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Colon Hygiene | by J.H. Kellogg, M. D., LL.D.



Comprising New and Important Facts Concerning the Physiology of the Colon and an Account of Practical and Successful Methods of Combating Intestinal Inactivity and Toxemia.

TitleColon Hygiene
AuthorJ.H. Kellogg, M. D., LL.D.
PublisherBattle Creek, Michigan Good Health Publishing Co.
Year1916
Copyright1916, J. H. Kellogg.
AmazonColon Hygiene
-Preface
That most despised and neglected portion of the body, the colon, has in recent years been made the subject of much scientific study and research, with the result that a lively controversy has been sti...
-The Colon, The Structure Of The Food Tube, Normal Position Of The Colon
The Colon Ignoring technical anatomical details the food canal may be described as a muscular tube about ten times the length of the body, measuring the trunk from the top of the head to the end of t...
-The Physiology Of The Colon, The Wrong Use To Which We Put The Colon, The First Function Of The Colon
The Physiology Of The Colon The function of the colon is largely that of a receptacle for unusable and waste matters, a sort of human garbage box. On this account, perhaps, this part of the food tube...
-Movements Of The Colon, The Pelvic Colon
Movements Of The Colon Like the stomach, the colon has movements peculiar to itself, - four very distinct modes of contraction. These are: 1. Molding movements, by which the contents are slowly comp...
-The Digestive Time Table, Evacuation Of The Colon
The Digestive Time Table Cecum.................................... 4 hrs. Hepatic flexure_____________ 6 hrs. Splenic flexure____________ 8 hrs. Iliac colon_________________ 9 hrs. Pelvic colon _...
-The Ileocecal Valve And Its Function, Action Of The Ileocecal Sphincter, Normal Bowel Action, The Mechanism Of Defecation
The Ileocecal Valve And Its Function This is an extremely interesting and important anatomical structure, which, though, known to science for three hundred and fifty years, has received almost no att...
-The "Call"
The Call Natural bowel movement is preceded by sensations which clearly indicate the necessity for evacuation of the bowels. The mechanism of this instinctive notification of the necessity for givi...
-The Lost "Call", Why Do The Bowels Move Periodically?
The Lost Call The call to bowel movement is like the call of the alarm clock set to awaken one in the morning. If not responded to, it soon ceases to be heard. It is like the voice of conscience,...
-The Feces, Composition Of The Feces, Quantity, The Microbes Of The Intestine
The Feces The composition of the colon contents, the feces, is very complicated and highly variable, depending very largely upon the character of the food. The bowel discharges of the nursing infant ...
-Excretory Products, Examination Of The Stools, Influences Which Excite Movements Of The Colon
Excretory Products Not the least important constituents of the feces are the waste products which they contain, a fact quite too often overlooked. The mucous membrane of the intestine, like the skin,...
-The Bile, The Influence Of Bulk
The Bile The bile is a normal stimulant to the colon, but for some curious reason does not act upon the small intestine. This seems unfortunate, for there is an increasing volume of evidence that in ...
-The Sugars, Fruit And Vegetable Acids, Fats, Gases, Eating, Psychic Influences, Electricity, Mechanical Vibration, Massage
The Sugars Other elements of the food besides bulk, exert a marked influence upon the activity of the digestive organs. All the sugars stimulate intestinal activity. Roger thinks this action is confi...
-Abdominal Compression, Exercise, Posture, Hot And Cold Applications, Influences Which Lessen Intestinal Movements, Liquid Foods, Concentrated Foods, The Properties Of Fruit Juices
Abdominal Compression This method acts upon the intestine by increasing the intra-abdominal pressure. It is most effective when applied in cases in which the abdominal muscles are weak and relaxed. ...
-Fasting, Pain, Miscellaneous Causes, The Causes Of Constipation
Fasting In a state of absolute fasting the intestine is in a state of complete inactivity. The normal stimulus of food is lacking, and there is nothing to call forth the rhythmical activities which a...
