I cannot believe that the general system of manuring Peas is based on true principles of garden economy. I believe three parts of the manure used to be unnecessary, and therefore wasteful. The fact that fine crops of Peas may be, and are, grown with the use of dung, proves nothing at all. The thick and-thin supporters of the manure cart erroneously think that it proves everything. In common, doubtless, with many others, I am constantly hearing or reading of Pea growers who have trenched or double trenched for their Peas, and have worked in a heavy dressing of dung. As a result, they are able to point to some very fine pods, and they do so, often with triumph. There is nothing whatever strange in this, nor does it influence me in the slightest degree. If it comes to that, I have done the same thing myself in the past. I do not question the merits of the gentlemen in question as Pea growers, but as garden economists. Equally as fine Peas may be grown without the dung as with it, and equally as many may be grown. In short, it is not the dung that does the work. It may be argued by some: "If we do not use dung for the Peas we must use artificials: we can get dung for nothing, but artificials we should have to buy: how now, Sir Critic?" The answer is easy. Even if dung may be got without purchase, it is still wasteful to use it when a better purpose can be found for it, and, as to artificials, they are no more a necessity than dung. The great want of the Pea plant is moisture. If a man with unlimited dung to work into his ground were to apply it in the top spit, without trenching, and a very dry spring and summer were to follow, he would have no guarantee whatever of a good crop. The probability is that it would be a very poor one. If another man used no dung all, but trenched his ground, and when early summer came soaked his trenches and mulched his plants with loose soil, he would most likely have a very good crop. The man who can keep his Peas growing when dry weather comes is the man whose plants ward off thrips, red spider, and mildew. No solids will keep them growing, but liquids will. A Pea plant that has moisture can afford to laugh at manure. The successful Pea grower's routine generally comprises three things - trenches or trenching, dung, liquid manure. When he succeeds, he almost invariably, by some mysterious process of reasoning, works it out that dung has done the work. In reality, it is the other two. I have proved, by repeated and careful experiments, that the finest of both garden and Sweet Peas may be grown by the following simple plan: First trench the ground, doing this in autumn; in February line out the rows where the Peas are to come, and take out 9 inches of soil, laying it along the side of the trench; sprinkle along the bottom of the trench superphosphate at the rate of one handful to the yard. Leave the super to become precipitated, and the soil on the edge of the trench to sweeten for about three weeks; then put back half the soil, sow the seeds on it, and cover them not less than 2 inches deep. Leave the remainder of the soil where it is until a spell of dry weather sets in, then soak the trenches and mulch with the spare soil. If the Peas are thinly grown, and the shoots are topped, immense pods will swell up, and if liquid manure, whether natural or artificial, is supplied from time to time, the plants will go on growing and bearing. As regards the abstract comparative merits of natural and artificial manures for Peas, I am inclined to favour the former for early and the latter for late produce. I am aware that the general opinion is to the contrary, but I believe it to be wrong. On rows of Sweet Peas manured half their length with dung and half with artificials, I have noticed that the former are flowering first and the latter last. And this has been very clearly and distinctly marked, too. Soil in which dung is decaying is probably warmer and drier than soil without it. The warmth would be in favour of early development, but the drought would militate against continuance. In speaking of artificials as being slower in action than dung, and therefore suiting late Peas better, earlier not quite so well, I must take care to make it clear that I allude to such fertilisers as superphosphate, bone flour, and kainit. Nitrogenous manures, like nitrate of soda and sulphate of ammonia, would act more quickly, but their use ought to be limited to coaxing a plant along through the medium of liquid manure when, in the midst of a hard struggle with drought, it is inclined to languish.