Fig. 6. Stocks For Roses. II. Cutting Brier

E, one year old plant of common Brier or Dog Rose of the hedges (Rosa canina) from a cutting of one year old, thoroughly ripened wood: d, the portion of the stem from which buds were carefully removed; e, base; f, depth at which the cutting was placed in the soil; g, a strong root which has taken a straight down course; h, vigorous roots inclined to a downward course; i, short fibrous roots; j, strong shoots from the buds left in the cutting above ground; k, point of inserting a bud in the stem, as sometimes practised for Teas, Hybrid Teas, and other Roses to ensure growth from the scion if the tops happen to be cut to the ground by frost; l, point of cutting off the top of the stock when the scion is growing; m, points of inserting buds for dwarf plants; n, points of cutting off the shoots of the stocks when the scions are growing; o, points of shortening the roots at transplanting.

F, two years plant of Brier from a cutting: p, points at which the first year's shoots were cut back to one bud each; q, straight down root bent into a semi-horizontal position; r, side roots shortened at planting; s, point of budding below ground; t, points of budding on young shoots; u, point of cutting back when the stock is worked below the ground; v, points of shortening when the stock is budded above ground.; w, depth of planting.