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An Experimental History Of The Materia Medica | by William Lewis



Or of the natural and artificial substances made use of in medicine: containing a compendious view of their natural history, an account of their pharmaceutic properties, and an estimate of their medicinal powers, so far as they can be ascertained by experience, or by rational induction from their sensible qualities.

TitleAn Experimental History Of The Materia Medica
AuthorWilliam Lewis
PublisherJ. Johnson
Year1791
Copyright1791, William Lewis

An Experimental History Of The Materia Medica, Or Of The Natural And Artificial Substances Made Use Of In Medicine:

Containing A Compendious View Of Their Natural History, An account of their Pharmaceutic properties, And an Estimate of their Medicinal Powers, So far as they can be ascertained by experience, or by rational induction from their sensible qualities,

By William Lewis, M. B. F. R. S.

In Two Volumes

The Fourth Edition,

With numerous Additions and Corrections By John Alkin, M.D.

Rationalem quidem puto Medicinam esse debere: instrui vero ab evidentibus. Celsus.

London:

Printed for J. Johnson, in St. Paul's Church-Yard; R. Baldwin, in Pater-noster-Row; J. Sewell, in Cornbill; and S. Hayes, in Oxford-Street.

MDCCXCI.

-Advertisement To The Third Edition
A considerable time having elapsed since the last publication of Dr. Lewis's very valuable work, it was thought ne-cessary, now that a new edition was demanded, to procure such additions and correctio...
-Advertisement To The Fourth Edition
Since the preceding edition was pub-lished, the London college of physicians have given a new edition of their Pharmacopoeia, in several respects materially altered from that of 1746, especially in th...
-Preface
The medicinal materials, in the infancy of physic necessarily few, were by degrees exuberantly multiplied; and new ones are still, from time to time, discovered and introduced. Their estimation and us...
-Preface. Part 2
After botany had been regularly cultivated, and methodized into systems; it was observed that several of the plants, which had been ranged together from their agreement or affinity in botanic characte...
-Preface. Part 3
There are substances, in which all the foregoing means of investigation fail; and which operate by some latent power, of which they give little or no intimation to the senses. Of this kind are most of...
-1. Of The Collection And Curation Of Simples
Vegetables should be gathered chiefly from those foils, in which they naturally delight, or in which they are found most commonly to rife fpontaneous; for, though many of them may be raised, and made ...
-2. General Pharmaceutic Analysis Of Vegetables By Incision And Pressure
The medicinal juices of vegetables commonly reside in distinct vessels; and often exude upon the surface, from a spontaneous rupture, or artificial incisions of them. The juices of herbs and trees iss...
-3. General Pharmaceutic Analysis Of Vegetable And Animal Substances By Menstrua
Water, the proper menstruum of gums, of gellies, and of salts, extracts the gummy and fa-line parts of vegetables, and the gelatinous matter of animals. By the mediation of these principles, it dissol...
-4. General Chemical Analysis Of Vegetable And Animal Substances, And Mineral Bitumens, By Fire
Vegetable substances, burnt in the open air, are resolved, partly into smoke, which, con-densed, forms foot; and partly into white ashes, which generally give out, on being boiled in water, a fixt alk...
-5. Calcination Of Metallic Bodies
The metals (a) called imperfect or destruc-tible, as tin, lead, bismuth, zinc, regulus of antimony, copper, and iron, on being exposed to the joint action of fire and air, gradually lose their metalli...
-The Materia Medica Abies
Fir: an evergreen coniferous tree; with nu-merous, narrow, stiff leaves, standing solitary, or unconnected at the bases with one another. 1. Abies Pharm. Paris. Abies conis fur/urn spectantibus fiv...
-Abrotanum Mas
Abrotonum Ph. Lond. Abrotanum Pharm. Edinb. Abrotanum mas angustifolium majus C. B. Artemisia Abrotanum Linn. Southernwood: a plant, with woody brittle branches; numerous greyish green leaves, divided...
-Abrotanum Femina
Abrotanum Femina foliis teretibus C. B. Santolina Chamaecyparissus Linn. Lavender-cotton: a bushy shrubby plant, all over hoary; with oblong slender leaves, composed poled each of four rows of little ...
-Absinthium. Wormwood
Wormwood: a perennial plant; with hoary, divided leaves; firm woody stalks, which die in the winter; and small yellow naked discous flowers, hanging downwards, like little buttons, along the sides of ...
-Acacia
Acacia vera aegyptiaca. Acacia: a sub-astringent gummy substance, usually of a firm consistence, but not very dry; brought from Egypt, in roundish masses, wrapt up in thin bladders, from four to eight...
-Acanthus
Acanthus Pharm. Paris. Branca-ursina: Acanthus sativus vel mollis virgilii C. B. Acanthus mollis Linn. Brankursine or Bears-breech: a plant with large, elegantly sinuated, soft leaves; among which ari...
-Acer. Acer Majus
Acer Majus: Acer montanum candidum C. B. Acer Pseudo-Platanus Linn. Great Maple, improperly called Sycamore: a large tree, with pentangular serrated leaves; producing small greenish flowers, and a fru...
-Acetosa
Acetosa, Lapathum acetosum, Rumex. Sorrel or Sour-dock: a species of dock with acid leaves. I. Acetosa Pratensis Ph. Lond. Acetosa, Pharm. Edinb. Acetosa pratensis C. B. Rumex acetosa Linn. Common ...
-Acetum
Acetum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Vinegar: a vegetable acid liquor, produced by fermentation; either directly from fermentable juices or infusions; or from such as have been previously fermented into a vin...
-Acetum. Continued
It dissolves the vegetable inspissated juices, and several of the gummy resins, and extracts the virtues of sundry plants in tolerable perfection; but at the lame time its acidity makes a notable alte...
-Aconitum
Aconitum Phami. Lond. & Edinb. Aco-nitum Napellus Linn. Blue Wolfsbane. This is a perennial plant, having many stalks three feet high or upwards arising from one root; alternate petiolated leaves divi...
-Adianthum. Maidenhair
Maidenhair: an evergreen plant; with slender, smooth, shining blackish stalks; producing no manifest flower. The seeds are a fine dust, lying in roundish specks, about the edges of the backs of the le...
-Aer Fixus
IT is not here intended to give a chemical account of the different kinds of air. It is well known to all, in any degree conversant with the subject, that besides the air which we breathe, there have ...
-Aerugo
Aerugo Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. aerugo vel viride arts Ph. Paris. Verdegris: copper corroded by a fermented vegetable acid into a bluish green substance. The greatest quantities are prepared about Montpe...
-Agaricus. Agaric
Agaric: a fungus, growing on the trunks of trees, without any pedicle; internally of a simple and uniform structure throughout its whole substance. 1. Agaricus five fungus laricis C. B. Agaric: cov...
-Agnus
Agnus Castus, Vitex, Pharm. Paris. Agnus folio non serrato J. B. Vitex Agnus Castus Linn. Agnus-castus, or chaste-tree: a small tree or shrub, with tough branches, digitated narrow leaves, and monopet...
-Agrimonia
Agrimonia Eupatoria Linn. Eupato-rium verum five agrimoni C. B. Agrimony: a hairy plant; with winged leaves, composed of oblong indented segments, with smaller portions between, set on middle ribs whi...
-Alchimilla
Alchimilla vulgaris Linn. Pes leonis five alchimilla J. B. Ladies mantle: an herb, with undivided plaited multangular leaves, and imperfect flowers standing in form of umbels on the tops of the stalks...
-Alkekengi
Alkekengi, Halicacabum. Solatium vefi-carium C. B. Physalis Alkekengi Linn. Winter-cherry: a low, somewhat hairy plant; with unbranched stalks; large heart-shaped acuminated leaves, standing in pairs ...
-Alliaria
Alliaria C. B. Erysimum alliaria Linn. Sauce-alone, or jack-by-the-hedge: a plant, with roundish, or heart- shaped, slightly indented leaves; and firm upright stalks; on the tops of which, and in the ...
-Allium
Allium Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Allium sativum C. B. & Linn. Garlic: a plant with long narrow grass-like leaves; among which arises a single straight hollow stalk; bearing on the top a cluster of small w...
-Alnus
Alnus Pharm. Paris. Alnus rotundifolia glutinosa viridis C. B. Betula Alnus Linn. Alder: a tall coniferous tree, common in watery places; with very brittle branches; roundish, crenated, clammy leaves;...
-Aloe. Aloes
Aloes: a bitter, gummy-resinous, infpif-fated juice; prepared from the leaves of certain thick fleshy-leaved plants of the same name. Three sorts of it are distinguished in the shops. (a) Hift. des...
-Alsine
Alsine media C. B. & Linn. Chick-weed: a small, creeping, juicy herb; annual, common at all times of the year in shady cultivated grounds. This herb was formerly employed in cata-plasms against inf...
-Althaea
Althaea Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Althaea diqscoridis & plinii C. B. Althaea officin. Linn. Marshmallow: a soft hoary plant: with oblong undivided leaves; and pale flesh-coloured monopetalous flowers, cut...
-Alumen
Alumen Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Alum: a semitransparent, austere, styptic salt; com-posed of the vitriolic acid, and a certain earth; which earth is either the pure argillaceous earth, or else is contain...
-Alumen. Continued
Alum dissolves in twelve times its weight or less of water: on setting the solution to exhale slowly in a moderately warm air, the salt concretes into crystals of eight or more triangular sides. The s...
-Ammi. Bishopsweed
Ammi. Bishopsweed: an umbelliferous plant; producing small oblong seeds flat on one side, convex and furrowed on the other. The upper leaves are finely divided; the lower narrow, indented, set in pair...
-Ammoniacum
Ammoniacum Pharm. Lond. Gummi Ammoniacum Pharm. Edinb. Gum ammoni-acum: a concrete gummy resinous juice; brought from the East Indies (a); generally in large masses, composed of little lumps or tears,...
-Amomum Verum
Amomum Pharm. Pars. Amomum race-mosum C. B. Elettari primum Hort. malabar. True amomum: a cluster of round fruits, or seed vessels, of an oriental plant. Each fruit is about the size of a middling gra...
-Amygdala. Almond
Almond: an oblong, flattish, white kernel, covered with a thin brownish skin: produced by a tree which resembles the peach in its leaves and flowers, but differs in the fruit; the stone being covered ...
-1. Amygdalae Dulces. Sweet Almonds
These are, for most purposes, blanched, or freed from the outer thin acrid skin, by steeping them in hot water till it is softened sufficiently to be peeled off. Sweet almonds, used in food, are di...
-2. Amygdalae Amarae. Bitter Almonds
Bitter almonds agree with the sweet in yielding a large quantity of oil, and in being miscible with water into an emulsion. The oil has no perceptible bitterness, and is not in any respect. distinguis...
-Anacardium
Anacardium: a moderately large kind of nut; whose kernel is covered by two tough rinds; betwixt which is lodged a fungous substance, containing in its cells an extremely acrid matter, in a liquid stat...
-Anagallis
Anagallis Pharm. Paris. Anagallis flore phaeniceo & anagallis caeruleo flore C. B. Ana-gallis arvensis Linn. Pimpernel: a low, creeping, juicy plant, resembling chickweed; from which it differs, in th...
-Anchusa
Anchusa, Alcanna, Pharm. Edinb. An-chusa floribus puniceis C. B. Anchusa tinctoria Linn. Alkanet: a rough hairy perennial plant, with unbranched procumbent stalks; of the buglofs kind, and differing f...
-Androsace
Androsace five Acetabulum Pharm. Paris. Acetabulum marinum minus Tourn. Androsaces matthioli, five fungus petraeus marinus, five umbilicus mannus F. B. Cotyledon marina: A sub-marine production? found...
-Anethum
Anethum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Ane-thum hortense C. B. Anethum graveolens Linn. Dill: an annual umbelliferous plant, with very finely divided leaves and yellow flowers: producing brownish or dark colou...
-Angelica
Angelica: a large umbelliferous plant; with hollow, jointed stalks; and indented, oval, pointed leaves, set in pairs along a middle rib with an odd one at the end, containing in their veins a milky ju...
-Angusturae Cortex
IN the year 1788 a considerable quantity of a bark, not before known in this country, was imported from the West Indies, but as of African growth. The only account sent with it was, that it had been ...
-Anime
Resina Courbaril. Anime: a trans-parent amber-coloured resin, exuding from the trunk of a large tree growing in Brazil and New Spain; Hymenaea Courbaril Linn. A finer sort is said to be sometimes brou...
-Anisum
Anisum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Apium anisum dictum semine suaveolente Tourn. Pim-pinella Anisum Linn. Anise: a small annual umbelliferous herb; producing roundish striated seeds, flatted on one side and...
-Anisum Stellatum
Anisum Stellatum, seu sinense & phi-lippense, & semen badian Pharm. Parif. Foenicu-lum sinense; Cardamomum siberyense. Zingi. Indian or stellated anise: a fruit or seed vessel; consisting of rusty bro...
-Anthora
Anthora Pharm. Paris. Antithora. Aco-nitum salutiferum five anthora C. B. Aconitum Anthora Linn. Yellow helmet flower: a plant with divided leaves, and naked flowers confiding of five petals, the uppe...
-Antimonium
Antimonium Pharm. Lond. Antimonium, stibium, Pharm. Edinb. Antimony: a ponderous brittle mineral, composed of long shining streaks like needles, intermingled with a dark leaden coloured substance; of ...
-Antimonium. Part 2
Ceruffa antimonii. Materia perlata. The precise gradations of activity, between the virulence of the metal in its perfect metallic state, and its indolence in that of a perfect calx, are not wel...
-Antimonium. Part 3
The London college have now admitted a calx of antimony, prepared in a peculiar mode, and said to be very similar to the preparation so well known under the name of James's Powder. Crude antimony, wit...
-Antimonium. Part 4
This regulus, though venerated by some of the chemists, is not materially different from that obtained by simply calcining the antimony, and reviving the calx with inflammable fluxes. - The scoriae re...
-Antimonium. Part 5
Cinnabaris-antimonii. Antimonium tartarifatum Ph. Lond. Tartar. emetic. five anti-mon. Ph. Ed. A vinous solution of this salt is now directed by both colleges; that of London ordering forty g...
-Aparine
Aparine vulgaris C. B. Philanthropus. Goosegrass or cleavers: a slender, rough, annual plant, spreading upon bushes and sticking to whatever it touches; with four-square, brittle, jointed stalks; oblo...
-Apes
Bees. This infect, dried and powdered, has been given internally as a diuretic, and applied externally (ground with honey or other like substances) for promoting the growth of hair. Some have slightly...
-Apium
Apium paluftre & opium officinarum C. B. Eleoselinum. Apium graveolens Linn. Smallage: an umbelliferous plant, with bright green winged leaves, cut slightly into three roundish portions, serrated abou...
-Aqua
Aqual Communes. Aqua nivalis, plu-vialis, fluvialis, fontana. Common waters: snow, rain, river, spring waters. It is needless to observe, how much the purity of waters is conducive to health; and h...
-Aquae Medicinales
The medicinal or mineral waters participate more or less of the earthy and saline substances found in common waters; with generally some prevailing ingredient from which they have received their names...
-3. Aqua Marina. Sea Water
Sea water contains, besides the common alimentary salt, a portion of bitter purging salt, similar to that of the foregoing waters, and which remains dissolved after the common salt has crystallized. A...
-4. Aquae Chalybeatae. Chalybeate Or Steel Waters
As Those Of Spa, Pyrmont, Tunbridge, Islington, Etc These waters discover their being impregnated with iron, by striking a blue colour with a solution of fixt alkaline salts that have been calcined...