-The Rationale Of Constipation
To fully comprehend the influence of various habits and conditions in developing constipation, it is necessary to have in mind the mechanism of defecation and the conditions essential to the normal co...
-Habits Which Give Rise To Constipation, Hasty Eating, Excessive Mastication, Insufficient Bulk
Habits Which Give Rise To Constipation In considering the habits of life common among civilized people which give rise to constipation, we shall not undertake to arrange the subject matter in the ord...
-Meat Eating, Milk, A Bland Or Monotonous Diet
Meat Eating Carnivorous animals have a short alimentary canal and a smooth colon. The movement of food stuffs along this short, smooth passage is rapid. This is necessary for the preservation of the ...
-The Exclusive Use Of Cooked Food, Hot Foods And Drinks
The Exclusive Use Of Cooked Food While it is true that the cooking of food in general increases digestibility, experience in the feeding of both infants and adults has clearly shown that a diet consi...
-A Meager Or Low Diet, Constipating Diets
A Meager Or Low Diet Many persons suffer from constipation because they do not eat enough. They are in constant fear of overloading the stomach and bowels, and the consequence is that these organs la...
-Fasting, Obesity, Condiments
Fasting Fasting, which is sometimes prescribed as a reme-dial measure, necessarily leads to constipation, unless some preventive method is adopted. The use of the enema is not sufficient. Washing out...
-Irregular Meals, Tea And Coffee, Insufficient Fluid
Irregular Meals When the meals are not taken regularly, the rhythmic peristaltic impulse by which the feces are pushed forward from the colon into the rectum is lacking. If for example, a person's ha...
-Irregular Sleep, Incorrect Breathing
Irregular Sleep The resumption of bodily activity on rising in the morning is one of the important means by which the bowels are made to act with regularity, by stimulating the colon to empty a porti...
-Deficient Exercise, Resisting The "Call"
Deficient Exercise The relation between exercise and breathing and the necessity for vigorous and untrammeled action of the diaphragm have been already referred to in the preceding paragraphs. Exerci...
-Deficient Exercise, Resisting The "Call". Continued
As the necessary result of this gradual accumulation, the pelvic loop of colon becomes distended more and more. This fact accounts for the variation in the size of this part of the colon which is far ...
-Hurried Defecation, Unnatural Posture In Defecation
Hurried Defecation The act of defecation normally occupies but a few seconds. The colon acts with so much celerity that when watched under the penetrating X-rays its movements can scarcely be followe...
-The Use Of Tobacco, Alcohol And Other Narcotic Drugs, The Use Of Purgatives
The Use Of Tobacco Numerous laboratory experiments have shown that the use of tobacco in any form has a paralyzing effect upon the splanchnic nerves. Without the aid of the sympathetic nerves, normal...
-Disorders Of The Digestive Tube Associated With And Causing Constipation, Lack Of Appetite, Painful Affections Of The Abdomen
Disorders Of The Digestive Tube Associated With And Causing Constipation The disorders of the alimentary canal, which give rise to constipation, are very numerous. Some are purely functional in chara...
-Depressing Emotions, Obstructions, Contracted Colon, Incompetency Of The Ileocecal Valve
Depressing Emotions Fear, disappointment, anger, or any depressing emotion, may, through the sympathetic nerves, cause reflex constipation. Prof. Anderson, an eminent Danish physiologist who has made...
-"Greedy Colon", Excessive Dryness Of The Feces, Contraction Of The Ileocecal Valve, Delay At The Hepatic Flexure, Delay At The Splenic Flexure, Delay At The Pelviorectal Junction
Greedy Colon Goodhard, Schmidt, and others hold that abnormal dryness of the feces may be produced by excessive digestion and absorption, leaving so little residue that the bulk of the intestinal c...
