1. Matter, in all its diversity of character, quality, form and combination, may be classed in two great divisions, namely: Organic and Inorganic Matter.
2. Organic Matter includes the two vast kingdoms of Nature; the Animal and the Vegetable Kingdoms.
3. Inorganic Matter includes all bodies not possessed of Conscious Life, or such as are not endowed with a Capacity For Life, that is, Conscious Life.
4. Inorganic, Brute or Dead Matter, is controlled or governed by laws or forces, embracing Chemistry and Natural Philosophy.
5. Organized or Living Bodies, though influenced to a certain extent by the laws which govern inorganic matter, are sustained in their living state by Vital Laws, "which hold supremacy over and control those of physics and chemistry, which they modify and render subservient on many occasions to the purpose of vitality."
6. The principle of life is the same in all animated beings; and the human animal economy is governed by the same general laws as that of the animal economy.
7. Life, or the Living State, is a series of actions or motions in animal matter, of which organized bodies are alone susceptible.
8. Without Organization there cannot be Life. And again, organized bodies, though possessed of a "Capacity for life," require the aid of Stimulants to call it into activity.
9. "Animal life can be supported only by external stimulants."
10. Life is produced by the influence of Heat or Caloric upon Organized bodies.
11. Heat, Or Caloric, Is The Power Or Agent By Which Other Stimu-' Lants, As Atmospheric Air, Light, Electricity, Galvanism, Food, Drink, And Medicine Are Made To Act Upon The System.
12. Caloric Brings Into Play That Power (Assumed To Be An Electro-Galvanic Influence) Which Is The Immediate Agent Of Those Varied And Complicated Actions Which Forms And Fashions The Organs; Conveys To And Appropriates Nourishment To Every Organ And Tissue; "Sustains Animal Matter In A State Of Composition;" Selects And Expels Effete Or Worn Out Matter By The Pores Of The Skin, The Kidneys, And Other Depuratory Organs; Carries On All The Various Secretions; Endows The Organs With Sensation; And Enables Them To React Against, Or Resist The Influences That Tend To Their Destruction." The two preceding propositions form the cornerstone or basis of the true science of medicine.
13. In the early period of animal life, until the organs become developed, heat is derived from the mother. As the organs become developed they are endowed with the power of producing or generating heat, and after birth the supply of animal heat is dependent upon this function of calorification, or heat generating power. Thus Vital Action, first produced by heat, creates the power, or generates the influence necessary to the continuance of its action. Heat is evolved in every part of the system, and the amount of caloric generated will be in proportion as vital action is greater.
14. As the heat of the system is lessened, in proportion will vital action diminish. "If the system be deprived of caloric for a certain length of time, all the preservative, recuperative, and sanative phenomena cease (this is especially the condition in Consumption). It is the same also as respects Oxygen."
15. The stomach is the seat or "throne of the vital powers;" the main centre or source from which is radiated the nervous power, which, by the aid of heat and oxygen, carries on and governs the important vital functions of circulation, respiration, digestion, nutrition, assimilation, and the various secretions.
16. The stomach is in almost every instance the seat of disease. When this organ is disordered the power of generating heat and nervous influence is diminished, and consequently the actions and functions of other organs become weakened or deranged. In fever, although the heat of the surface is increased above the natural standard, yet the amount generated may be less than is produced in a state of health. The secretions and transpirations from the skin and mucous surface being suspended, the heat is locked up in the system, and this, it would seem, is a wise provision for retaining the heat, in order to sustain the recuperative actions, and thus effect a crisis in disease. Experiments have shown that in the most inflammatory diseases, the blood contains less positive electricity than it does when taken from one in health. As the functions of the stomach and bowels are restored to a healthy condition a natural warmth and action becomes established throughout the system.
17. The same means that will restore the natural temperature of the system, as pure stimulants (as Capsicum) and the Vapor Bath, will also increase the Electro-Galvanic or nervous power, which governs the circulation and all the vital functions.
18. As the natural warmth of the system is reduced, either from a disordered stomach or from any other cause, the nervous power which maintains an equilibrium in the circulation is enfeebled; hence in disease a loss of the natural balance or equilibrium in the circulation of the blood is a common occurence.
19. An undue accumulation of blood in a part is attended by a deficiency of it in other parts. Thus in Fever there is an unnatural quantity of blood in the surface and a corresponding deficiency inwardly; determinations of blood to the head are accompanied with a loss of blood in the feet.
20. The same means that will correct a disordered stomach and "raise the heat" of the system to its natural standard, will tend to restore the natural balance of the circulation of the blood.
21. As the natural heat and nervous power is reduced, either from cold, disordered stomach, or from any other cause, the functions of digestion, nutrition, and assimilation become enfeebled or disordered. The same cause also deranges the secreting organs, as the liver and glands of the mucous membranes. In many instances in disease the liver ceases to secrete bile; and the excessive thirst accompanying fever arises from diminished or suspended secretions of the glands of the mucous membranes.