-5. Aquae Cupreae. Cupreous Waters
As Those Of Neufol In Hungary, And Wicklow In Ireland These waters, which are little other than a solution of vitriol of copper, and those which contain a much smaller proportion of that metal blen...
-Aranearum Telae
Cobwebs. These are applied by the common people for flopping the bleeding of wounds; which they effect, not by any styptic power, but by adhering to the part, and closing the orifices of the vessels. ...
-Argentina
Argentina, Potentilla, Anserina. Penta-phylloides argenteum alatum seu potentilla Town. Potentilla anserina Linn. Silverweed or wild tansy: a low creeping plant, with winged-leaves, composed of seven ...
-Argentum Vivum
Hydrargyrus Pharm. Lond. Hydrar-gyrus, Argentum vivum, Mercurius, Pharm. Edinb. Mercury or quicksilver: an opake silver-coloured metallic fluid, appearing to the eye like melted lead or tin; about fou...
-Argentum Vivum. Part 2
Though mercurials are found to be salutary in sundry cutaneous defedations, and impurities of the blood and juices vulgarly called scorbutic; they are always pernicious in the true scurvy, and dangero...
-Argentum Vivum. Part 3
Hydrargyrus purificatus Ph. Lond. Quicksilver, triturated with powdery or with thick unctuous matters, is gradually divided, and incorporated with them into one uniform compound, in which no partic...
-Argentum Vivum. Part 4
The trials of the gummy mercurial that have come to my knowledge, afford little foundation to expect from it any advantages above the common mercurial preparations, I have known it given, without much...
-Argentum Vivum. Part 5
(a) Cartheirfer, rudimenia m. m.p. 481. Malouin, chim. mecticinale, part. iv. ch. 34. Quicksilver, included in a flat-bottomed glass having a small hole open to the air, and kept for several months...
-Argentum Vivum. Part 6
Arcanum corallinum, pulvis prin-cipis, panacea merc. rubra, etc. Pulvis mer-curii cinereus Ph. Ed. The marine acid has no action on mercury, unless either the mercury be previously dissolved in ...
-Argentum Vivum. Part 7
Hydrargyrus muriatus Ph. Lond. Aq. phage daen. Aq. alumi.-nosa. Corrosive sublimate consists of mercury, united with so much marine acid, as to be dissoluble in boiling water. If by separatin...
-Aristolochia. Birthwort
Birthwort: a plant with heart-shaped leaves set alternately on the stalks; in the bo-soms of which come forth irregular tubulous flowers, with a wide mouth, whose lower part is produced into a long fl...
-Arsenicum
Arsenicum Album Pharm. Paris. Arse-nicum simpliciter dictum. Arsenic or white arsenic: a semitransparent crystalline concrete, assuming an opake milky hue on being exposed for some time to the air: so...
-Artemisia
Artemisia Pharm. Edinb. Artemifia vulgaris major C. B. Artemisia vulgaris Linn. Mugwort: a plant, with firm stalks, generally purplish; deeply divided leaves, resembling those of common wormwood, of a...
-Arthanita
Cyclamen orbiculato folio inferne purpur as-cente C. B. Cyclamen europaeum Linn. Sowbread: a low plant, without any other stalk than the (lender pedicles of the leaves and flowers: the leaves are pret...
-Arum
Arum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Arum ma-culatum maculis nigris C. B. Arum maculatum Linn, Wake-robin or cuckowpint: a low perennial plant, growing wild under hedges and by the sides of banks. It sends fort...
-Asa Foetida
Asa Foetida Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Laser. Laserpitium. Sylphium. Asafetida: the fetid concrete juice of a large plant, growing in the mountains of the provinces of Cho-rafaan and Laar in Persia, called...
-Asarum
Asarum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. C. B. Nardus rustica; Vulgago. A/arum europaeum Linn. Asarabacca: a low plant without stalks: the leaves are stiff, roundish, with two little ears at the bottom, somewhat ...
-Asparagus
Asparagus sativa C. B. Asparagus officinalis Linn. Asparagus: a perennial plant, cultivated for culinary use. In the spring appear a number of straight naked shoots; which, rising to the height of two...
-Atriplex Olida
Atriplex foetida Ph. Edinb. & C. B. Chenopodium foetidum Tourn. Chenopodium Vul-varia Linn. Blitum foetidum vulvaria dictum Raii syn. Garosmum. Stinking orache or arach: a low, procumbent plant, sprin...
-Aurantia
Aurantia & arantia malus. Citrus Au-rantia Linn. Orange tree: a beautiful evergreen tree or shrub; with numerous, flexible, somewhat prickly branches; smooth, firm, broad leaves, having each two heart...
-Aurum
Aurum vel Sol Pharm. Paris. Gold: a yellow metal, extremely ductile; above nineteen times heavier than water; fusible in a low white heat; fixt and indestructible in the fire; not soluble by any of th...
-Balaustia
Balaustia Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Ba-laustines: large rose-like flowers, of a deep red colour, set in long bell-shaped tough cups. They are the produce of the wild or double-flowered pomegranate tree, (...
-Balsamita
Balsamita: a perennial plant, with undivided indented leaves, and yellow naked dis-cous flowers set in form of umbels on the tops of the stalks; a native of the southern parts of Europe, and cultivate...
-Balsamum Copaiba
Balsamum Copaiva Pharm. Lond. Balsamum copaibae Pharm. Edinb. Balsamum brasiliense. Balsam of copaiba or capivi: a liquid resinous juice, obtained from a large tree of the same name, (Copaiba brazilie...
-Balsamum Peruvianum
Balsamum Peruvianum, indicum, mexicanum, americanum. Balsam of Peru: a resinous juice, obtained from certain odoriferous trees (Cabureiba Pison. Hoitziloxitl feu arbor balsami indici Hernand.) growing...
-Balsamum Tolutanum
Balsamum Tolutanum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Balsam of Tolu: a resinous juice; flowing from incisions made in the trunk of a tree said to resemble the pine, (Teluifera Balsa-mum Lin.) growing in the provi...
-Bamia. Bamia Moschata
Bamia Moschata Pharm. Paris. Ab-el-mosch, i. e. granum moschi. Semen ketmiae aegyp-tiaca. Musk-seed: flat, kidney-shaped stri-ated seeds, about the size of a large pin's head, of a greyish or brownish...
-Bardana
Bardana, Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Lappa major, arcium dioscoridis C. B. Personata five lappa major aut bardana J. B. Arctium Lappa Linn. Burdock: a biennial plant, common by road sides, sufficiently know...
-Barytes
A substance of a sparry appearance found in mines, called cauk or calk, has by the later chemists been discovered to contain an earth, the properties of which entitle it to form a new genus among eart...
-Bdellium
Bdellium: a gummy-resinous juice; the produce of an oriental tree, of which we have no particular description; brought from Arabia and the East Indies, in pieces of different magnitudes and figures, e...
-Becabunga
Becabunga Pharm. Lond. Anagallis aquatica minor folio subrotundo C. B. Veronica aquatica folio subrotundo Morison. hist. Veronica Becabunga Linn. Brooklime or water pimpernel: a low creeping plant; wi...
-Bellis Major. Leucanthemum Vulgare. Consolida Media. Oculus Bovis
Bupthalmum Majus; Leucanthemum vulgare; Consolida media; Oculus bovis. Bellis sylvestris caule folioso major C. B. Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum Linn. Greater or oxeye daisy; a plant with oblong narrow d...
-Bellis Minor
Bellis sylvestris minor C. B. Bellis perennis Linn. Common daisy: a low somewhat hairy plant, with oblong leaves lying on the ground, widening from the root to the extremity, which is rounded: among t...
-Ben
Ben, five Balanus myrepsica, Pharm. Paris. Behen. Glans unguentaria. Ben nut: a whitish. nut, about the size of a small filberd, of a roundish triangular shape, including a kernel of the same figure c...
-Benzoinum. Benzoe
Benzoe Pharm. Lond. Benzoinum Pharm. Edinb. Benjoinum; Benzoe; Asa dulcis. Benzoine or benjamin: a concrete resinous juice, obtained from a middle-sized tree, called by Dr. Dryander in Phil. Tranf. vo...
-Berberis
Berberis seu Oxyacantha galeni. Berberis dumetorum C. B. Berberis vulgaris Linn. Spina acida; Crespinus. Barberry: a large prickly bush, with brittle branches, covered with an ash-coloured bark, under...
-Beta Vulgaris. Beet
Beta vulgaris Linn. Beet: a plant with large, smooth, broad-ribbed, juicy leaves; and slender, striated, branched stalks; bearing spikes of imperfect flowers standing in five-leaved cups, followed eac...
-Betonica
Betonica purpurea C. B. Betonica officinalis Linn, Vetonica Cordi. Betony, or wood-betony: a low plant, with dark green, oblong, wrinkled, crenated, somewhat hairy leaves, set in pairs; and square unb...
-Betula
Betula C. B. Betula alba Linn, Birch: a tree or shrub, common in moid woods; with numerous very flexible branches; and some-what oval, sharp pointed, Terraced, deep green leaves, hanging on long and w...
-Bezoar
Bezoar: a preternatural or morbid concretion, formed in the bodies of land animals. Several of these kinds of substances have been used medicinally, and distinguished either by the names of the countr...
-Bismuthum
Bismuthum five marcasita Pharm. Party Bismuth or tin-glass: a bright whitish pul-verable metal; near ten times specifically heavier than water; melting long before ignition, a little sooner than lead,...
-Bistorta
Bistorta Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Bis-torta major radice minus intorta C. B. Polygonum Bistorta Linn. Bistort or snakeweed: a plant with oval, pointed, wrinkled leaves, of a dark green colour above and b...
-Bitumen Judaicum. Jews pitch
Asphaltus. Jews pitch: a solid, light bituminous substance; of a dusky colour on the outside, and a deep shining black within; of very little taste, and scarcely any smell, un-less heated, in which ci...
-Bolus
Bole: a friable earthy substance, uniting with water into a smooth paste, adhering to the tongue, and dissolving as it were in the mouth: of the clayie kind, but more readily imbibing water than the c...
-Bonus Henricus
Chenopodium Pharm. Paris. Tota bona Dod. Lapathum unctuosum folio triangulo C, B. Chenopodium Bonus Henricus Linn. English mercury: a plant with triangular leaves, covered underneath with a whitish un...
-Borago
Borago hortensis Raii synopf. Buglossum la-tifolium borrago flore caeruleo C. B. Borago officinalis Linn. Borage: a very hairy rough plant, with wrinkled blackish green leaves approaching to an oval s...
-Borax
Borax Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Borax: a crystalline salt; very difficultly soluble in cold water; swelling and bubbling up in the fire, and changing into a light white spongy friable matter, which, doon ...
-Botrys
Botrys: a low domewhat hairy plant, full of branches, bearing numerous imperfect flowers: the flower stands in a five-leaved cup, which forms a covering to a small roundish seed. 1. Botrys five amb...
-Brassica
Cabbage. Brassica capitata alba C. B. White cabbage and coleworts. Brassica capitata rubra C. B. Red cabbage. Brassica rubra C. B. Red coleworts. Brassica sabanda: brassica alba capite oblongo non pen...
-Brassica Marina
Soldanella & convolvulus maritimus Ph. Paris. Soldanella maritima minor C. B. Convolvulus Soldanella Linn. Soldanella: a species of convolvulus, with roundish or kidney-shaped leaves set on long pedic...
-Bryonia
Bryonia Alba Pharm. Edinb. & Linn. Vitis alba five bryonia J. B. Bryonia aspera five alba baccis rubris C. B. Bryony or wild vine: a perennial rough plant, growing wild in hedges, and climbing on the ...
-Buglossum
Buglossum angustifolium majus C. B. An-chusa officinalis Linn. Bugloss: a rough plant, greatly resembling borage, and differing from it chiefly in the leaves being narrow, less prickly, not wrinkled, ...
-Bugula
Prunella germanis Trag. Consolida media pratensis caerulea C. B. Ajuga reptans Linn, Bugle or middle consound: a low plant, with two kinds of stalks; round creeping ones, which strike root at the join...
-Bursa Pastoris
Bursa Pastoris Pharm. Paris. Bursa pastoris major folio sinuato C. B. Thlaspi Bur/a Pastoris Linn. Shepherds purse: a plant with small tetrapetalous whitish flowers, along the upper part of the branch...
-Buxus
Buxus arborescens C. B. Buxus sempervirens Linn. Box tree: a small evergreen tree, or shrub, with numerous branches, clothed with firm, shining, somewhat oval leaves: the wood is of a yellow colour, a...
-Cacao
Cacao or Chocolate Nut: an oblong roundish nut, nearly of the shape of an almond, but larger: the shell is dark coloured, brittle, and thin: the kernel is both externally and internally brownish, divi...
-Calaminaris
Lapis Calaminaris Ph. Lond. & Edinb. Cadmia fossilis; Cadmia lapidosa. Calamine or Calamy: a mineral substance, of a greyish, brownish, yellowish, or pale reddish colour, and sometimes of all these co...
-Calamintha. Calamint
Calamint: a plant with square stalks: the leaves set in pairs; the flowers on branched pedicles, whereof two issue from one joint in the bosoms of the leaves: the upper lip of the flower is divided in...
-Calamus
Calamus Aromaticus Pharm. Lond. Acorus, Calamus aromaticus Pharm. Edinb. & C. B. Acorus Calamus Linn. Calamus or sweet-scented flag: a plant with long, narrow, pointed leaves, like those of the narrow...
-Calendula
Caltha vulgaris C. B. Calendula officinalis Linn, Single marigold: a plant, with oblong undivided leaves, joined close to the stalk, widening from thence to the extremity, juicy, and somewhat clammy t...
-Calx Viva
Calx Pharm. Lond. Calx viva Pharm. Edinb. Quicklime: an acrimonious, friable substance; dissolving, very readily, in the nitrous, marine, and vegetable acids; uniting with the vitriolic acid into an i...
-Camphora
Camphora Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Caphura. Camphor: a solid concrete, some-what unctuous to the touch: totally volatile in the heat of boiling water, and subliming unaltered: melting in a less degree of ...
-Camphora. Continued
In acute diseases, this medicine is given from a quarter of a grain to one or two grains, and sometimes more, in conjunction commonly with nitre, or other substances of the antiinflammatory saline kin...
-Cancrorum Chelae
Chelae Cancrorum Pharm. Lond. Crabs-claws: the black tips of the claws of the cancer marinus or common sea crab. This testaceous matter, levigated into an impalpable powder, is made use of for abso...
-Cancrorum Oculi
Cancrorum Oculi dicti Pharm. Edinb. Cancrorum lapides. Crabs-eyes so called: stony concretions, found in the head, or rather stomach, of the astacus fluviatilis or river craw fish; generally about the...
-Canella
Canella Alba Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Canella alba & Costus corticosus Ph. Paris. Cina-momum five canella tubis minoribus alba C. B. Winterania Canella Linn. Canella alba: the inner bark of a large bay-l...
-Cannabis
Cannabis C. B. Cannabis sativa Linn. Hemp: a tall annual herb, with digitated leaves, cultivated in fields on account of the mechanic uses of its tough rind. Some of the plants, called male, produce f...
-Cantharides
Cantharides Pharm. Lond. & Edinh. Cantharides or Spanish flies: an infect of the beetle kind, (Meloe vesicatorius Linn.) generally about half an inch in length; on the upper side, of a shining green c...
-Caranna
Caranna: a concrete resinous juice; exuding from a large tree, of which we have no particular account; brought from New Spain, and some other parts of America, in little masses, rolled up in leaves of...