-Thickening Of Houston's Valves, Delay At The Outlet, Kinks, "Lane's Kink", Mechanical Effects Of Constipation, The Bad Effects Of Straining
Thickening Of Houston's Valves It is believed by some surgeons that these membranous valves sometimes become so thickened as to form an obstruction to the passage of feces. The writer has seen no cas...
-Stricture, Cancers And Tumors, Intussusception, Disturbance Of The Discharging Mechanism, Weak Contraction Of The Diaphragm, Feeble Contraction Of The Abdominal Muscles, Deficient Contraction Of The Colon
Stricture The bowel may be narrowed by the contraction of the scar left behind by a healed ulcer due to tuberculosis, typhoid fever or other cause. When such strictures are present, the peristaltic m...
-Injured Levator Ani Muscles, Anal Disease, Loss Of Rectal Reflex, Alimentary Toxemia Or Intestinal Autointoxication
Injured Levator Ani Muscles When these muscles are crippled so that they cannot contract properly, the rectum is not emptied but remains relaxed and filled with feces, which give rise to much annoyan...
-Bacteria Of The Intestine
Roger, the eminent successor of Bouchard, described no less than one hundred sixty different species of bacteria which have been found in the alimentary canal. Many of these produce no poisons. Others...
-Acid-Forming Bacteria
Professor Tissier, of Paris, well known as one of the leading savants of the renowned Pasteur Institute, many years ago made a profound study of the bacteria of the intestine and established the fact,...
-Acid-Forming Bacteria. Continued
Tissier's experiments showed that the Bulgarian lactic ferment has such great vitality that it is able to live in the colon. Its great activity in the formation of acids enables it to kill off the ana...
-Alimentary Toxemia, Important Discussion Of Alimentary Toxemia Before The Royal Society Of Medicine Of Great Britain, Poisons Of Alimentary Intestinal Toxemia, Symptoms And Diseases Due To Alimentary Toxemia
Alimentary Toxemia The condition known as intestinal autointoxication, intestinal toxemia, and more recently termed alimentary toxemia, is one of the natural and most far-reaching consequences of con...
-The Digestive Organs, Heart And Blood-Vessels, The Nervous System, The Eyes, The Skin, Muscles And Joints, Genito-Urinary And Reproductive Organs
The Digestive Organs Duodenal ulcer causing partial or complete obstruction of the duodenum; pyloric spasm; pyloric obstruction; distension and dilatation of the stomach; gastric ulcer; cancer of the...
-General Disorders And Disturbances Of Nutrition, Changing The Intestinal Flora
General Disorders And Disturbances Of Nutrition Degeneration of the organs of elimination, especially the liver, kidneys (Bright's disease) and spleen; pernicious anemia; lowered resistance to infect...
-The "Milk Regimen", The "Fruit Regimen"
The Milk Regimen Cow's milk is not a natural food for grown-ups, either human or bovine. Milk is deficient in iron, and contains an excess of protein, and lime. Cow's milk disagrees with many perso...
-Forms Of Constipation Classification, The Symptoms Of Simple Constipation, Symptoms Of Cumulative Constipation, Symptoms Of Latent Constipation
Forms Of Constipation Classification Constipation, although a symptom rather than a disease, itself becomes a cause of various and often most serious vital disturbances. Every bodily function and eve...
-Mixed Forms Of Constipation, The Treatment Of Constipation, Hygiene, General Habits, Clothing, Constipation Always Curable
Mixed Forms Of Constipation The majority of cases of constipation may be clearly assigned to one of the above-defined classes. Not infrequently, however, cases are encountered which present most of t...
-What Is A Cure Of Constipation?, When Is Surgery Needed?
What Is A Cure Of Constipation? When a child has measles or scarlatina or when a person suffers an attack of typhoid fever, the usual result under modern management is such a recovery that no traces ...
-Regularity Of Meals Necessary, Supplementary Bowel Movements
Regularity Of Meals Necessary The bowels do not move without a reason for moving. The pelvic colon is an ejecting apparatus for expelling fecal residues, which works only when brought into action by ...
