often a roomy place, well protected by belts of shrubs or trees. Its walks are perhaps arched at the entrance, and converge upon a central space, wherein may be a bed, or a capacious water-basin, surrounded by a low wall, which offers an inviting seat in hot weather.
There are pillars, or tree stems, up which Roses clamber.
There are beds, and groups of beds. The leading idea is to give up separate beds to each variety, so arranging them that the beds, as a whole, blend together.
The design may be on Grass or gravel; if the latter, edged with stone. If the B beds are planted as dotted (gardener's quincunx or opposite vacancy system), 120 plants will be wanted. If three rows are planted in each bed, and the plants are 2 feet 6 inches from the edge and 3 feet apart, 116 plants will be required. The latter is the better arrangement. When the C beds are planted as dotted, 136 plants will be needed. If two rows are placed in each bed, the rows 2 feet 6 inches from the sides, and the plants 3 feet apart, 128 plants will be wanted.
There is an abundance of rambling and pillar Roses - sprawling fellows, with great long arms of blossom.
The modern Rose Garden owes much to the influence of Dean Hole. In his early Rose-growing days almost unconquerable in the show tent, the famous rosarian gave considerable attention, after his retirement from the arena, to the use of the Rose as a garden flower. His work and influence in this direction are likely to live when the memory of his show triumphs has passed away. More than one exquisite garden stands as a living monument to his skill and breadth of taste. As a case in point, the beautiful Rose Garden of Lady Falmouth, at Mereworth Castle, Kent, may be quoted. There are seen beds on turf, each planted wholly with one variety, the varieties comprising Teas, Hybrid Teas, and Perpetuals. There are arches, some covered with Crimson Rambler and its beautiful daughters Thalia, Aglaia, and Euphrosyne, others clad in glittering streamers of Longworth Rambler and Paul's Carmine Pillar.
The plan (Fig. 1) is a Rose Garden of the modern type. It is small, and. on that account, may suit the requirements of people whose means are limited. In addition to the plants, there will be an expense for arches and pillars. The most lasting form of arch is one of galvanised wire, painted with one coat of white-lead paint. The pillars may consist of Larch or Ash poles. In Hop-growing districts it is often possible to buy a few stout poles ready "pickled" from a friendly farmer. They should be 10 or 12 feet long, and 5 or 6 inches through at the base. If an arrangement cannot be made with a Hop grower, it will be necessary to peel and creosote the poles, or paint them with Stockholm tar thinned with petroleum.
Fig. 2 shows another design, a little smaller, but equally complete. Fig. 3 shows a medium-sized garden, complete with its sheltering banks of trees, and Fig. 4 a fourth, with some variation in the form of the beds.
The series of plans here given, with the table of references contiguous to each, will afford suggestions to those who wish to have a complete Rose home, whether small or large; but it would be regrettable if other people were frightened away from Rose-growing owing to lack of space and means for carrying out the ideas suggested. Houses have walls, gardens often have fences; arches and poles for pillars are cheap; beds can easily be prepared. However small the garden, a few Roses can be grown, and pleasure in bounteous store derived from them.