Aparine vulgaris C. B. Philanthropus. Goosegrass or cleavers: a slender, rough, annual plant, spreading upon bushes and sticking to whatever it touches; with four-square, brittle, jointed stalks; oblong narrow leaves, set in form of a star, about eight at a joint; and small whitish bell-shaped flowers, followed by little round burs.

The leaves and stalks of aparine yield upon expression a large quantity of turbid green juice, which when depurated becomes clear and red-dish. The leaves in substance have, no smell, and very little taste: the juice also, in its dilute state, seems little more than watery and herbaceous; but when infpiffated to the consistence of an extract, it affects the organs of taste strongly, though only momentarily, with a pungent saline bitterness.

The juice of this herb has been given, in doses of two or three ounces, as an aperient in obstructions of the viscera, and as a diuretic in hydropic cases and suppressions of urine. *This medicine came into great vogue for scorbutic complaints a few years ago, in consequence of a letter printed in the news-papers. It was found in several cases to have a considerable effect, probably merely as a fresh vegetable juice, as its visible operation manifested very little activity. It seems now to be again fallen into neglect.