-Sleep, Posture During Sleep, Diet In Constipation
Sleep The important relation of sleep to constipation is shown by the fact that loss of sleep, or a change of sleeping hours from night to day, very quickly upsets the bowel rhythm when it is nicely ...
-The Laxative Properties Of Foods, Atoxic And Antitoxic Properties Of Foods, Antitoxic Value Of Uncooked Foods
The Laxative Properties Of Foods The properties of food stuffs to which a laxative influence is due may be briefly enumerated as follows: 1. Sapid qualities to which flavor or tastes are due. 2. Bu...
-The Antitoxic Laxative Diet, Cellulose-Containing Foods, Diets. Normal Diet. Fruit. Green Vegetables& Graham Bread
The Antitoxic Laxative Diet Every constipated person, then, requires a bill of fare consisting of antitoxic and laxative foods. It is most essential that his diet should eliminate flesh foods of all ...
-Sterilized Wheat Bran, Agar-Agar
Sterilized Wheat Bran One of the oldest and certainly the most valuable remedy in the treatment of constipation is ordinary wheat-bran. Bran consists almost entirely or very largely of cellulose in a...
-Number And Size Of Meals, The Use Of Bran, Recipes For The Use Of Bran
Number And Size Of Meals In very many cases of chronic constipation the colon, especially the cecum, has become so dilated that it is seriously crippled. Its thin, atrophied walls are unable to handl...
-Baths And Other Home Treatments For Constipation, The Exercise Bath, The Cold Douche, The Simultaneous Hot And Cold Douche
Baths And Other Home Treatments For Constipation Water may render great service in constipation, through the general improvement in health which may be secured by its sytematic use. Cold water is of ...
-Abdominal Pouring Douche, Hot Sitz And Cold Pour, Rubbing Cold Sitz Bath, The Sedative Sitz Bath, Alternate Applications To The Abdomen, The Wet Girdle, Fomentation To The Abdomen, Combined Hot Bath And Hot Douche
Abdominal Pouring Douche When a douche apparatus is not available, a very efficient abdominal douche may be applied in an ordinary bath tub. A hot bath at the temperature of 102 to 103 sho...
-The Hot Sitz, The Photophore, And The Electric Thermophore, The Enema, The Hot Water Enema, The Hot Soap Enema, The Hot Saline Enema
The Hot Sitz The hot sitz bath at a temperature of 112 to 118, duration two to three minutes, cannot be too highly praised as a measure of the highest value for use in the treatment of refl...
-The Cold Water Enema, The Oil Enema, Sugar And Water Enema, Paraffin Oil Enema, The Alum Enema, The Glycerine Enema, The Cold Rectal Douche
The Cold Water Enema A cold application to the interior of the bowel is one of the most powerful means of stimulation which can be safely employed. Half a pint of water at a temperature of 50 wi...
-Injury From Drug Laxatives, White Russian Paraffin Oil
Injury From Drug Laxatives While the temporary use of medicinal laxatives is sometimes necessary, and always justifiable when required as an emergency means, there can be no doubt that the continued ...
-Injury From Drug Laxatives, White Russian Paraffin Oil. Part 2
Paraffin oil will not remedy every defect in the defecating process and hence will not cure every case of constipation, but it comes nearer being a panacea than any remedy which has heretofore been fo...
-Injury From Drug Laxatives, White Russian Paraffin Oil. Part 3
8. Paraffin serves another useful protective purpose in hindering the absorption of poisons by mucous surfaces which have been deprived of their epithelium. The normal epithelial covering of the intes...
-Objectionable Features Of Paraffin, Paraffin Tablets, Lubrication Of The Rectum, Exercises Which Combat Constipation, Hill Climbing, Horseback Riding, Rowing
Objectionable Features Of Paraffin The.few unpleasant effects attending the use of paraffin are really so slight in character that they are generally easily overcome. Sometimes, however, they constit...