-Cardamine
Cardamine Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Nasturtium pratense magno flore C. B. Cardamine pratensis Linn. Ladies-smock or Cuckow flower: a plant, of the class tetradynamia of Linnaeus, in taste resembling cress...
-Cardamomum. Cardamom
Cardamom: a dried fruit or pod, brought from the East Indies; divided internally into three cells, in each of which are contained two rows of triangular seeds, of a brownish colour on the outside and ...
-Cardiaca
Cardiaca seu Agripalma Pharm. Paris. Marrubium cardiaca dictum C. B. Leonurus Cardiac a Linn. Motherwort: a large plant, with square branched stalks, the leaves set in pairs on long pedicles at the jo...
-Carduus
Carduus Benedictus Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Cnicus silvestris birsutior five carduus benedict us C. B. Centaurea benedicta Linn. Holy thistle: a plant with rough, narrow, jagged leaves, terminating in so...
-Caricae
Caricae Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Figs: the dried fruit of the ficus communis C. B. Ficus Carica Linn. a tree of a middling size, with large leaves cut into five segments; remarkable for producing no flow...
-Carthamus
Carthamus Pharm. Paris. Cnicus sativus five carthamus officinarum C. B. Carthamus tinctorius Linn. Safflower: a plant with oval pointed leaves, somewhat prickly about the edges, joined close to the st...
-Carui
Caruon Pharm. Lond. Carii Pharm. Edinb. Cuminum pratense carui officinarum C. B. Carum Carvi Linn. Caraway: an umbelliferous plant, with striated branched stalks, two or three feet high; and finely di...
-Caryophylla
Caryophylla Aromatica Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Caryophyllus aromaticus feu potius garyophyllus Pharm. Paris. Cloves: the unripe fruit, or perhaps more properly the cups of the unopened flowers, of a bay-...
-Caryophyllata
Caryophyllata vulgaris C. B. Geum urbanum Linn. Avens, or Herb-Benit: a roughish plant, with dark-coloured winged leaves, resembling those of agrimony; and pen-tapetalous yellow flowers, standing in t...
-Caryophyllus Ruber
Caryophylla Rubra Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Caryophyllus altilis major C. B. Dianthus Caryophyllus Linn. Clove-july-flower, or gilliflower: a plant with many smooth round jointed stalks, and grass-like bl...
-Cascarilla
Cascarillae Cortex Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Thus judaeorum Park. Cortex thuris nonnullis dictus, vel thymiama, vel thus judaeorum Rail hist. Eleutheria or Cascarilla: the bark, probably of the shrub desc...
-Casia Caryophyllata
Casia Caryophyllata Pharm. Paris. Cortex caryophylloides. Clove bark: the bark of a tree of the clove kind, ( caryophyllus aroma-ticus fructu rotundo, caryophyllon plinii C. B. Myrtus caryophyllata Li...
-Cassia Fistularls
Cassia Fisularis Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Cassia fistula: a hard woody cylindrical pod, of a tree resembling the walnut, (cassia fistula alexandrina C. B. & Linn.) which grows spontaneously in Egypt and ...
-Cassia Lignea
Cassia Lignea Pharm. Edinb. & Paris. Cassia lignea: the bark of a tree of the cinnamon kind, (cinnamommn feu canella malavarica & javenensis C. B. Laurus Caffia Linn.) brought from the East Indies*(a)...
-Castoreum
Castoreum russuum Pharm. Lond. Casto-reum Ph. Edinb. Castor: the inguinal glands of the castor or beaver; a four-footed amphibious animal, frequent in several parts of Europe, and in North America. Th...
-Cedrus
Cedrinum Lignum Pharm. Paris. Ce-drus conifera foliis laricis C. B. Pinus Cedrus Linn. Cedar of Libanus: a large ever-green coniferous tree, with very narrow stiff sharp-pointed leaves standing severa...
-Centaurium
Centaurium Minus Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. &C. B. Gentiana Centaurium Linn. Lesser centaury: a small plant, with three-ribbed, somewhat oval leaves, set in pairs on the stalks; which divide, towards the t...
-Centaurium Majus
Centaurium Majus, five Rbapon-ticum vulgare officinarum, Pharm. Paris. Cen-taurium majus folio in plures lacinias diviso C. B. Centaurea Centaureum Linn. Great centaury: a large plant, with the leaves...
-Cepa
Cepa vulgaris C. B. Allium Cepa Linn. Onion: a plant with a single bulbous root composed of a number of coats; producing long fistular leaves, and a tall naked bellied stalk, bearing a large cluster o...
-Cera. Bees Wax
Bees Wax: a solid concrete, collected from vegetables by the bee; and extracted from the combs, after the honey is got out, by heating and pressing them: lighter than water, heavier than proof spirit;...
-Ceterach
Asplenium five Ceterach Ph. Paris. Ce-terach officinarum C. B. Scolopendria vera Tragi. Asplenium Ceterach Linn. Spleenwort or Miltwaste: a small bushy plant, growing in fissures of rocks and old wall...
-Cevabilla
Cevabilla hispanorum Ph. Paris. (i. e. hordeolum). Sebadilla. Sabadilla. Hordeum causticum C. B. Indian caustic barley: the seed-vessel of a Mexican plant, resembling in its form and structure a barle...
-Chaerefolium
CHaeRefolium sativum C. B. Gingi-dium. Scandix Chaerefolium Linn. Chervil: an umbelliferous plant, with winged leaves somewhat like those of parsley, producing smooth longish seeds shaped like a bird'...
-Chamaedrys
ChamaeDrys minor repens C. B. Cha-maedrys vulgo vera existimata J. B. Teucrium Chamaedrys Linn. Germander: a low creeping shrubby plant; with square italics; small stiff oval leaves, notched from abou...
-Chamaemelum. Camomile
Camomile: a plant with finely divided leaves; and moderately large flowers, standing solitary on the tops of the stalks, upon long naked pedicles: the flower is composed of a number of white petala, s...
-Chamaepitys
ChamaePitys lutea vulgaris five folio trifido C. B. Abiga & ajuga quibusdam. Teucrium Chamaepitys Linn. Groundpine: a low, hairy, creeping plant, with square stalks; whitish clammy leaves, cut deeply ...
-Cheiri
Leucoium Luteum vulgare C. B. Viola lutea Gerard. Cheiranthus Chieri Linn. Wall flower: a plant with woody brittle stalks and branches; smooth, dark green, oblong, narrow, sharp-pointed leaves; and nu...
-Chelidonium Majus
Chelidonium Majus vulgare C. B. & Linn. Celandine: a plant with longish leaves divided to the rib into roundish indented portions, of which those at the extremities are much larger than the others, of...
-Chelidonium Minus
Chelibonia rotundifolia minor C. B. Ranunculus Ficaria Linn. Pilewort: a small plant, with roundish, smooth, shining green leaves, set on long pedicles; and slender procumbent stalks, bearing bright g...
-China. China Root
China Root: an oblong thick jointed root, full of irregular knobs, of a reddish brown colour on the outside, and a pale reddish within. Two sorts are common in the shops, an oriental and occidental: t...
-Cichoreum
Cichoreum silvestre five officinarum C. B. Cichorium Intybus Linn. Wild cichory: a plant with oblong, dark green, somewhat hairy leaves, deeply jagged, like those of dandelion, but larger; in the boso...
-Cicuta
Cicuta Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Cicuta major C B. Conium maculatum Linn. Hemlock: a tall umbelliferous plant, with large leaves, of a blackish green colour on the upper side, and a whitish green undernea...
-Cicuta. Continued
The trials of this medicine, made among us, have not, as yet, so far as. I can learn, been accompanied with so much success. I have been informed of some cases, in which it was apparently of great ben...
-Cimolia
Two sorts of argillaceous earth are directed under this name in catalogues of the materia medica: Cimolia alba seu Argilla alba, the pure white strong clay, called, from the use to which it is princip...
-Cinara
Cinara; Pharm. Lond. Cinara hortensis Pharm. Edinb. Scolymus. Cinara hortensis foliis non aculeatis C. B. Cynara Scolymus Linn. Artichoke: a rough plant, with large greyish leaves, divided almost to t...
-Cinnabaris
Cinnabaris Nativa. Minium Grae-corum. Native cinnabar: a ponderous, red, fulphureous ore of mercury; found in Spain, Hungary, and several other parts of the world. The finest is imported from the East...
-Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Cinnamomum five canella zeilanica C. B. Cassia cinamomea Hermann. hort. Lugd. Bat. Cinnamon: the bark of a tree of the bay kind, (Laurus Cinnamomum Linn.) growing in t...
-Citrea
Citrea Malus. Malus medica C. B. Citrus medica Linn. Citron: a small evergreen tree, resembling the lemon, and differing from it chiefly in the fruit; which is much larger, less juicy, and contains, u...
-Coccinella
Coccinella Pharm. Lond. Cochinilla pharm. Edinb. Coccus Cacti Linn. Cochineal: little wrinkled grains, of an irregular figure, convex on one side and flat or somewhat hollowed, on the other, externall...
-Cochlearia. Scurvygrass
Scurvygrass: a low plant; with thick juicy leaves, somewhat hollowed so as to re-semble a spoon, those from the root standing on long pedicles, those on the stalk joined close to it without pedicles; ...
-Coffea. Coffee
Coffee: a pale coloured oval seed, some-what smaller than a common bean, convex on one side, flat on the other with a remarkable furrow. It is the produce of a tree of the jas-mine kind, (jasminum ara...
-Colchicum
Colchicum: Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Colchicum autumnale Stoerck. & Linn. Colchicum commune C. B. Colchicum anglicum purpureum & album Ger. & Park. Meadow saffron: a plant with a fleshy bulbous root, prod...
-Colocynthis
ColocynthlS Ph. Lond. & Edinb. Co-loquintida: the dried medullary or pulpy part of a species of gourd or cucumber, (Cucumis Colocynthis Linn.) brought from Aleppo. It is very light, white, of a fungou...
-Columbo
Colomba radix Ph. Lond. & Edinb. Ca-lumba Redi Exper. nat. A root brought from Columbo, a town in the island of Ceylon, to which it was originally transplanted from the continent of India. It is calle...
-Conessi
Conessi Med. ess. Edinb. Codago-pala Hort. malabar. Ph. Paris. Conessi: the bark of a small tree, (Nerium antidysentericum Linn.) growing in the island Ceylon and Malabar; of a dark blackish colour on...
-Consolida
Consolida major five Symphytum majus. Symphytum consolida major C, B. Symphytum officinale Linn. Comfry: a rough plant; with large, somewhat oval, pointed leaves; producing, on the tops of the branche...
-Contrayerva
Contrayerva Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Contrayerva: the root of a amall plant (dor-ftenia fphondylii folio, dentariae radice, Plum, gen. dorflenia contrayerva Linn.) growing in Peru and other parts of the ...
-Copal
Copal: supposed to be a resinous concrete, obtained from certain large trees growing in New Spain; more probably a mineral bitumen, analogous to amber.. It is brought to us in irregular mafies; some o...
-Corallina
Muscus Maritimus five corallina offi-cinarum C. B. Coralline: a marine production, common on rocks, shells, etc. resembling a small plane without leaves; confiding of nin merous slender jointed branch...
-Corallium
Corallium rubrum Pharm. Lond. Red coral: a hard, brittle, branched substance, resembling the stalk of a plant; usually about the thickness of a goose quill; full of knots; sometimes straighti, and som...
-Coriandrum
Coriandrum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb, Coriandrum majus C. B. Coriandrum sativum Linn. Coriander: an umbelliferous plant, with finely divided leaves; producing pale yellowish or brownish, striated, hemisphe...
-Cornu Cervi
Cornu Cervi Pharm. Lond. Hartshorn: large branched horns of the hart or male red deer. The horns usually met with in the (hops are thole of the common or fallow deer. Hartshorn, rasped or shaved, g...
-Costus
Costus dulcis officinarum C. B. Coitus ara-hicus Linn. Costus: a root, brought from the East Indies, about the size of the finger, of a pale greyish or whitish colour on the outside, and yellow within...
-Crocus
Crocus Ph. Lond. & Edinb. Crocus Jati-vus C. B. & Linn. Crocus autumnalis fativus Morison. hist. Saffron: a bulbous-rooted plant, with narrow grads-like leaves which have a white line running along th...
-Crystallus. Rock Crystal
Rock Crystal: a transparent colourless stone; of a regularly angular figure, which is generally that of an hexagonal column terminated by a pyramid of the same number of sides; hard, so as to strike f...
-Cubebae
Cubebae Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Cubebae vulgares C. B. Cubebs: dried berries, of an afh brown colour, generally wrinkled, greatly re-sembling pepper, but furnished each with a slender stalk, whence they...
-Cucumis. Cucumber
Cucumber: an annual herb, with naked monopetalous flowers divided into five segments, and a large juicy fruit produced under the flower. Thus far the characters of the cucumber agree with those of som...
-Cuprum
Cuprum Pharm. Lond. Cuprum five Venus Pharm. Edinb. Copper: a reddish metal, nearly nine times specifically heavier than water; requiring for its fusion a strong white heat, and calcining by a continu...
-Curcuma
Curcuma Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Curcuma radice longa Herm. hort. lugd. bat. Mani-ella kua Hort. malabar. Crocus indicus; Terra merita; Cypira. Curcuma longa Linn. Turmeric: a small tuberous knotty root,...
-Cursuta
Cursutae radix Pharm. Edinb. This is a foreign root, which has been ufed by some practitioners at Edinburgh for more than forty years. It is a strong bitter, and has very much the appearance and taste...
-Cyanus
Ctanus Pbarm. Paris. Cyanus fegetum C. B. Centaurea Cyanus Linn. Blue bottle: a greyish green plant, with long narrow leaves, of which the lower are deeply jagged, the upper entire, those between furn...
-Cyminum
Cyminum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Cu-mninum semine longiore C. B. Cuminum Cyminum Linn. Cummin: an umbelliferous plant, re-sembling fennel, but much smaller; producing longish, slender, plano-convex seeds...
-Cynoglossum
Cynoglossum Pharm. Paris. Cynogloffum majus vulgare C. B, Lingua canina. Cynogloffum officinale Linn. Hounds tongue: a biennial plant; producing, the first year, large, soft, tongue-shaped, long-point...
-Cyperus
Cyperus: a plant with grass-like leaves, and three-square stalks, branched at top, bearing tufts of small imperfect flowers, each of which is followed by a naked triangular seed. It is perennial. 1...
-Daucus. Carrot
Carrot: an umbelliferous plant, with finely divided leaves; producing pale coloured, hairy, striated, somewhat oval, plano-convex seeds: the entire umbel, and each of its subdivi-sions, have a circle ...
-Dens Leonis
Taraxacum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Dens leonis latiore folio, & angustiore folio C. B. Leontodon Taraxacum Linn. Dandelion: a low plant, with long, narrow, deeply indented or jagged leaves, lying on the ...
-Dictamnus
Dictamnus Albus Pharm. Edinb. & Linn. Dictamnus albus vulgo five fraxinella C.B. White or Bastard dittany: a plant with oval acuminated leaves, like those of the ash tree, but smaller and more juicy, ...
-Digitalis
Digitalis Pharm. Lond. & Paris. Digitalis purpurea Ph. Edinb. & Linn. Digitalis purpurea folio aspero C. B. Foxglove: a somewhat hairy plant; with oblong, acuminated, serrated leaves; and a thick, ang...
