It would be waste of space to devote a lengthy chapter to Parsnips after what has already been said about soil and manuring, also about Beetroots and Carrots.

Fig. 60. Results Of Surface Manuring On Parsnips.

Fig. 60. Results Of Surface Manuring On Parsnips.

A, manure placed within 6 inches of the surface: a, soil; b, manure; e, e, f, plants forked.

B, manure placed 9 inches from the surface: g, soil; h, manure; k, l, m, roots forked.

The secret of growing fine Parsnips is to deepen and pulverise the soil, and sweeten it with lime. He who does this, sows seed thinly in March in rows 15 to 18 inches asunder, and thins his plants, gets a crop, and generally a good one.

Fig. 61. How To Grow Prize Parsnips.

Fig. 61. How To Grow Prize Parsnips.

E, v, fine surface soil; w, lower soil; x, hole made 30 inches deep; y, shallow hole made with a dibbler.

F, z, prize root in deep hole; a, good ordinary root in shallow hole.

That manure is wasteful is proved by the fact that the finest of roots are produced in specially made holes filled with nothing except sandy loam.

The best all round variety is Hollow Crown; the best for exhibition, The Student; the best for flavour, Tender and True.