-Tennis, The Medicine Ball, Work Exercise, Posture, To Correct The Standing Posture, Exercises To Correct The Sitting Posture
Tennis Tennis may be highly commended for young persons and those who are sufficiently strong to engage in this form of exercise without injury. Thi9 very popular game is, however, too vigorous for p...
-Breathing Exercise, Rocking Chair Exercise, Exercise To Raise The Chest, To Strengthen The Abdominal Muscles, Trunk Raising Exercise, Rolling Exercise, Rocking Exercise, Lying, Arm And Trunk Exercise With Deep Breathing, Squatting Exercise, Running On All Fours, Knee-Chest Breathing, Colon Compressing Exercise, Inclined Plane Exercises
Breathing Exercise Sit with the hands at the back of the neck, and the elbows in line with the shoulders, the chest held high, and the abdominal muscles well drawn in. Raise the heels and make rapid ...
-Getting In Position, Exercises, Position, Colon Replacing Exercises, Abdominal Compression-Breathing, Diaphragm Exercise, Exaggerated Knee-Chest Breathing, Leg Raising, Trunk Twisting, Hips Rolling, Static Exercises
Getting In Position The following is a convenient method of placing one's self in position upon the table: Standing upon the left side of the table grasp the strap with the right hand. Sit down upon ...
-Tension Exercises, Special Means To Aid Defecation, An Exercise Program
Tension Exercises During life the muscles are always in a state of tension; that is, every muscle is more or less active even when it seems to be at rest. This tension is increased by cold to the poi...
-Abdominal Massage, Massage Of The Cecum, Mechanical Kneading And Vibration
Abdominal Massage Before beginning the treatment of any case of constipation by massage, a careful study of the case should be made, so that the causes of the condition present may be well understood...
-Self-Kneading Of The Bowels At Stool, The Cannon Ball, The Weighted Compress, The Shot Bag, Pneumatic Compression Of The Abdomen
Self-Kneading Of The Bowels At Stool In many cases of cumulative constipation the chief trouble is in the pelvic colon. This loop of intestine, usually about a foot in length, and possessing thick mu...
-The Abdominal Supporter, Efficient Electrical Methods, Automatic Exercise, Electrical Stimulation Of The Colon, Electrical Stimulation Of The Rectum
The Abdominal Supporter While compression of the trunk at the waist is always harmful, compression and support of the lower abdomen is of great service in many cases, because of the unnatural feeblen...
-Diathermy Or Thermopenetration, Special Treatment Of Different Types Of Constipation, Treatment Of Simple Constipation, Diet
Diathermy Or Thermopenetration This new application of electricity which we owe to Dr. Nagelschmidt, of Berlin, is a most interesting medical use of the so-called wireless electrical current. In the ...
-Treatment Of Cumulative Constipation
Treatment Of Cumulative Constipation In the treatment of cumulative constipation it is to be borne in mind that the principal obstacle to bowel movement is the undue accumulation of fecal matters eit...
-Treatment Of Cumulative Constipation. Continued
By the systematic use of the cold enema the dilated colon may gradually be restored to its normal size; its relaxed walls will recover their tone, and its function will be more properly performed. Whe...
-Treatment Of Latent Constipation, The Treatment Of Spastic And Reflex Constipation
Treatment Of Latent Constipation In this form of constipation the stools are regular, the bowels move every day, and there is no accumulation of feces in the rectum. The patient is generally unaware ...
-The Treatment Of Mixed Cases Of Constipation, Treatment Of Disorders Which Result From Constipation, Catarrhal Colitis
The Treatment Of Mixed Cases Of Constipation In many, perhaps the majority of cases of constipation, the type of the disease is mixed. The association of spastic constipation with latent or cumulativ...
-Catarrhal Colitis. Continued
The frequent bowel movement in colitis is due not only to the irritation produced by the stagnation of fecal contents but to the fact that the contracted bowel relaxes at intervals and permits the pas...