-Dolichos
Dolichos Pharm. Edinb. Dolichos prurient Linn. Cacara pruritus Rumph. Amb. S Tizo-Lobiumy Browne. Couhage, or Cow-itch. Cadjuct, Bengalis. This is an herbaceous plant, of the papilionaceous tribe, ...
-Doronicum. Leopards Bane. Arnica
Leopards Bane: a hairy plant, with uncut leaves, and yellow radiated discous flowers, which stand solitary upon long pedicles on the tops of the stalks and branches, and are followed by small seeds wi...
-Dracontium
Dracuntium five Serpentaria Pharm. Paris. Dracunculus polyphyllus C. B. Arum Dra-cunculus Linn. Dragons: a plant with smooth glossy leaves, set on long pedicles, divided into six or seven or more long...
-Elatine
Elatine dioscoridis Lobel. adv. Linaria segetum nummulariae folio villoso Tourn. Antirrhinum Elatine Linn. Fluellen or Female speedwell: a low, procumbent plant; with oval, acuminated, downy leaves, s...
-Elemi
Gummi Elemi Pharm. Lond. Elemi: a concrete resinous juice, said to be obtained from a large tree resembling an olive; (Amyris elemisera Linn.) brought from the Spanish West Indies, and sometimes from ...
-Elichrysum
Elichrysum five Staechas citrina Pharm, Paris, Elichryfum Jive stoechas citrina angustifolia C. B. Gnaphalium Stcechas Linn. Goldilocks: a small, shrubby, downy plant; clothed with long, very narrow l...
-Endivia
Intybus sativa latifolia five endivia vulgaris C. B. Cichorium endivia Linn. Endive: a common culinary plant, resembling cichory in the flowers and seeds; and differing from it chiefly in being annual...
-Enula Campana
Enula Campana Pharm. Lond. Enula campanaseu helenium Pharm. Edinb. Inula Gesn. hort. Helenium vulgare C. B. After omnium maximus Tourn. Inula Helenium Linn. Elecampane: a large plant, with long, wrink...
-Epithymum
Epithymum Pharm. Parid. Epithymum five cuscuta minor C. B. Cufcuta Epithymum Linn. Dodder of thyme: a plant without leaves, growing on thyme, confuting of a number of slender juicy filaments, producin...
-Equisetum
Cauda equina. Equisetum palustre longioribus Jetis C. B. Hippuris vulgaris Linn. Horsetail: a plant, with a thick hollow straight stalk, full of joints; and long, slender, rough, stiff, jointed, rush-...
-Erigerum
Senecio minor vulgaris C. B. Senecio vulgaris Linn. Groundsel: a low, branched plant, with oblong narrow leaves, deeply cut into wing-like sections, joined to the stalk by broad bases: on the tops gro...
-Eruca. Rocket
Rocket: a plant with smooth oblong narrow leaves deeply jagged about the edges, bearing on the tops of the stalks numerous tetrapetalous flowers, which are followed by angular pods, full of small roun...
-Eryngium
Eryngium Pharm. Lond. Eryngium ma-ritimum C. B. & Linn, Eryngo or Sea holly: a bluish, branched, umbelliferous plant, with mallow-like, thick, prickly leaves, angular or jagged about the edges: the fl...
-Erysimum
Erysimum vulgare C. B. Iriofive eryfimum diofcoridis Lob. Eryfimum officinale Linn. Hedge-mustard: a hairy plant, with oblong narrow leaves, divided into wing-like sections, triangular at the extremit...
-Eupatorium
Eupatorium arabum Pharm. Paris. Eu-fatorium cannabinum C. B. & Linn, Hemp agrimony: a plant with oblong, acuminated, deeply indented leaves, set three on one pedicle, and the pedicles in pairs: the fl...
-Euphorbium
Euphorbium: a gummy resinous concrete juice; exuding from an oriental, prickly, lactescent shrub, of the same name, euphorbia (officinarum) aculeata nuda multangularis: aculeis geminatis Linn. spec. p...
-Euphrasia
Euphrasia officinarum C. B. & Linn. Eyebright: a small herb, with little, oval, serrated leaves, set in pairs, without pedicles: in their bosoms, towards the tops of the stalks, come forth labiated, m...
-Fel
Fel five Bills. Gall or Bile: a bitter animal juice, secreted from the blood in the liver, and collected in a particular receptacle. The galls of the ox, the eel, and the pike fish, have been chiefly ...
-Ferrum
Iron: a greyish, hard metal, between seven and eight times specifically heavier than water: distinguished from all other metallic bodies, in its metallic state, by its attracting, or being attracted b...
-Ferrum. Continued
Iron filings, procured from the common work-shops, may be cleansed from earthy matters or fragments of other metallic bodies, by means of a magnet, though not so perfectly as could be wished. When oth...
-Filix
Fil1x Pharm. Lond. Filix mas Pharm. Edinb. Filix non ramosa dentata C. B. Poly-podium Filix mas Linn. Male Fern: a plant of that class which has the fructification at the back of the leaves. This spec...
-Flammula Jovis
Flammula Jovis Staerck, Pharm. Edinb. Flammula recta C. B. Clematis recta Linn, Upright Virgin's Bower: this species of clematis, distinguished by its pinnated oval leaves, and erect stalk, grows wild...
-Foeniculum
Foeniculum; Marathrum. Fennel: an umbelliferous plant, with dark green leaves divided into long capillary segments: the umbels are somewhat concave, and have no leaves or cup at their origin: the seed...
-Foenum Graecum
Foenum GraeCum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Foenum graecum sativum C. B, Faenu-gracum J. B. Trigonella Faenum-gracum Linn. Fenugreek: a plant with slightly serrated oblong or roundish leaves, set three on a ...
-Formica
Formica Pharm. Paris. The Ant or Pismire: a small, oblong, reddish or blackish infect, furnished with a sting: the male has four wings, naked or uncovered; the female none. This infect contains an ...
-Frangula
Alnus nigra baccifera C. B. Rhamnus Frangula Linn. Black alder: a small tree, or shrub, with slender flexible branches, and broad roundish leaves; bearing black berries, which contain a blue juice, wi...
-Fraxinus
Fraxinus excelsior C. B. & Linn. Ash: a tall tree common in woods and hedges; with a whitish bark, and oblong reddish brown seeds in shape somewhat resembling a bird's tongue, whence their names lingu...
-Fructus Horaei
Fructus HoraeI Medicorum. Fraga, cerafa, ribesia, mora, fructus rubi idaei, etc. Summer fruits: strawberries, cherries, currants, mulberries, raspberries, etc. These mild sweet subacid fruits are s...
-Frumentum
Frumenta, Farinacea, Cere alia, Medicorum, Triticum ejusque amylum & furfur; oryza-, avena; hordeum, etc. Bread-corn or grain: wheat, with the starch made from it by maceration in water, and its bran;...
-Fuligo
Fuligo Ligni Pharm. Edinb. Wood soot: the smoke of burning wood condensed into a shining black concrete. Wood soot has a disagreeable smell, and a pungent, bitter, niauseous taste: the more re-sino...
-Fumaria
Fumaria Pharm. Edinb. Fumaria officina-rum & dioscoridis C. B. Fumaria officinalis Linn, Fumitory: a plant with bluish green finely divided leaves; producing towards the tops of the stalks, opposite t...
-Galanga
Galanga Minor C. B. Wanhom Kaempfer amanitat. exot. Galangal or Lesser galangal: the root of a grafly-leaved plant, (Kaemferia Galanga Linn.) brought from China and the East Indies, in pieces about an...
-Galbanum
Galbanum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Galbanum: the concrete gummy-resinous juice of an evergreen umbelliferous plant growing in Ethiopia, ferula africana galbanifera foliis & facie ligustici Herman, par. ba...
-Gallae
Gallae Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Galls: hard roundish excrescences, found in the warmer countries, on the oak tree; produced from the puncture of an infect, and affording a lodgment for its young till the...
-Gallium
Gallium luteum C. B. Galium verum Linn. Ladies bed straw: a plant with square stalks, and long narrow soft leaves, standing generally eight at a joint in form of a star: on the tops, and on short pedi...
-Gentian
Gentian A Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Gen-tiana major lutea C. B. Gentiana lutea Linn. Gentian: a plant with an unbranched jointed stalk, and oblong acuminated ribbed leaves set in pairs at the joints upon ...
-Geoffraea
GeoffraeJamaicensis inermis Dris Wright. Geoffraea Pharm. Edinb. Cabbage bark, or worm-bark tree. This is a tree growing abundantly in the low savannahs of Jamaica, of a considerable height, but no gr...
-Geranium
Geranium Pharm. Paris. Cranesbill: a plant, so called from the remarkable long beak of its seed-veffel, which consists of five capsules opening inwards, and containing each a single seed: the flowers ...
-Ginseng
Ginseng Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Aure-liana canadenfis, sinensibus ginseng, iroquaeis ga-rent-oguen, Lafiteau memoir. fur le gins. Panax quinquesolium Linn. Ginseng: the root of a small plant; growing in...
-Glycyrrhiza
Glycyrrhiza Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Glycyrrhiza siliquosa vel germanica C. B. Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn, Liquorice: a plant with oval leaves, set in pairs along a middle rib; and small bluish papilionaceo...
-Gramen
Gramen Caninum arvenge feu gramen dioscoridis C. B. 'Triticum repens Linn. Dogs grass, Couch: a creeping grass, of a whitish green colour, with knotty stalks, bearing a spike of imperfect flowers some...
-Grana Paradisi
Cardamomum Majus seu grana pa-radifi Pharm. Paris. Meleguetta & maniguetta & cardamomum piperatum quibusdam. Amo-mum Grana Paradisi. Linn, Grains of paradise, called by some greater cardamoms: angular...
-Granata
Granata malus Pharm. Edinb. Malus punka sativa C. B. Punica granatum Linn. Pomegranate: a prickly tree or shrub; with long narrow leaves; deep red pentapetalous flowers set in bell-shaped cups of the ...
-Gratiola
Gratiola Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Gra-tiola centaurioides C. B. Gratia dei, Gratiola officinalis Linn. Hedge hyssop: a low plant, with oblong sinely serrated leaves set in pairs on the stalks without ped...
-Guaiacum
Guaiacum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Guaiacum americanum primum fructu aceris five legitimum Breyn. prodr. Guaiacum officinale Linn, Guaiacum: a large tree, with roundish boxlike winged leaves, pentapetalou...
-Gumml
Gum; a concrete vegetable juice; of no particular smell or tafte; becoming viscous and tenacious when moistened with water, totally diffolving in water into a liquid more or less glutinous in proporti...
-Haematites. Blood-Stone
Blood-Stone: an elegant iron ore, found either along with the other ores of that metal, or in distinct mines by itself; in irregular masies, convex on one side and angular on the other, generally of a...
-Hedera
Hedera Arborea C. B. Hedera communis major J. B. Hedera Helix Linn. Ivy: an evergreen plant, climbing and spreading on trees and old walls; with numerous slender twigs, and angular leaves. When grown ...
-Hedera Terrestris
Hedera Terrestris Pharm. Edinb. Hedera terrestris vulgaris C. B. Corona terra Lobel Chamaecissus; Chamaeclema. Glechoma hederacea Linn. Ground-ivy: a low, some-what hairy, creeping plant: with square ...
-Helleboraster
Helleboraster Pharm. Lond. Helle-borus niger faetidus C. B. Helleborus foetidus Linn. Bears foot or Setterwort: This species of hellebore is distinguished by a leaf resembling in shape a bird's foot, ...
-Helleborus Albus
Helleborus Albus Pharm. Lond. Ve-ratrum Pharm. Edinb. Elleborum album Matth. Helleborus albus flore subviridi C. B. Veratrum flore subviridi Tourn. Veratrum album Linn. White Hellebore: a plant with l...
-Helleborus Niger
Helleborus Niger Pharm. Lond. & Linn. Melampodium & Helleborus niger Pharm. Edinb. Helleborus niger flore rofeo C. B. Black Hellebore: a low plant, without any other stalk than the pedicles of the lea...
-Hepatica
Lichen petrous latifolius five hepatica fontana C. B. Hepatica terrestris vulgaris feu lichen officinarum Raii hist. i. 124. Jecoraria. Mar-chantia polymorpha Linn. Liver-wort: a spe-cies of most cons...
-Hepatica Nobilis
Hepatica Trifolia five herba trinitatis Pharm. Paris. Trifolium hepaticum flore simplici C. B. Anemone Hepatica Linn. Hepatica, Herb-trinity: a low plant, without any other stalk than the pedicles of ...
-Hermodactylus
Hermodactylus Pharm. Paris. Her-modactyl: the root of a species of colchicum, brought from Turkey; of the shape of a heart, flatted on one side, with a furrow on the other; of a white colour; compact ...
-Hibernicus Lapis
Hibernicus Lapis & Tegula hibemica & Ardefia hibemica. Hardesia Pharm. Paris. Irish slate: a kind of slate or very soft stone, found in different parts of Ireland} in the mass of a bluish black colour...
-Hippocastanum
Hippocastanum Pharm. Edinb. aes-cuius Hippocastanurn Linn, Horse-chestnut: The fruit of this tree, which is a trilocular capsule, containing two seeds in each cell, has been given as a food to sheep; ...
-Hipposelinum
Hipposelinum theophrafii vel smyrnium dioscoridis C. B. Macerone & olus atrum & herb a alexandrina quibusdam. Smyrnium Olu-Jatrum Linn. Alexanders: an umbelliferous plant, with leaves like those of sm...
-Horminum
Horminum sclarea dictum C. B. Galli-trichum sativum J. B. Salvia Sclarea Linn, Garden clary: a whitish green, slightly hairy plant, with square stalks, and large wrinkled oblong somewhat heart-shaped ...
-Hyoscyamus
Hyoscyamus Pharm. Paris. Henbane: a plant with soft, hairy, oblong, deeply notched leaves; and bell-shaped flowers cut into four segments, followed by irregular cup-like cap-fules, whose cover falling...
-Hypericum
Hypericum Pharm. Lond. Hypericum vul-gare C. B. Androsaemum five perforata Gesn. Hypericum perforatum Linn. St. John's wort: a plant with slender round woody reddish stalks, which have two fine ridges...
-Hypocistidis Succus
The juice of hypocistis: an infpiffated juice, of a firm consistence and a bright black colour; prepared from a certain fleshy juicy vegetable production (hypocistis sub cisto C. B. Asarum Hypocistis ...
-Hyssopus
Hyssopus Pharm. Edinb. Hyssopus offici-narum caerulea five spicata C. B. Hyssopus officinalis Linn. Hyssop: a low shrubby plant; with brittle branched stalks, square when young, and round wheh they gr...
-Jacobaea
Pharm. Paris. Jacobaea vulgaris laciniata C. B. Senecio major five flos sancti jacobi Matthiol Senecio Jacobaea Linn. Ragwort: a plant with a firm round stalk generally pur- plifh; oblong dark green l...
-Jalapium
Pharm. Load. Jalapa Pbarm. Edinb. Macboacanna nigra. Jalap: the dried root ofthemirabilis peruviana or marvel-of-peru, firepan C. B. Convolvulus Jalapa Linn.(a) a plant with thick, sleshy radish-like ...
-Ichthyocolla
Pharm. Lond. Isinglas or Fish-glue: a solid glutinous substance, prepared from a fish of the sturgeon kind, caught in the rivers of Russia and Hungary. The skin, sins, etc. are boiled in water, the de...
-Illecebra
Vermicularis, Piper murale, Sedum minus. Sempervivum minus vermiculatum acre C. B. Sedum acre Linn. Wallpepper or Stonecrop: a small plant, having its slalks covered with little slefhy conical leaves ...
