A, a one year old plant from a cutting properly potted and pruned. Section of pot (8-inch): a, drainage; b, layer of rough compost; c, soil; d, space for water. Plant: e, roots coiled round the inside of the pot, and soil worked amongst them; f, the strongest and leading growth shortened to two buds; g, side shoots pruned to one bud each when the buds begin to swell.
B, a two years old plant (A a year older) shifted into a larger pot (10-inch) in September, only removing the crocks and loose soil at the sides of the ball. Section of pot: k, drainage; i, rough compost; j, soil; k, ball; l, space for water; m, points of pruning the long shoots, only removing immature points or shortening to the length desired; n, points of shortening the weaker shoots, as it is desirable to have the growths of different lengths for twining round the stakes or trellis, and the larger ones, as a rule, do not break well at the lower part.
C, a three years old plant coming into flower, the two strongest shoots having been twined the same way round four stakes, and reaching the same height, the other two shoots having been coiled round the stakes at the lower part of the column, and then secured by fastening the stakes at the top to a stout wire hoop.
The Climbing Roses are very fine when grown in this manner. After flowering they should be cut down, and strong shoots encouraged from the base.