Fig. 22. How To Plant The Rose Maréchal Niel In A Lean-to-House

B, a section of a lean-to house: a, subsoil; b, the back wall, preferably built hollow; c, the front wall; d, the front light, opening the whole length of the house by a crank and lever apparatus; e, the roof; f the top light, opening the whole length of the house by a crank and lever apparatus; g, the wall coping; h, the opening apparatus; i, the spout; j, the trellis wires, 6 inches apart, with stays not less than 1 foot or more than 16 inches from the glass; wire No. 10 galvanised, given one coat of white lead paint after fixing; k, the back wall wires, 6 inches apart, and not more than 1 inch from the wall; I, 4-inch hot-water pipes (flow and return); m, a 4-inch tile drain, which must run the whole length of the house, and have a proper fall and outlet; n, drainage (rubble, half-brick size at the bottom, decreasing upwards, and finishing with a 2-inch layer of old mortar rubbish); o, the border (turfy loam of medium texture, 12 parts; fresh horse droppings, 1 part; bones, crushed, 1/2 inch, 1/4 part; mixed); p, a Maréchal Niel Rose properly planted, the roots being disentangled after being turned out of their pot, and spread out evenly in the border; q, a back wall plant, such as Safrano or Climbing Niphetos; r, a batten pathway, dressed when quite dry with three coats of Stockholm tar thinned to a paint-like consistency with paraffin oil, allowing to become dry between the coats. Outside planting: s, a 3-inch tile drain; t, the drainage; u, the border; v, the Rose introduced through an aperture made in the wall, allowing plenty of room for the stem to swell, the stem outside being wrapped with hay bands or hair felt, and the roots well protected during winter from severe frost.