-Imperatoria
Pharm. Edinb. Imperatoria major C. B. Imperatoria astrutium hob. & Linn. Astrantia Dod. Smyrnion hortenfe Trag. Struthium bodie vocation Cord. Masterwort: an umbelliferous plant, with large winged lea...
-Ipecacuanha
Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Hipecacuanna; Radix braziliensis. Psycbotria emetica Linn*(a) Ipecacoanha: a slender root, brought from the Spanish Weft Indies, in short pieces, variously bent and contorted,...
-Iris
Iris; a perennial plant with long narrow sword-like leaves, (landing edgewife to the stalk; and large naked flowers, divided deeply into six segments, of which, alternately, one is erect and another a...
-Juglans
Pharm. Land. Nux juglans C. B. Juglans regia Linn. Walnut: a large tree commonly cultivated in this and most other countries of Europe for its fruit, which is a fleshy drupe, becoming husky when ripe,...
-Jujubae
Jujubae Pharm. Paris. Jujubae majores oblongae C. B. Zizyphus Dod. Rhamnus Zizy-phus Linn. Jujubes: a half-dried fruit of the plum kind, about the size and shape of an olive: confiding of a pretty thi...
-Juncus Odoratus
Juncus Odoratus five aromaticus C. B. Schsenantbus) squinanthum, saenum camelorum, & palea de mecha quibujdam, Andropogon Schaenan-thus Linn. Sweet rush or Camel's hay: a dried herb, of the grass kind...
-Juniperus. Juniper
Juniperus: juniperus vulgaris fruticofa C. B. Juniperus communis Linn. Juniper: an evergreen tree or bush, clothed with slender narrow stiff sharp leaves, like prickles, which stand generally three to...
-Kali
Kali majus cochleato semine C. B. Salfola quibufdam. Salfola Soda Linn. Snail seeded glasswort or saltwort: a plant with fpread-ing, reddifh, pretty thick branches; oblong, narrow, pointed, flefhy lea...
-Kermes
Granum Tinctorium & coccus ba-phica quibufdam. Kermes: round reddish-brown grains, about the size of peas: found in Spain, Italy, and the southern parts of France, adhering to the branches of the scar...
-Kino
Gummi rubrum ajiringens gambienfe D. Fother gill in med. obf. Lond. vol. i. 1757. Kino, Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Red astringent gum from Gambia; supposed to exude from incisions made in the trunks of cer...
-Labdanum
Ladanum Pharm. Lond. Labdanum: a refinous juice, exuding upon the leaves of a small shrub, ciflus ladanisera cretica slore purpureo Town. Ciftus creticus Linn. which grows plentifully in Candy and som...
-Lacca
Lac, Stick-Lac, improperly called Gum-Lac: a concrete brittle subslance, of a dark red colour; brought from the East Indies incrustated on pieces of slicks; internally divided into several cells; faid...
-Lactuca. Lettuce
Lettuce: a plant with slender but firm stalks, which yield, as do the leaves, a milky juice on being wounded: the flower consists of a number of flat slosculi set in a small scaly cup, followed by sho...
-Lamium
Lamium Album Linn. Lamium album non saetens folio oblongo C. B. Galeopsis & arch-angelica, & urtica mortua five alba quibusdam. White archangel or Dead nettle: a plant with square stalks; oblong inden...
-Lampsana
Lampsana, Lapsana, Napium, Papillaris herba. Soncho affinis lampsana domestica C. B. Lapsana communis Linn. Dock cresses, Nipplewort: a roughish plant; bearing small yellow slosculous flowers, set in ...
-Lapathum
Dock: a perennial plant bearing numerous imperfect flowers set in double cups: the outermor!: cup consists of three small green leaves; the inner of three larger reddish ones, which become a covering ...
-Lavendula. Lavender
Lavender: shrubby plant, with its leaves set in pairs, the stalks square when young, and round when grown woody; producing, on the tops of the branches, naked spikes of blue, sometimes white, labiated...
-Laurocerasus
Laurocerasus Pharm. Paris. Cerasus folio laurino C. B. Prunus Lauro-cerafus- Linn. Laurel, Cherry-bay: an evergreen tree or shrub, with large, thick, oblong, glossy leaves, pointed at both ends, and s...
-Laurus
Laurus Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. hanrus vulgaris C. B. Laurus nobilis Linn. Bay: an evergreen tree or shrub, with oblong, stiff, smooth leaves, pointed at both ends, pale yel-lowish, monopetalous flowers,...
-Lazuli Lapis
Lapis CaeRuleus; Lapis cyanus; Caeru-leum nativum. Lapis lazuli: a compact ponderous soffil; less hard than slint; of a deep blue colour, variegated commonly with gold or silver coloured points or vei...
-Lentiscus
Lentiscus vulgaris C. B. Lentiscus verus ex insula chio cortice & foliis fufcis Commel. Pistachia Lentiscus Linn. Lentisk or Mastich tree: an evergreen tree or shrub, with soft flexible branches hangi...
-Lepidium
Lepidium: a plant with undivided leaves, and small tetrapetalous white flowers on the tops of the stalks and branches, followed by little short heart-shaped sharp-pointed pods, which are divided longi...
-Levisticum
Ligusticum feu Levisticum, Pharm. Edinb. Ligusticum vulgare C. B. Angelica montana pe-rennis paludapii folio Tourn. Ligusticum Levifsi-cum Linn. Lovage: a tall umbelliferous plant, with large leaves d...
-Lichen. Liverwort
Liverwort: a kind of imperfect vegetable production, consisting of spreading leaves, of a leathery crustaceous matter. A sort of flowers both male and female have been disco-vered in it, the latter pr...
-Lignum Aloes
Lignum Aloes, Xylaloes, & Agallochum, Pharm, Paris. Lignum Calambac. Agallo-chum, Calambac, or Aloes wood: a wood brought from China, and the inner parts of Tartary, in small pieces, compact and ponde...
-Lignum Campechense
Lignum Campechense Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Lignum campefcanum & lignum indicum Mont. exot. Lignum campechianum species quaedam brasil Sloan. Lignum sappan quibusdam. Campeachy wood or Logwood: the wood ...
-Lignum Rhodium. Rhodium or Rosewood
Rhodium or Rosewood: the wood or root of a tree of which we have no certain account; brought from the Canary islands, in long crooked pieces, full of knots, externally of a whitish colour, internally ...
-Lilium
Lilium Album Pharm. Edinh. Lilium album slore erecto & vulgare C. B. Lilium can-didum Linn. White lily: a plant with a single straight round stalk, clothed with oblong, acuminated, thick, smooth, pale...
-Lilium Convallium
Lilium Convallium album C. B. Convallaria, Maianthemum. Convallaria maialis Linn. Lily of the valley, May lily: a plant with two or three oblong, acuminated, ribbed leaves; in the bosoms of which aris...
-Limaces
Limaces terrestres five Cochlaeae terrestres. The Snail: an animal, lodged in a short thick turbinated shell, whose aperture is closed in the winter with a kind of cement. The large ash-coloured snail...
-Limones
Limon Pharm, Lond. Limonia mala Pharm, Edinb. Lemons: the fruit of the malus limonia fructu acido Pharm. Lond. malus limonia acida C. B. Citrus Limon Linn. a tree refembling the orange; from which it ...
-Linaria
Ol. ftillat. cort. limon. Ph. Ed. Effentia li-monum Ph.. Lond. Syrup. e fuc co limonum Ph. Lond. Ph. Ed. Succus spif-fat. limon. Ph. Lond. Linaria Linaria vulgaris lutea...
-Lingua Cervina
Scolopendrium feu lingua cervina Pharm. Edinb. Lingua cervina officinarum C. B. Phyllitis Gerard. Asplenium Scolopendrium Linn. Harts-tongue: a plant with long, uncut, narrow bright green leaves, set ...
-Lini Semen
Lini Semen Pharm. Lond, & Edinb. Lini fativi C. B. Lini ufitatijfimi Linn. Linseed: reddish-brown, glossy, slippery, flat, pointed nearly oval seeds, of the common slax; an annual herb, cultivated in ...
-Linum Catharticum
Linum Catharticum Linn. Linum pratense floribus ex ignis C. B. Chamaelinum. Purging flax or Mill-mountain: a small plant, with little oblong smooth leaves, having one vein or rib running along the mid...
-Liquidambra
Ambra Liquid A Pharm. Argent. LI-quidamber: a refinous juice, of a yellow colour inclining to red, at first about the consistence of turpentine, by age hardening into a solid brittle resin; obtained f...
-Lithospermum
Lithospermum Majus erectum C. B. Miliumfolis. Lithospermum officinale Linn. Grom-well: a rough plant, with stiff branched stalks, oblong acuminated leaves set alternately without pedicles; and whitish...
-Lobelia
Lobelia Pharm. Edinb. Rapunculus galea-tus virginianus slore majore violaceo Morison. Lobelia fiphilitica Linn. Blue cardinal-flower: an herbaceous perennial plant, with an erect; erect stalk three or...
-Lujula
Lujula Pharm. Lond. Trifolium acetofum vulgare C. B. Oxys alba Gerard. Alleluja, oxytripbylluni, & panis cuculi quorundam. Oxa-lis Acetosella Linn. Wood sorrel: a plant, with the leaves and flowers is...
-Lumbricus
Lumbricus Terrestris. Vermes terreftres. Earth worms: These insects are suppoted to have a diuretic and an antispafmodic virtue. The faculty of Paris directs them to be prepared for medicinal use, by ...
-Lupulus
Lupulus Pharm. Paris. Lupulus mas & semina C. B. Lupulus salictarius Ger. Humulus Lupulus Linn. Hop: a rough plant, with very long, angular, climbing hollow stalks, and broad serrated leaves, cut gene...
-Lycoperdon
Lycoperdon five Crepitus lupi. Fungus rotundus orbicularis C. B. Bovifla officinarum Dhl Lycoperdon Bovifta Linn. Puffball: a round or egg-shaped whitish fungus, with a very short or scarcely any pedi...
-Macis
Macis Pharm. Lond. Maris officinarum C. B. Mace; a pretty thick, tough, unctuous membrane, reticular or variously chapt, of a lively reddish yellow colour approaching to that of saffron, enveloping th...
-Magnesia
Magnesia Alba Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Magnesia: a fine white earth; soluble readily in all acids, the vitriolic as well as the others, into a bitter purgative liquor. This earth has not hitherto been...
-Majorana
Majorana Pharrn. Lond. & Edinh. Majorana vulgaris C. B. Origanum Majorana Linn. Sweet marjoram: a low plant, with slender, square, branched, woody stalks; and little, oval, somewhat downy leaves, set ...
-Malabathrum
Tamalapatra Folium indurn. Indian leaf: the leaf of the cinamomum five canella malavarica & javanenfis C. B. Laurus Cqffia Linn, or cafia-lignea tree, brought from the East Indies. It is of a firm tex...
-Malva
Malva Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Malva silvestris folio sinuato C. B. Malva sylvestris Linn. Common mallow: a plant with firm branched stalks, and roundish, notched leaves, set alternately on long pedicles...
-Manna
Manna Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Manna Jen Ros calabrinus Pharm. Paris. Manna: a sweet juice obtained from certain ash trees (a) in the southern parts of Europe, particularly in Calabria and Sicily, exudin...
-Margaritae
Perlae. Uniones. Pearls: small calculous concretions, of a bright semitransparent whiteness, found on the inside of the shell of the concha margaritisera or mother-of-pearl fish, as also of certain oy...
-Marrubium
Marrubium Pharm. Edinb. Marrubium album Pharm. Lond. & C. B. Marrubium vulgare Linn. White Horehound: a hoary plant, with fquare stalks, and roundish wrinkled indented leaves, set in pairs on long ped...
-Marum
Marum Syriacum Pharm. Lond. Majorana syriaca vel cretica C. B. Marum cortusi J. B. Chamadrys maritima incana fru-tefcens foliis lanceolatis Tourn. Origanum Syria-cum Linn. Marum, Syrian herb-mastich: ...
-Marum Vulgare
Sampsucus five marum mastichen redolens C. B. Thymbra hispanica majoranae folio Tourn. Clinopodium quibusdam, mastichina gallorum J. B. Thymus mastichina Linn. Common herb-mastich: a low shrubby plant...
-Mastiche
Mastiche Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Mas-tich: concrete resin, obtained in the island Chio from the lentisk tree; brought over in small yellowish transparent brittle grains or tears. From transverse incisio...
-Matricaria
Matricaria vulgaris feu sativa C. B. Febrifuga Dorsten. Matricaria Parthenium Linn. Feverfew: a plant with firm branched stalks, and roughish leaves, each of which is composed of two or three pairs of...
-Mechoacanna
Bryonia Mechoacanna alba C. B. Convolvulus americanus mechoacan dictus Raii. Jalappa alba, Rhabarbarum album quibusdam. Mechoacan: the root of an American convolvulus, (Convolvulus Mechoacanna Linn...
-Mel
Mel Pharm. Lond. Honey: a sweet vegetable juice: collected by the bee from the flowers of different plants, and deposited in the cells of the combs; from which it is extracted, either by spontaneous p...
-Melilotus
Melilotus officinarum germaniae: C. B. Lotus silvestris. 'Trifolium odoratum. Trifolium Melilotus officinalis Linn. Melilot: a plant with smooth oval striated leaves, standing three together, on slend...
-Melissa
Melissa Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Meliffa bortenfis C. B. MeIyffophyIlum, mellifolium, mel-litis, citrago, citraria, cedronella, apiastrum. Me-lissa officinalis Linn. Balm: a plant with square stalks; and...
-Mentha
Mint: a perennial herb; with square stalks; serrated leaves set in pairs; and spikes of monopetalous flowers, each of which is cut into four sections, and followed by four seeds inclosed in the cup, ...
-Mercurialis. Herb-Mercury
Herb-Mercury: a plant with oblong, acuminated, indented leaves, (landing in pairs: in their bosoms come forth, either spikes of imperfect flowers, set in three-leaved cups, falling off without any see...
-Meum. Spignel. Bauldmony
Meum Athamanticum. Meum film anethi C. B. Men & athamanta & radix ursina quibusdam. AEthufa Meum Linn. Spignel, Bauldmony: an umbelliferous plant, with bushy leaves divided into slender segments, like...
-Millefolium
Millefolium Pharm. Edinb. Millefolium vulgare album, & millefolium purpureum C. B. Achillea, Myriophyllon, Chiliophyllon, Militaris herba, Stratiotes, Carpentaria, Lumbus veneris, & Supercilium veneri...
-Millepedae
Millepedae Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Centipedes & onifci quibufdam. Oniscus Afellus Linn. Millepedes, Wood-lice: an oblong infect, with fourteen feet, and its body com-posed of fourteen rings, rolling its...
-Moldavica
Moldavica feu Melissa turcica: an Melissa americana trifolia odore gravi Tourn. inst. ? Cam-phorofina Mori/on. hist. ox. ? Dracocephalum ca-narienfe Linn. Turkey or rather Canary balm, commonly called...
-Moschus
Moschus Pharm. Lond. & Edinb Musk: an odoriferous, grumous subslance: found in a little bag, situated near the umbilical region of an oriental quadruped, which is said by some to bear the greatest res...
-Moxa
Moxa five lanugo artemisia japonicae Pharm. Paris, Moxa: a soft lanuginous substance, prepared in Japan, from the young leaves of a species of mugwort, by beating them, when thoroughly dried, and rubb...
-Myrobalani
Myrobalani Parm. Paris. Myro-balans: dried fruits, of the plum kind, brought from the East Indies. Five sorts, produced by different trees, have been distinguished in the shops. 1. Myrobalani belli...
