A, upper part of a standard in the first growth from the bud; a, stem, Brier or Dog Rose; b, point of cutting off the shoot in which the bud was inserted the previous summer about 1 inch beyond the bud during March; c, a vigorous shoot from the bud; d, point of pinching out the tip of the shoot as soon as it has made four leaves, not counting the small basal one
B: f, shoots which pushed as a result of pinching the shoot A c to four leaves; g, growths issuing after a second stopping.
C, one year old head after the spring pruning: h, the wood first made; i, the wood which formed as a result of stopping the shoot from the bud at the fourth leaf. These four shoots, shortened to two buds each, are certain to give eight flowering growths the following summer.
D, one year old standard: j, shoot from the central eye of the bud; k, growths from the side eyes of the bud: l, points of pruning, each shoot to two buds.
E, two years old standard (D a year older): m, vigorous shoots that have produced fine blooms; n, points where shoots have been rubbed off while quite small; o, points of pruning to two buds.
F, a three years old standard (E a year older): p, shoots that have produced good blooms; q, points of pruning to two buds; in the following summer two shoots are allowed to remain on each portion of the previous year's wood.
G, head of two years old standard (D in previous year), pruned as there shown, each shoot to two buds: r, shoots shortened to two buds.
H, three years old standard (G a year older); s, shoots pruned to two buds.