A, one year old plant of a vigorous growing Rose cut down close to the ground, or to within three buds of the junction of stock and scion: a, point of shortening the maiden (the first growth from the Rose bud) in the spring after planting; b, vigorous shoots developing from the buds, all others (unless very strong) being rubbed off.
B, two years old plant of a vigorous growing Rose, showing the difference between pruning fora dwarf and a pegged-down plant: c, points of pruning for a dwarf plant; d, points of shortening for pegging down, only the unripe points of the growths being removed; e, pruned shoots pegged down, thus causing the buds to break evenly along their whole length; f, strong shoots issuing from the base of the branches, and which, allowed to grow in the desired number, form the growths for pegging down in the following season, the other branches that have flowered being cut away in their favour in the autumn after blooming.
C, a developed pegged-down Rose showing the flowered and successional growths: g, flowered branches (pegged-down shoots of the preceding year's growth); k, young successional shoots for pegging down to take the place of the flowered branches when the latter are cut away to the base. [Note. - Some of the most promising of the older branches may be retained, especially those with young, strong wood, for covering the space evenly.]
D, a pruned, established, pegged-down Rose: i, one year old shoots shortened and pegged down; j, two years old branches spur pruned and retained for furnishing the space evenly with foliage and bloom when there is not a sufficiency of young shoots.