-Myrrha
Myrrha Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Myrrh: a gummy-refinous concrete juice, of an oriental tree, of which we have no certain account. * Mr. Bruce informs us that it grows spontane-ously in the eastern part o...
-Myrtus
Myrtus communis italica C, B. Myr-tus communis Linn. Myrtle: an evergreen shrub; with oblong leaves, pointed at both ends; in the bosoms of which spring so-litary white pentapetalous flowers, followed...
-Myrtus Brabantica
Myrthus Brabantic A Pharm. Paris. Rhus myrtifolia belgica C, B. Gale, frutex odoratus feptentrionalium, elaeagnus Cordo, cha-maelaeagnus Dodonaeo J. B. Myrica Gals Linn. Gaule, Sweet willow, Dutch myr...
-Napus. Navew
Navew: a plant of the turnep kind, with oblong roots growing slenderer from the top to the extremity. Two sorts of it, ranked among the articles of the materia medica, are supposed by Linnaeus to be o...
-Nardus Celtica
Nardus Celtica diofcoridis C. B. Spica celtica & faliunca quibufdam. Valeriana celtica Tourn. & Linn. Celtic nard: a small species of valerian, with uncut, oblong, obtuse, some-what oval leaves. It is...
-Nardus Indica
Nardus Indica quae spica, spica nardi, & fpica indica officinarum C. B. Indian nard, or spikenard: the bushy top of the root, or the remains of the withered stalks and ribs of the leaves, of an Indian...
-Nasturtium Aquaticum
Nasturtium Aquaticum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Nafturtium aquaticum fupinum C. B. Sifymbrium aquaticum Tourn. Creffio qui-bufdam. Sifymbrium Nafturtium aquaticum Linn. Water cresses: a juicy plant, with b...
-Nasturtium Hortense
Nasturtium Hortense vulgatum C. B. Lepidium fativum Linn. Garden cresses: a low plant, with variously cut winged leaves, bearing on the top of the round stalk and branches tusts of tetrapetalous white...
-Natron
Natron, Anatron, Soude blanche, Pharm. Paris. Nitrum antiquorum. Aphronitrum. Bau-racb. Natron, or Mineral fixt alkaline salt: This salt is contained in great abundance in the waters of the ocean, and...
-Nepeta
Mentha Cataria vulgaris, & major C. B. Cataria & Herbafelis quibufdam. Nepeta Cataria Linn. Nep, or Catmint, so called from its being often destroyed by cats: a hoary plant; with square stalks; heart-...
-Nephriticum Lignum
Lignum peregrinum aquam caeruleam red-dens C. B. Nephritic wood: an American wood, brought to us in large compact ponderous pieces, without knots: the outer part is of a whitish or pale yellowish colo...
-Nicotiana. Tobacco
Tobacco: a plant with alternate leaves, and monopetalous tubulous flowers divided into five sections: the flower is followed by an oval capsule, which opening longitudinally, sheds numerous small seed...
-Nitrum
Nitrum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Nitre, or Saltpetre: a neutral salt, formed by the coalition of the common vegetable fixt alkaline salt with a peculiar acid: of a sharp penetrating cooling taste: soluble...
-Nitrum. Part 2
Nitre may be commodiously taken in the form of troches. The London college direct one part of the purified salt to be ground with three parts of fine sugar, and one and a half of gum tragacanth in pow...
-Nitrum. Part 3
*(a) Nitrum Flammans, Volatile, Ammoniacale. This salt dissolves readily in water, and becomes pappy or fluid in a moist air: by flow evaporation in gentle warmth it shoots into large crystals, much r...
-Nummularia
Nummularis Pharm. Parif. Nummu-laria major lutea C. B. Hirundinaria. Centi-morbia. Lyfimachia Nummularia Linn Money-wort: a low creeping plant, with square stalks, and smooth little roundish or heart-...
-Nux Moschata
Nux Moschata Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Nux myriftica fructu rotundo C. B. Nucifta. Myriftica officinalis Linn. Nutmeg: the aromatic kernel of a large nut, produced by a tree said to resemble the pear tree...
-Nux Pistacia. Pistachio Nut
Pistachio Nut: an oblong, pointed nut, about the size and shape of a filberd; including a kernel of a pale greenish colour, covered with a yellowish or reddim skin. It is the produce of a large tree, ...
-Nymphaea. Water-Lily
Water-Lily: an aquatic plant, with thick firm roundish, leaves, furnished with two obtuse ears at the pedicle, floating on the surface of the water: the flowers, which stand on sepa-rate pedicles, are...
-Ochra
Ochra five Miner a ferri lutea vel rubra Pharm. Paris Ochre: an argillaceous earth; less tenacious, when moistened, than the clays and the boles; impregnated with a calx of iron, and thereby tinged of...
-Ocimum
Ocimum, Bafilicum, Herba regia. Basil: a plant, with square stalks; oval leaves set in pairs; and long spikes of labiated flowers, whose upper lip is divided into four parts, the lower entire: the cup...
-Oenanthe
This is the botanical name of a genus of plants of the umbelliferous class, of which there are three species natives of Great Britain. One of these only is known by its effects on the human body, the ...
-Olea
Olea fativa C. B. Olea europaea Linn. Olive: an evergreen tree, with oblong, narrow, willow-like leaves, and monopetalous whitish flowers, cut into four sections, followed by clusters of oval black fr...
-Olibanum
Olibanum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Oli-banum: a gummy resin brought from Turkey and the East Indies, usually in drops or tears like those of mastich, but larger, of a pale yel-lowish colour, which by age ...
-Ononis
Anonis fpinofa flore purpureo C. B. Refta levis. Arefta bovis. Remora aratri. Ononis fpinofa. Linn, Rest-harrow: a plant with flexible branches terminating in sharp prickles; small oval indented leave...
-Opium
Opium Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Opium: a concrete gummy-refinous juice; somewhat soft and tenacious, especially when much handled or warmed; of a dark reddish brown colour in the mass, and when reduced in...
-Opium. Continued
Opium appears to consist of about five parts in twelve of gummy matter, four of resinous matter, and three of earthy or other indiffolu-ble impurities (a). From these laft it has been purified, in the...
-Opobalsamum
Opobalsamum or Balsam of Gilead: a re-sinous juice, obtained from an evergreen tree or shrub (balfamum fyriacum rutae folio C. B.J said to grow in Arabia. The belt sort, which naturally exudes from th...
-Opopanax
Opopanax Pharm. Lond. Opopanax: a concrete gummy-refinous juice, obtained from the roots of an umbelliferous plant, which grows spontaneously in the warmer countries, and bears the colds of our own (P...
-Origanum
Origanum Pharm. Lond. Origanum fil-vestre, cunila bubula plinii C. B. Agrioriganum five onitis major Lob. Origanum anglicum Ger. Origanum vulgare Linn. Origanum or Wild marjoram: a plant with firm rou...
-Osteocolla
Osteocolla, aliis offifragus, osteites, am-mofteus, ofteolithos, holofteus, ftelochites, Worm, muf. Osteocolla, or Bone-binder: a soffil substance, found in some parts of Germany, particularly in the ...
-Ostreum
The Oyster; a common, bivalvous, marine shell fish. The shell of the oyster, levigated into a subtile powder, is employed as an absorbent, in heart-burns and other like complaints arising from acid...
-Ovum
Ovum gallinaceum Pharm. Lond. Hens egg, Eggs are accounted very nutritious, but difficult of digestion, especially if boiled hard. In medicine, the yolk has been employed as an intermedium for rend...
-Paeonia
Paeonia folio nigricante splendido quae mas, & paenia femina flore pleno rubro majore C. B. Paeonia officinalis Linn, Male and Female peony or piony: a plant with large leaves, divided deeply into obl...
-Palma
Palm: a tall unbranched tree, with long reed-like leaves elegantly disposed on the top. Different species of it grow spontaneously in the eastern countries, and in the warmer parts of the West Indies....
-Papaver. Poppy
Poppy: a plant with oblong leaves and round stalks, divided into a few branches, each of which is terminated by a large tetrapetalous flower, set in a two-leaved cup that falls off as the flower opens...
-Paralysis
Paralysis: a plant with oblong wrinkled leaves, hairy on the upper sides of the ribs; and naked stalks, bearing monopetalous flowers, each of which is divided about the edge into five fegments, and se...
-Pareira
Pareira Brava Pharm. Lond. Pareyra, Ambutua, Butua, Overo brutua, Zan. hist. Pharm. Paris. Pareira brava: the root of an American climbing plant (convolvulus bra-zilianus flore octopetalo monococcos R...
-Parietaria
Parietaria Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Parietaria officinarum & diofcoridis C. B. Pa-rietaria officinalis Linn. Pellitory of the wall: a plant with tender reddish stalks; rough, uncut, oblong leaves, pointe...
-Pastinaca
Pastinaca: an umbelliferous plant, with naked umbels, yellow flowers, and flat seeds surrounded with a leafy margin: the leaves arc oblong, and stand in pairs on a middle rib, without pedicles. 1. ...
-Pentaphyllum
Pentaphyllum Pharm. Lond. Quin-quefolium majus repens C. B. Potentilla reptans Linn. Cinquefoil or Five-leaved grass: a trailing plant, with oval serrated leaves, set five together on long pedicles, a...
-Persica
Persica molli carne vulgaris viridis & alba C. B. Amygdalus Perfica Linn. Peach: a tree common in gardens; with oblong, narrow, pointed, serrated leaves; pale reddish flowers, composed of five broad p...
-Persicaria. Arsmart
Arsmart: an annual plant with oblong uncut leaves pointed at both ends, and imperfect flowers set in spikes on the tops of the stalks: the cup is thick and fleshy, divided into five oval segments, whi...
-Peruvianus Cortex. Peruvian Bark
Peruvianus Cortex Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Peruvian bark: the bark of a mid-dling-fized tree, growing in Peru, called by the Spaniards, from its efficacy against intermitting fevers, polo de calenturas, ...
-Peruvianus Cortex. Peruvian Bark. Part 2
Peruvian bark has been applied likewise, in conjunction with other appropriated medicines, and often with good success, to the cure of periodic head-achs, hysterical, hypochondriacal, vertiginous and ...
-Peruvianus Cortex. Peruvian Bark. Part 3
Though by repeated boilings in water the bark may be so exhausted as to give out nothing to spirit, but after the repeated action of spirit still gives out something to water; yet spirit appears, to b...
-Peruvianus Cortex. Peruvian Bark. Part 4
Rectified spirit of wine receives from bark a deep reddish brown colour, and takes up much more of its active matter than watery liquors* (a): by digesting the powder first in some rectified spirit, a...
-Peruvianus Cortex. Peruvian Bark. Part 5
Upon the whole, there is the strongest rea-fon to conclude, with Dr. Saunders, that the red bark is the true Peruvian bark, of the best quality, or in its highest perfection. It was probably the kind ...
-Petasites
Petasites major & vulgaris C. B. Gale-rita & tuffilago major quibufdam. Tuffilago Peta-sites Linn. Butterbur or Pestilentwort: a perennial plant, found wild by the sides of ditches and in meadows; pro...
-Petroleum
Petroleum, Pharm. Lond. Oleum petrae, Oleum terrae. Rock oil: a fluid bitumen or mineral oil; exuding from the clefts of rocks or From the earth, or found floating on the surface of waters, in differe...
-Petroselinum
Petroselinum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Apium hortenfe feu petrofelinum vulgo C. B. Api-um Petrofelinum Linn. Parsley: an umbelliferous plant, with deep green winged leaves, of which those that grow on the...
-Petroselinum Macebonicum
Ap1um Macebonicum C. B. Apium petraum & petrapium quibufdam, Bubon mace-donicum Linn, Macedonian parsley: differing from the foregoing, in the upper and lower leaves being alike, the stalks hairy and ...
-Peucedanum
Peucedanum germanicum C. B. Pina-ftellum, foeniculum porcinum, foeniculum silvestre, marahtrum silvestre, marathrophyllum, & cauda porcina quibifdam. Peucedanum officinale Linn. Hogs fennel, Horestron...
-Pilosella
Pilosella, Myofotis, feu Auricula muris. Pharm. Paris Pilofella major repens hirfuta C. B. Hieracium Pilosella Linn. Mouse-ear: a low creeping hairy plant; with oval leaves, in shape like those of the...
-Pimpinella
Pimpinella Saxifraga Linn. Bur-net-saxifrage; a perennial umbelliferous plant; with naked umbels; the outermost flowers composed of unequal petals, the inner equal; the seeds small, oblong, somewhat p...
-Pinguedo. Pinguedo five adeps
Pinguedo five adeps: Sevum ovillum & hircinum, Axungia porcina & viperina. Animal fats: sheeps suet, goats suet, hogs lard, and vipers fat. The medical use of these substances is wholly external, a...
-Pinguicula
Pinguicula: Sanicula montana flore calcari donato C. B. Pinguicula five fanicula eboracenfis Gerard. Viola palustris, liparis, cucullata, & dodecatheon plinii quibusdam. Pinguicula vulgaris Linn. Butt...
-Piper. Pepper
Pepper: the small, round, aromatic fruit of a trailing plant growing in Sumatra, Java, and Malabar, (Piper nigrum Linn.) The pepper-corns adhere in clutters to the stalks, without pedicles: when ripe,...
-Piper Longum
Piper Longum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb Macropiper Pharm. Paris. Piper longum orientale C. B. Long pepper: the fruit of an East Indian plant of the same genus with that which produces the black pepper, (Pip...
-Piper Jamaicense
Pimento Pharm. Lond. Pimenta five piper jamaicense Pharm, Edinb. Amomum Pharm. Wirtemb. Jamaica Pepper, Pimento, Allspice: the dried aromatic berry of a large tree growing in the mountainous parts of ...
-Piper Indicum
Piper Indicum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Capsicum Pharm. Paris. Piper indicum, brazili-anum, guineense, calecuticum, hispanicum, & lufi-tanicum, quibusdam. Capsicum siliquis longis pro-pendentibus Tourn. S...
-Pix
Pix Liquida Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Tar: a thick, black, resinous, very adhesive juice; melted out by fire from old pines and fir-trees. The trees, cut in pieces, are inclosed in a large oven, which bei...
-Plantago. Plantain
Plantain: a small perennial herb, common in fields and by road sides; with the leaves lying on the ground; and naked un-branched stalks, bearing on the top a spike of small imperfect four-leaved flowe...
-Plumbum
Plumbum Pharm. Lond. Lead: a pale, livid, soft, very flexible metal: above eleven times specifically heavier than water; fusible in a small heat, somewhat less than that in which expressed oils begin ...
-Plumbum. Continued
(a) The brownish or reddish colour produced by. alkalies in cyder impregnated with lead, is totally discharged by spirit of salt. M. S. of Dr. Lewis. Ceruiffa ace-tat. Ph. Land. Sal plumbi vulgo...
-Polium. Poley-Mountain
Poley-Mountain: a small shrub-by plant, with square stalks, oblong woolly leaves set in pairs; and labiated flowers wanting the upper lip and having the lower divided into five segments. 1. Polium ...
-Polygala. Milkwort
Milkwort: a small perennial plant; with the leaves alternate, uncut, and those on the upper parts of the stalks larger than on the lower; the flowers irregular, tubulous, tripeta-lous, labiated, set i...
-Polypodium
Polypodium vulgare C.B. & Linn Polypody: a plant with long leaves issuing from the root, divided on both sides, down to the rib, into a number of oblong segments, broadest at the base: it has no stalk...