-Treatment, Measures Essential In The Treatment Of Colitis
Treatment The successful treatment of colitis requires, first of all, a change of the intestinal flora; that is, the infectious bacteria to which the disease is due must be gotten rid of. Since the f...
-Proctitis, Muco-Membranous Colitis, Treatment, Enlargement Of The Liver And Spleen
Proctitis In cases in which cumulative constipation involves the rectum, infection, here known as proctitis, develops in this part also. Infection may extend from the pelvic colon into the rectum. Wh...
-Fecal Tumors, Volvulus, Disorders Of The Stomach, Diseases Of The Heart And Blood Vessels, Premature Senility, Disease Of The Kidneys
Fecal Tumors When the obstruction which causes a delay in the movement of feces through the colon is permanent, the mass of accumulated feces may attain such a size as to be easily felt through the a...
-Movable Kidney, Disease Of The Liver And Gall-Bladder, Insomnia, Headache, Rachitis, Arrest Of Growth And Other Disturbances Of Nutrition In Infants
Movable Kidney The right kidney is so closely connected with the hepatic flexure of the colon that any change of position of this portion of the colon must have more or less effect upon the kidney. W...
-Cancer, Tuberculosis Of The Bowels, Backache, Exophthalmic Goitre, Myxedema
Cancer The discoveries of Ross respecting the cause of cancer show very clearly the reason for the special frequency of cancer in the pelvic colon and the rectum. According to Ross, cancer is due to ...
-Chronic Rheumatism And Rheumatic Gout (Osteo-Arthritis), Pigmentation Of The Skin And Skin Diseases, Eczema, Psoriasis, Itching Skin Without Eruption
Chronic Rheumatism And Rheumatic Gout (Osteo-Arthritis) Both these diseases are closely associated with constipation and alimentary toxemia. Herter showed that certain putrefactive organisms are alwa...
-Vertigo, Disorders Of The Urinary And Generative Organs, Fecal Fever
Vertigo This unpleasant symptom is a very common result of constipation. Vertigo is a common symptom in cases of arteriosclerosis caused by constipation, and sometimes results from irritation produce...
-Flatulency, Foul Tongue And Bad Breath
Flatulency This symptom may result either from the excessive formation of gas in the intestine, or from the accumulation of gas. A certain amount of gas is natural. The presence of gas in the intesti...
-Hemorrhoids, Anal Fissure Or Ulcer, Anal Itching, Rectal Prolapse, Anal Incontinence, Anal Spasm, Abdominal Tenderness, Colic Pains, "Kinks"
Hemorrhoids The pain and inconvenience from hemorrhoids is usually the result of infection. The distended veins do little harm unless inflamed. The infection results from the retention of fecal matte...
-Bowel Habits Of Uncivilized Man
Bowel Habits Of Uncivilized Man Civilized human beings have departed so far from natural primitive modes of life, and have adopted so many unphysiologic practices, that it is quite impossible from th...
-Bowel Habits Of Uncivilized Man. Part 2
As regard the frequency of bowel movements, physicians located in the following countries, reported the usual custom to be two or more daily, usually two, for the very good reason that two meals only ...
-Bowel Habits Of Uncivilized Man. Part 3
Foods coarse, and largely vegetable, especially among the country people, which means four-fifths of the population. Chinese are not meat eaters to a great extent. - F. F. Tucker, Pangkiachwang, Sha...
-Bowel Habits Of Uncivilized Man. Part 4
The following extracts from replies to our questionaire illustrate the habits of people in relation to bowel movements and the simple but often highly sensible methods employed by them for relief: T...
-The Colon Code
The Colon Code 1. Move the bowels at least three times a day. (See pages 211, 212, 219.) 2. Answer the call, even the slightest, at once. Delay of five or ten minutes may be disastrous. (See pages...







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previous page: The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine. Volume 2. | by J. H. Kellogg, M.D.page up: Health and Healing Booksnext page: Health | by W. H. Corfield