E, part of a hedge of Sweet Brier: s, plants untrimmed in the season of growth, a plan sometimes adopted in the first season; t, points of pruning to ensure a compact and branched habit; u, plants that have had the tops cut off at an even height, and straggling side growths shortened regularly in July or early August, thus inducing a compact growth.
F, end of a hedge of Sweet Brier in bloom, indicating the desirable formation which is secured by shortening straggling side growths and topping upright growths during the growing season.
G, one year old plant of Scotch Rose, Rosa spinosissima, from a cutting: v, roots; w, depth of planting; x, top, usually not requiring shortening.
H, hedge of Scotch Rose in flower, the sides being trimmed to form a shape about twice as wide at the bottom as at the top of the hedge.
I, end of Scotch Rose hedge of natural formation, only the irregularities of growth being removed as desired for symmetry.