-Populus
Populus Nigra C. B. & Linn. Populus nigra five aigeiros J. B. Black poplar: a large tree; with dark green, somewhat rhom-boidal acuminated leaves; producing imperfect flowers, in catkins: in some of t...
-Prunella
Prunella five Brunella. Prunella major folio non diffecto C. B. Confolida minor. Symphi-tum minus. Prunella vulgaris Linn. Self-heal: a small plant; with square stalks; oval uncut leaves set in pairs ...
-Prunus
Prunus: a tree with pentapetalous white flowers; each of which is succeeded by a roundish or oval fruit, Handing on a long pedicle, composed of a fleshy pulp including a flat stone pointed at both end...
-Psyllium
Psyllium Pharm. Paris. Pulicaris herba Lugdun. Psyllium majus erectum C. B. Plant ago Psyllium Linn. Fleawort: an herb of the plantain kind, differing from the common plantains in being annual, and ha...
-Ptarmica
Ptarmica, Pseudopyrethrum Pyrethrum silvestre, Draco silvestris, Tarchon silvestris, Sternu-tamentoria: Dracunculus pratensis serrato folio C. B. Achillea Ptarmica Linn, Sneezewort or Bastard pellitor...
-Pulegium. Pennyroyal
Pennyroyal: a plant of the mint kind; differing from the mints strictly so called, in the flowers being disposed, not in spikes on the tops, but in thick clutters, at distances, round the joints of th...
-Pulmonaria
Pulmonaria Maculosa. Symphytum maculosum five pulmonaria latifolia C. B. Pul-monaria officinalis Linn. Spotted lungwort, Jerusalem cowslips, Jerusalem sage: a hairy scabrous plant, with the leaves of ...
-Pulsatilla
Pulsatilla Nigricans Soerck, Pharm. Edinb. Pulsatilla flore minore nigricante C. B. Anemone pratensis Linn. A species of anemone, much resembling the pulsatilla vulgaris, or pasque flower, but its flo...
-Pyrethrum
Pyrethrum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb Pyrethrum flore bellidis C. B. Chamaemelum spe-cioso flore, radice longa fervida Shaw afr. Den-taria, herba salivaris, & pes alexandrinus qui-bufdam. Anthemis Pyrethrum ...
-Pyrites
Marcassita Pharm. Paris. Pyrites or Marcasite: a hard fossil; striking fire with steel, copiously, and in large sparks; becoming vitriolic, either by simple exposure to the air, or by calcination and ...
-Quassia
Quassia Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Lignum Quaffiae Amaenit. Acad. vol. vi. Bois de Coiffi Fermin Surinam. Quassy root: the woody root of a tree growing in Surinam, called by Linnaeus, Quaffia amara, of the...
-Quercus
Quercus Lond. & Pharm. Edinb. Quercus cum longis pediculis C. B. Quercus Robur Linn. Oak: a large tree, with oblong leaves, widening from the bottom to the extremity, and sinu-ated or bluntly indented...
-Quercus Marina
Quercus Marina five fucus vesiculofus: Fucus maritimus five quercus maritima vesiculas habeas C. B. Fucus vesiculofus Linn. Sea wrack. or Sea oak: a soft, very slippery, marine plant; common upon rock...
-Radix Lopeziana
Radix. Indica Lopeziana Pharm. Edinb. Radix Indica a Joanne Lopez denominate Gaubii Adversar, Cap. vi. Rais di Juan Lopez Lufitanis. The root of an unknown tree, growing, as some assert, at Goa, as ot...
-Ranunculus. Crowfoot
Crowfoot: a plant with pentapetalous flowers set in five-leaved cups; followed each by a round cluster of naked seeds, It is perennial a. Flammula; Ranunculus longifolius palus-tris minor C. B. Ranunc...
-Raphanus
Raphanus Rusticanus Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. & C. B. Cochlearia folio cubitali Tourn. Cochlearia Armoracia Linn, Horseradish: a plant resembling scurvygrass in the flowers and seeds, but differing in the...
-Rapum
Rapa sativa rotunda C. B. Braffica Rapa Linn. Turnep; a plant with a round root; jagged leaves, rude to the touch; tetrapetalous flowers, commonly yellow; and small round smooth reddish or blackish se...
-Rhabarbarum. Rhubarb
Rhubarb: a plant with large dock-like leaves, among which arises a single thick stalk bearing loose clusters of naked monopetalous bell-shaped flowers divided into six segments: each flower contains n...
-Rhododendron
Rhododendron Chrysanthemum, Pharm. Edinb. Rhododendron Chrysan-thum Linn.syft. veg. ed. xiv. This plant, which is a new species of the rhododendron of Linnaeus, discovered by Professor Pallas, is a sh...
-Ricinus. Ricinoides
Ricinus & ricinoides: large plants, with small flowers in clusters, and the fruit growing at a little distance from, or succeeding only a few of, the flowers: the fruit consists of three capsules, con...
-Rosa
Rose: a prickly bush; with oval serrated leaves, set in pairs along a middle rib, which is terminated by an odd one; producing large elegant flowers, whose cup is divided into five long segments, with...
-Rosmarinus
Rosmarinus Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Rosmarinus hortenfis angustiore folio C. B. Liba-notis corcnaria quorundam. Rofmarinus officinalis Linn. Rosemary: a large shrubby plant, clothed with long narrow stif...
-Rubia
Ol. rorifmar. essent. Ph. Lond. & Ed. Sp. rorismar, Ph. Ed, Ph. Lond. Rubia Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Rubia tinc-forum sativa C. B. Radix rubra, & erythroda-num quibufdam. Rubia t...
-Ruscus
Ruscus C. B. Ruscus myrtifolius aculeatus Tourn. Bruscus oxymyrsine, myrtacantha, mya-cantha & scopa regia quibufdam. Ruscus aculeatus Linn. Butchers-broom or Kneeholly: a low woody plant, with oblong...
-Ruta
Ruta Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Ruta hor-tensis latifolia C. B. Ruta graveolens Linn. Rue: a small shrubby plant, with thick bluish green leaves divided into numerous roundish segments: on the tops of the ...
-Sabina
Sabina Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Sabina folio tamarisci dioscoridis C. B. Savina quibufdam. Juniperus Sabina Linn. Savin: an ever-green shrub or small tree, clothed with very short narrow leaves so stiff ...
-Saccharum. Sugar
Sugar: a sweet substance, of a saline nature; prepared from the juice of an elegant large cane or reed, arundo saccharifera C. B. which grows spontaneously in the East Indies and some of the warmer pa...
-Sagapenum
Sagapenum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Serapinum quibufdam. Sagapenum: the concrete gummy-resinous juice of an oriental plant, of which we have no certain account, but which appears, from the seeds and piece...
-Sales Alkalini
Alkalies, or Alkaline salts: substan-ces of a very pungent taste; dissoluble in cold water; changing the colours of the blue flowers of vegetables to a green; destroying the acidity of four liquors, a...
-Sales Alkalini. Part 2
The salts of the leaves and other herbaceous parts of plants are more difficultly brought to a state of perfect purity than those of the more woody and compact; a portion of oily matter being tenaciou...
-Sales Alkalini. Part 3
X Lixivium tartari. (a) See Dr. Home's Experiments on bleaching. - It has been suspected that the matter in Russia potash, which seemed from Dr. Home's experiments to be quicklime, is no other than...
-Sales Alkalini. Part 4
The volatile alkalies obtained from different substances appear, like the fixt, to be, in their state of perfect purity, one and the same thing. But as first distilled from the subject, they are large...
-Sales Alkalini. Part 5
Ammonia praep. Ph. Lond. Aqua ammonias purae Ph. Lond. Alcali volat. caust.Ph.Ed. Alcali volatile ex fale ammon.vul-gofal ammon. volat.Ph.EA Some have mixed a quantity of this caustic spir...
-Sal Ammoniacus
Sal Ammoniacus Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Sal ammoniac: a neutral salt; volatile in a moderate heat, but not in that of boiling water; formed by the coalition of volatile alkaline salt with marine acid. On...
-Sal Catharticus. Purging Salt
Purging Salt: a salt of a bitter taste; soluble in twice its weight or less of water, and shooting into long prismatic crystals like those of nitre; liquefying and bubbling up in a moderate heat, emit...
-Sal Communis
Common or Culinary Salt; called, from its most obvious source, sea salt; though found also, in immense quantities, in the bowels of the earth. It is a perfectly neutral salt, com-posed of a peculiar a...
-Sal Communis. Continued
(a) This acid appears to proceed, not from the pure marine salt, but from the calcareous muriatic slt, or a combination of marine acid with earth, which all the common sorts of sea salt are found to p...
-Salix
Salix Pharm. Edinb. Salix vulgaris alba arborefcens C. B. Salix Ger. Salix fragilis Linn. Common white willow: a pretty large tree, frequent in moist woods and hedges; producing loose spikes or catkin...
-Salvia
Sage: a low shrubby plant, with square stalks; obtuse wrinkled dry leaves set in pairs, and large bluish labiated flowers, in loose spikes on the tops of the branches: the upper lip of the flower is n...
-Sambucus. Elder
Elder: a plant, with finely ferrated sharp-pointed leaves, set in pairs on a middle rib, with an odd one at the end; producing, on the tops of the branches, umbel-like clutters of small white flowers,...
-Sanguis
Unguentum fambuci Ph. Lond. Succ. bacc. fambuci fpif-fat. Ph. Lond, Rob baccar. fambuci Ph. Ed. Sanguis Draconis Sanguis Draconis Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Cinnabaris Graecorum. Dragons-b...
-Sanicula
Sanicula officinarum C. B. Sanicula euro-pea Linn. Sanicle: an umbelliferous plant, with shining dark green roundish leaves, cut into five segments, ferrated about the edges; and rough seeds, which (l...
-Santalum
Saunders. Three different woods arc brought under this name from the East Indies, in large billets: they are said to be the produce, chiefly, of the island Timor in the Indian ocean. It Santalum ci...
-Santonicum
Santonicum Semen Pharm. Lond. & Edinb, Semen cinae, Jemen sanctum, semen contra, sementina, Wormseed: a small light oval seed; composed as it were of a number of thin membranous coats; of a yellowish-...
-Sapo
Soap: a composition of oils or fats with al-kaline salts, incorporated so as to dissolve together in water into a milky semitransparent liquid. I. Sapo durus. Hard soap. The fined hard soap is p...
-Saponaria
Saponaria major Iaevis C. B. Saponaria officinalis Linn. Soapwort or Bruisewort: a smooth herb, with plantain-like three-ribbed leaves set in pairs on short broad pedicles; producing, on the tops of t...
-Saponariae Nuculaee
Nuculae sapnariae non edules C. B. Sa-Qonaria sphaerulae arboris filicifoliae J. B. Bacca bermudenfes Marloe. Soap-berries: a sphe-rical fruit, about the size of a cherry; whole cortical part is yello...
-Sarcocolla
Sarcocolla Pharm. Lond. A concrete gummy-refinous juice, brought from Perfia and Arabia, in small, spongy, crumbly, whitish-yellow grains, with a few of a reddish and sometimes of a deep red colour mi...
-Sarsaparilla
Sarsaparilla Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Zarza quibuddam: the root of a species of bindweed, smilax aspera peruviana Jive sarsaparilla C. B. Smilax (sarsaparilla) caule aculeato an-gulato, foliis inermibus ...
-Sassafras
Sassafras Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. The root of a large American tree of the bay kind, (laurus (sassafras) foliis integris trilobisque Linn. Arbor ex florida ficulneo folio C. B.J brought over in long slr...
-Satureia
Satureia hortenfis five cunila sativa plinii C. B, Thymbra. Satureia hortenfis Linn,, Summer savoury; a low, shirubby, some-what hairy plant: with small oblong narrow leaves, narrowed at the bottom, s...
-Satyrion
Satyrion Pharm. Edinb. Orchis morio mas foliis maculatis C. B. Cynoforchis & testi-cuius caninus quibusdam. Orchis mascula Linn. Orchis: a plant with six or seven long smooth narrow leaves, variegated...
-Saxifraga
Saxifraga rotundifolia alba C. B. Saxi-fraga granulata Linn. White saxifrage: a plant with kidney-shaped crenated yellowish-green leaves, and round slender purplish branched stalks, on the tops of whi...
-Saxifraga Vulgaris
Saxifraga vulgaris five anglica, Hippo-marathrum anglicum, Fceniculum erraticum: Sefeli pratenfe, silaus forte plinio C. B. Angelica pra-tenfis apii folio Tourn. Peucedanum Silaus Linn. English or Mea...
-Scammonium
Scammonium Pharm. Lond, & Edinb. Diagrydiunii Scammony: the concrete gummy-resinous juice of the roots of a species of convolvulus (convolvulus (scammonia) foliis fa-git tat is postice truncatis, pedu...
-Scilla
Scilla Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Scilla fa-dice alba, & Scilia vulgaris radice rubra C. B, Ornitbogalum maritimum Tourn. Scilla maritima Linn. Squill or Sea-onion: a plant with a large bulbous onion-like ...
-Scincus
Acetum fcil-lae Ph. Lond, Acetum fcil-lit. Ph. Ed. Oxym. fell, lit. Pl Loud. Syr. fcillit. Ph. Ed. Scincus feu crocodilus terreftris Raii. The Skink: a small amphibious animal, of the liza...
-Scordium
Scordium Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. C. B. Chamaedrys palustris & trifago paluftris quibufdam. Teucrium Scordium Linn. Water-germander: a trailing plant, with oblong, oval, indented, soft hoary leaves, set ...
-Scorzonera
Scorzonera latifolia sinuata C. B. Vipe-raria & serpentaria hispanica quibusdam. Scorzo-nera hispanica Linn, Vipers-grass: a plant with large sharp-pointed leaves, slightly sinuated about the edges, h...
-Scrophularia. Fig Wort
Fig Wort: a plant with square (talks; the leaves set in pairs, at distances, in opposite directions; the branches terminated by loose fpikes of irregular, purple, helmet-shaped flowers; each of which ...
-Sebum
Sebum majus vulgare C. B. Aizoon & bar-bajovis 'quibusdam, Sempervivum tettorum Linn. Houseleek. or Sengreen: a plant with numerous, thick, stiff, fleshy, pointed leaves, lying over one another in for...
-Selenites
Selenites: an earthy or stony concrete; not dissoluble in acids; calcining in a gentle heat into a soft powder , which forms a tenacious paste with water: composed of calcareous earth and vitri...
-Senna
Senna Pharm. Lond, & Edinb. Folium orientale. Senna: the leaf of an annual, woody, pod-bearing plant (senna alexandrina five foliis acutis C. B. Caffia (senna) foliolis trijugatis qua-drijugatisque Li...
-Serpentaria
Serpentaria Virginiana Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Serpentaria virginiana & Vi-perina & Colubrina virginiana Pharm. Paris. Virginian snakeroot: the root of a species of aristolochia growing in Virginia and ...
-Seseligusticum
Seseligusticum quod seseli officinarum C B. Lqferpitium Siler Linn. Hart wort or Ser-mountain: a tall umbelliferous plant, with large leaves, composed of oblong pointed sections set in pairs or three ...
-Seseli Massiliense
Seseli Massiliense - funiculi folio C. B. Foeniculum tortuojum J. B. Sefeli tortuofum Linn. Hartwort of Marseilles: a large spreading branched umbelliferous plant; with the stalk and branches firm, wo...
-Sigillum Salomonis
Convallaria feu Sigillum Salomonis Ph. Edinb, (a) Polygonatum latifolium vulgare C. B. Convallaria multiflora Linn, Solomons-seal: a plant with unbranched stalks, bearing oval narrow leaves ribbed lik...
-Simarouba
Simarouba Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. the bark of the Quassia, Simarouba, Linn, suppl. Quaffia dioica, Pharm. Suec, Evonymus fructu nigra tetragono Barrer, aequin, It is brought from Guiana, in long pieces,...
-Sinapi
Sinapi Pharm. Lond, Sinapi album Pharm. Edinb. Sinapi rapi folio C. B. Sinapis. nigra Linn. * (b). Mustard: an annual plant; with long rough leaves divided to the rib into irregular segments, of which...
-Sium
Water-Parsnep. A genus of umbelliferous plants, growing in watery situations, with winged leaves, striated seeds, and a polyphyllous involucrum. Of these, a species has of late years come into frequen...
-Solanum. Nightshade
Nightshade: a plant with a monope-talous flower, divided into five segments, having its cup divided in the same manner, with the same number of (lamina in the middle, and followed by a juicy berry. ...
-Sperma Ceti
Sperma Ceti Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Spermaceti, improperly so called: a species of fat; found in certain wales, particularly in their heads; artificially purified, by boiling with alkaline lye, to a sno...
-Spigelia
Spigelia Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. An-tbelmia Dris. Lining. Spigelia marilandica Linn. Periclymeni virginiani flore coccineo planta marilandica, spica erecta, foliis conjugal is Catefby carol. Indian pink...
-Spina Cervina
Spina Cervina Pharm. Lond. Rhamnus catbarticus five Spina cervina Pharm. Edinb. Rbamnus catbarticus C. B. & Linn. Spina infectoria et cervifpina quibusdam. Buckthorn: a prickly bush, or low tree, comm...
-Spiritus Finosus. Vinous Spirit
Vinous Spirit: an inflammable fluid, obtained by distillation from wines or other fermented liquors. As first distilled, it partakes both of the phlegm or watery part, and of the oil, of the fermented...
-Spongia
Spongia Pharrn. Lond. & Edinb. Sponge: a soft, light, very porous and compressible sub-stance, readily imbibing water; found in the sea, adhering to rocks, particularly in the Mediterranean, about the...
-Stannum
Stannum Pharm. Land. & Edinb. Trn: a silver-coloured metal, not liable to rust, but losing its brightness in the air; easily flexible, and making a crackling noise in being bent; little more than seve...
-Staphisagria
Staphisagria Pharm. Lond. & C. B. Staphy,s pedicularia, & berba pedicularis quibus-dam. Delphinium Staphysagria Linn, Stave-sacre: a plant with large leaves, set on long pedicles, deeply divided into ...
-Stoechas
Stoechas purpuraea C B. Lavandula Staechas Linn. French lavender: a low shrubby plant, with small oblong narrow leaves, bearing on the tops of the branches short thick spikes or scaly heads, from whic...
-Stramonium
Stramonium Pharm. Edinb. Solatium faetidum, pomo spnojo oblongo C. B. Datura Stramonium Linn. Thorn-apple: an herbaceous plant, with a thick branched stalk, two or three feet high, large sinuated inde...
-Styrax
Storax Pharm. Lond. Styrax calamita Pharm. Edinb* Solid storax: an odoriferous resin, exuding in the warmer climates from a middling-sized tree (styrax folio mali cotonei C. B. Styrax officinale Linn....
-Styrax Liquida. Liquid Storax
Liquid Storax: a resinous juice; obtained from a large tree with angular leaves like those of the maple, and a round fruit com-posed of a number of pointed seed-vessels, called by Ray styrax aceris fo...
-Succinum
Succinum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Am-barum citrinum & electrum quibusdam. Amber: a solid, brittle, bituminous substance, dug out of the earth or found upon the sea shores, mod plentifully in Polish Pruss...
-Sulphur
Sulphur Pharm. Lond. Brimstone: a yellow concrete, of no taste, and scarcely any smell; melting in a small degree of heat into a viscous red fluid, and totally exhaling on an increase of the heat; rea...
-Sulphur. Continued
Oleum sulphurat. Petroleum sulphur. || Balf. sulph. craflum. Fixt alkaline fat, stirred by little and little into twice [or rather half] [or a fifth part ] its weight o...
-Sumach
Sumach five Rhus obsoniorum. Rhus folio ulmi C B. Rhus coriaria Linn. Sumach: a shrub or low tree; with oval, pointed, serrated, downy leaves, having each a red rib running along the middle, set in pa...
-Tacamahaca
Tacamahaca. Arefin; obtained from a tree, resembling the poplar, (Populus balsa-mifera Linn.) bearing, at the extremities of the branches, mall roundish fruits including a seed like a peach-kernel; a ...
-Talcum
Talc: an earthy concrete; of a fibrous or leafy texture; more or less pellucid, bright or glittering; smooth and slippery to the touch; in some degree flexible and elastic, so as scarce to be pulverab...
-Tamarindus
Tamarindus Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Oxyphaenicon. Tamarind: the fruit of a pretty large tree, (siliqua arabica qua tamarindus C. B. Tamarindus indica Linn.) growing in Arabia and in the East and Well Ind...
-Tanacetum
Tanacetum Pharm. Lond. and Edinb. Tanacetum vulgare luteum C. B. Tanafia, atha-nafia, & parthenium mas quibusdam. Tanacetum vulgare Linn. Tansy: a plant with large leaves, divided to the rib, on both ...
-Tartarum
Tartarum vini albi vel rubri. Tartar: an acid concrete salt thrown off from wines, after complete fermentation, to the sides and bottoms of the casks; of a red or white colour, and more or less drossy...
-Telephium
Telephium: a plant with unbranched stalks, clothed with thick fleshy oval leaves, but producing no leaves immediately from the root: the flowers stand in form of umbels on the top of the stalk, and ar...
-Terebinthinae. Turpentines
Turpentines: the native balsams or resinous juices of certain trees. Four kinds arc distinguished by medical writers. 1. Terebinthina chia Pharm. Lond. Chio or Cyprus turpentine: generally about th...
-Terra Japonica
Catechu vulgo Terra Japonica Pharm. Lond. Terra japonica dicta Pharm. Edinb. Japan earth, improperly so called. *The plant which yields the terra japonica, grows in the East Indies, and is called coir...
-Terrea Absorbentia. Absorbent Earths
Absorbent Earths: distinguishable from other earthy and stony substances by their solubility in acids. Such are, the mineral calcareous earths, as chalk: the animal calcareous earths, as crabs-claws, ...
-Thea
Tea: the leaf of a Chinese shrub, evonymo affinis arbor orientalis nucifera flore roseo Pluk. alm. Thea bohea &. viridis Linn. The leaves, carefully picked, are dried hastily on warm iron plates; wher...
-Thus
Thus Pharm. Lond. Frankincense: a solid brittle resin, brought to us in little glebes or masses, of a brownish or yellowish colour on the outside, internally whitish or variegated with whitish. specks...
-Thymelaea
Thymelaea Pharm, Paris. A shrubby plant; with smooth uncut leaves; and mono-petalous flowers set thick together: each flower is cut into four acute sections, and followed by an oblong, red, yellow, or...
-Thymiama
Thymiamatis cortex Officinarum Germanic: Thus judaeorum quorundam. A bark, in small brownish-grey pieces, intermixed with bits of leaves, seeming as if the bark and leaves had been bruised and pressed...
-Thymus. Thyme
Thyme: a low shrubby plant; consisting of numerous (lender tough (talks, with little roundish leaves in pairs, and loose spikes, on the tops, of purplish or whitish labiated flowers, whose upper lip i...
-Tilia
Tilia femina folio majore C. B. Tilia eu-ropa Linn, Lime or Linden: a tall spreading-branched tree, with large heart-shaped, serrated, soft, somewhat hairy leaves: in the bosoms of these rife long nar...
-Tithymalus. Spurge
Spurge: a plant with small smooth leaves, round stalks full of a milky juice, and umbellike clusters of tetrapetalous flowers, whose cups are divided into four segments set alternately with the petala...
-Tormentilla
Tormentilla Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Tormentilla sylveftris C B. Heptaphyllum. Tor-mentilla erecta Linn. Tormentil or Septfoil: a plant with slender, weak, upright stalks; oblong leaves, indented towards...
-Trichomanes
Trichomanes Pharm. Edinb. Polytrichum five trichomanes C. B. Callitrichum. Asplenium Trichomanes Linn. English maidenhair: a small plant, without stalks: the leaves are long, narrow, composed of littl...
-Trifolium Paludosum
Trifolium Paludosum Pharm. Lond. Menyanthes Pharm. Edinb. Trifolium palustre C. B. Menyantbes Irifoliata Linn. Buckbean: a plant with large oval leaves, pointed at each end like those of the garden be...
-Turpethum
Turpethum five Turbith. Turbith: the cortical part of the root of a species of convolvulus (Convolvulus Turpethum Linn.) brought from the East Indies, in oblong pieces, of a brown or ash colour on the...
-Tussilago
Tussilago Pharm. Loud. & Edinb. Tus-filago vulgaris C B. Farfara Bechium & ungu-la caballina quibufdam. Tussilaga Farfara Linn. Coltsfoot: a low plant, producing early in the spring single stalks, eac...
-Tutia
Tutia Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Tutia alexandrina. Tutty: an argillaceous ore of zinc, found in Persia; formed on cylindrical moulds into tubulous pieces like the bark of a tree, and baked to a moderate h...
-Valeriana
Valeriana filveftris Ph. Lond. & Edinb. Valeriana stlveftris major montana C. B. Valeriana (a) The above account of the origin of tutty is supported by the authority of Teixeira and Douglas, and by...
-Vanilla
Vanilla feu Banilia Pharm. Paris. Aracus aromaticus, Vanelloe: the fruit of a climbing plant (volubilis filiquofa mexicana foliis plantaginis Rati hift. Epidendrum Vanilla Linn.) growing in the Spanis...
-Verbascum
Verbascum Pharm. Edinb. Verbascum mas latifolium luteum C. B. Tapsus barbatus Candelaria & lanaria quibusdam. Verbascum Thapsus Linn. Mullein: a large plant, all over white and woolly; with a single w...
-Verbena
Verbena communis fiore caruleo C. B. Hierobotane, herba sacra, herba cephalalgia & Perifterium quibusdam. Verbena officinalis Linn. Vervain: a plant with wrinkled, oblong, ob-tuse leaves, deeply jagge...
-Veronica
Veronica: a low, somewhat hairy, trailing plant, with firm leaves set in pairs: from the joints arise slender pedicles, bearing spikes of blue monopetalous flowers, each of which is divided, as is the...
-Vincetoxicum
Vincetoxicum, Afclepas, Hirundinaria. Afclepias albo flore C. B. Afclepias Vincetoxicum Linn. Swallow-wort, tame-poison: a plant with unbranched stalks; smooth oblong acuminated leaves set in pairs, a...
-Vinum
Wine: the fermented juice of the grape. It differs in colour, flavour, and strength, partly from differences in the grape itself, but chiefly from different managements or additions. Five sorts are em...
-Viola
Viola Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Viola martia purpurea flore simplici odoro C. B. Viola-ria. Viola odorata Linn. Violet: a low creeping plant, without any other stalk than the pedicles of the leaves and fl...
-Vipera
Vipera Pharm. Edinb. Coluber Berus Linn. The Viper or Adder, a viviparous reptile, about an inch or less in thickness, and twenty or thirty in length, with a small sharp-pointed tail. It is found in t...
-Virga Aurea
Virga Aurea angufiifolia minus serrata C. B. Herba doria & Confolida saracenica qui-busdam. Solidago Virga aurea Linn. Golden rod: a plant with long somewhat oval leaves, pointed at both ends, slightl...
-Viscus
Viscus Quernus Viscum baccis albis C. B. Viscum album Linn, Misseltoe: a bufhy evergreen plant, with woody branches variously interwoven; firm narrow leaves, narrowed at the bottom, set in pairs; and ...
-Vitriolum
Vitriolum & Calanthum Pharm. Paris. Vitriol: a saline crystalline concrete, com-posed of metal united with a certain acid called the vitriolic acid. There are three metals with which this acid is foun...
-Vitriolum. Part 2
Aqua styptica Ph. Ed. In still smaler doses, the blue vitriol has been much used by some as a tonic in intermittent, and other diseases. 3. Vitriolum viride Pharm. Lond. Vitri-olum viride, five ...
-Vitriolum. Part 3
Tinctura slyptica. Spir. vitri-oli tenuis. Acidum vi-triolicum Ph. Lond. & Ed. || Acidum vitriolicum dilut. Ph. Lond. Acid, vitriol, tenue, vulgo Spiritus vi-trioli tenuis ...
-Vitriolum. Part 4
Spiritus aethe ris vitriol. Ph. Lond. This spirit, taken from ten to eighty or ninety drops, strengthens the stomach and digestive powers, relieves flatulencies, promotes urine, and in many cases a...
-Vitriolum. Part 5
* (a) It has since come more into use in flatulent and spasmodic complaints, the gout in the stomach, nervous asthmas, and the like. Though it will not mix with water, it may be diffused in a sufficie...
-Ulmaria
Ulmaria five Regina prati. Barba capra floribus compactis C. B. Spiraea Ulmaria Linn. Meadowsweet or Queen-of-the meadows: a plant with tall, smooth, reddish, brittle stalks; and oval, sharp-pointed, ...
-Ulmus
Ulmus Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Ulmus sampestris & theophrasti C. B. Ulmus campestris Linn. Elm: a tall common tree; covered with a rough, chapt, brownish, brittle bark, under which lies a white, smooth, ...
-Urina
Urina Pharm. Paris. Urine: The re-cent urine of healthy subjects is nauseously bitter, very saline, scarcely manifestly alkaline or acid. As soon as it begins to putrefy, it emits volatile alkaline va...
-Urtica
Urtica Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Urtica urens maxima C. B. Urtica dioica Linn. Common stinging nettle. Infusions and decoctions of this herb, or its expressed juice, are recommended in different disorders...
-Uveae Passae. Raisins
Raisins: rich sweet grapes, dried by the fun's heat in the warmer parts of Europe. Two sorts are directed for medicinal use. 1. Uvae passae majores Pharm. Lond. Passulae majores Pharm. Edinb. Raisins ...
-Uva Ursi
Uva Ursi: Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Vitis idaea foliis carnofis & veluti puntctatis, five idaea radix dioscoridis C. B. Arbutus (Uva Ursi) cauliculis procumbentibus, soliis integerrimis Linn, Bears whortl...
-Winteranus Cortex
Winteranus Cortex, Cortex Magellanicus. Winter's bark. The tree producing the Winter's bark (Winterana aromatica Soland.) is one of the largest forest trees on Terra del Fuego. Its leaves are ever-gre...
-Zedoaria
Zedoaria Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Ze-doaria longa & Zedoaria rotunda C. B. Ze-doary: the root of an Indian plant, (Amomum scapo nudo spica laxa truncata, Berg, Mat, Med,) brought over in oblong pieces, a...
-Zibethum. Civet
Civet'ta. Civet: a soft unctuous odoriferous substance, about the consistence of honey or butter; of a whitish, yellowish, or brownish colour, and sometimes blackish; brought from the Brazils, the coa...
-Zincum
Zincum Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. Zinc, orTutenag: a bluish white metal; crackling, in being bent, like tin, and quickly breaking; about seven times specifically heavier than water; beginning to melt in a ...
-Zingiber
Zingiber Pharm. Lond. & Edinb. & C. B. Ginger: the root of a reed-like plant (Amomum Zingiber Linn.), growing spontaneously in the East Indies, and cultivated in some part of the Weft; brought over in...









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